Income Inequality and Violent Crime : Evidence from Mexico's Drug War

Show simple item record

collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Enamorado, Ted
dc.contributor.author
López-Calva, Luis-Felipe
dc.contributor.author
Rodriguez Castelan, Carlos
dc.contributor.author
Winkler, Hernán
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-30T16:39:51Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-30T16:39:51Z
dc.date.issued
2014-06
dc.description.abstract
The relationship between income inequality and crime has attracted the interest of many researchers, but little convincing evidence exists on the causal effect of inequality on crime in developing countries. This paper estimates this effect in a unique context: Mexico's Drug War. The analysis takes advantage of a unique data set containing inequality and crime statistics for more than 2,000 Mexican municipalities covering a period of 20 years. Using an instrumental variable for inequality that tackles problems of reverse causality and omitted variable bias, this paper finds that an increment of one point in the Gini coefficient translates into an increase of more than 10 drug-related homicides per 100,000 inhabitants between 2006 and 2010. There are no significant effects before 2005. The fact that the effect was found during Mexico's Drug War and not before is likely because the cost of crime decreased with the proliferation of gangs (facilitating access to knowledge and logistics, lowering the marginal cost of criminal behavior), which, combined with rising inequality, increased the expected net benefit from criminal acts after 2005.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18825
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6935
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ASSET POVERTY
dc.subject
BURGLARY
dc.subject
CONFLICT
dc.subject
CONVICTION
dc.subject
COUNTERFACTUAL
dc.subject
COUNTRY LEVEL
dc.subject
CRIME RATE
dc.subject
CRIME RATES
dc.subject
CRIME STATISTICS
dc.subject
CRIMINAL
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTS
dc.subject
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
CRIMINAL JUSTICE
dc.subject
CRIMINOLOGY
dc.subject
CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS
dc.subject
CROSS-COUNTRY STUDIES
dc.subject
CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA
dc.subject
DATA SET
dc.subject
DEATHS
dc.subject
DECLINING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
DELINQUENCY
dc.subject
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
dc.subject
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
dc.subject
DEVELOPED ECONOMIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DRUG
dc.subject
DRUG TRAFFICKERS
dc.subject
DRUG TRAFFICKING
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
ECONOMETRIC MODELS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL LITERATURE
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL WORK
dc.subject
EXPLANATORY VARIABLE
dc.subject
FAMILY STRUCTURES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FIREARMS
dc.subject
FOOD BASKET
dc.subject
FOOD POVERTY
dc.subject
FOOD POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
GANGS
dc.subject
GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject
HIGHER INEQUALITY
dc.subject
HOME
dc.subject
HOMICIDE
dc.subject
HOMICIDE RATE
dc.subject
HOMICIDE RATES
dc.subject
HOMICIDES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
IMPACT OF INEQUALITY
dc.subject
IMPRISONMENT
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME REGRESSIONS
dc.subject
INCOMES
dc.subject
INCREASING INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCREASING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INEQUALITIES
dc.subject
INEQUALITY DATA
dc.subject
INEQUALITY LEVELS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY MEASURE
dc.subject
INEQUALITY MEASURES
dc.subject
KIDNAPPING
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LACK OF INFORMATION
dc.subject
LAW ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
LINEAR REGRESSION
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
MARGINAL COST
dc.subject
MEAN INCOME
dc.subject
MEASUREMENT ERROR
dc.subject
MEDIAN INCOME
dc.subject
MURDER
dc.subject
MURDERS
dc.subject
NATIONAL DEFENSE
dc.subject
NEGATIVE CORRELATION
dc.subject
NEGATIVE EFFECT
dc.subject
NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject
NET BENEFIT
dc.subject
OFFENSES
dc.subject
ORGANIZED CRIME
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject
POSITIVE EFFECT
dc.subject
POVERTY INCREASE
dc.subject
POVERTY MAPS
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURE
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASUREMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject
PROPERTY CRIMES
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject
RAPE
dc.subject
REAL INCOME
dc.subject
REFUGEES
dc.subject
RISING INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
RISING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
RURAL
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
SIGNIFICANT EFFECT
dc.subject
SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL STRUCTURE
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
THEFT
dc.subject
TORTURE
dc.subject
VICTIMS
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VIOLENT CRIME
dc.subject
VIOLENT CRIMES
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WELFARE INDICATORS
dc.subject
WILL
dc.title
Income Inequality and Violent Crime : Evidence from Mexico's Drug War
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2014-06-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705699/income-inequality-violent-crime-evidence-mexicos-drug-war
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6935
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20140624090206
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19705699
okr.identifier.report
WPS6935
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/24/000158349_20140624090206/Rendered/PDF/WPS6935.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Mexico
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Social Development :: Crime and Society
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Law
okr.topic
Services and Transfers to Poor
okr.unit
Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit, Latin America and the Caribbean Region
okr.volume
1 of 1

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)