Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries : Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture

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collection.link.34
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2142
collection.name.34
World Bank Studies
dc.contributor.author
Scholz, Sebastian M.
dc.contributor.author
Sembres, Thomas
dc.contributor.author
Roberts, Kelli
dc.contributor.author
Whitman, Thea
dc.contributor.author
Wilson, Kelpie
dc.contributor.author
Lehmann, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-26T16:04:38Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-26T16:04:38Z
dc.date.issued
2014-06-23
dc.description.abstract
Biochar is the carbon-rich organic matter that remains after heating biomass under the minimization of oxygen during a process called pyrolysis. There are a number of reasons why biochar systems may be particularly relevant in developing-country contexts. This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems. Its aim is to provide a state-of-the-art overview of current knowledge regarding biochar science. In that sense the report also offers a reconciling view on different scientific opinions about biochar providing an overall account that shows the various perspectives of its science and application. This includes soil and agricultural impacts of biochar, climate change impacts, social impacts, and competing uses of biomass. The report aims to contextualize the current scientific knowledge in order to put it at use to address the development climate change nexus, including social and environmental sustainability. The report is organized as follows: chapter one offers some introductory comments and notes the increasing interest in biochar both from a scientific and practitioner's point of view; chapter two gives further background on biochar, describing its characteristics and outlining the way in which biochar systems function. Chapter three considers the opportunities and risks of biochar systems. Based on the results of the surveys undertaken, chapter four presents a typology of biochar systems emerging in practice, particularly in the developing world. Life-cycle assessments of the net climate change impact and the net economic profitability of three biochar systems with data collected from relatively advanced biochar projects were conducted and are presented in chapter five. Chapter six investigates various aspects of technology adoption, including barriers to implementing promising systems, focusing on economics, carbon market access, and sociocultural barriers. Finally, the status of knowledge regarding biochar systems is interpreted in chapter seven to determine potential implications for future involvement in biochar research, policy, and project formulation.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9525-7
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-9525-7
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18781
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Study;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ENERGY
dc.subject
ACID
dc.subject
ACIDIC SOILS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL WASTE
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL WASTES
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR EMISSIONS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
ALLOCATION
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE USES
dc.subject
ANION EXCHANGE
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
ASH
dc.subject
ASH CONTENT
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC CARBON
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC GREENHOUSE GAS CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ADOPTION
dc.subject
BASIC
dc.subject
BIO-OIL
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
BIOMASS AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
BIOMASS CARBON
dc.subject
BIOMASS ENERGY
dc.subject
BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK
dc.subject
BIOMASS RESIDUES
dc.subject
BIOMASS SOURCE
dc.subject
BIOMASS USE
dc.subject
BLACK CARBON
dc.subject
BLACK CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
BUILDING MATERIALS
dc.subject
BUSINESS AS USUAL SCENARIO
dc.subject
CALCULATION
dc.subject
CAPITAL COST
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON ACCUMULATION
dc.subject
CARBON CONTENT
dc.subject
CARBON CREDITS
dc.subject
CARBON DECOMPOSITION
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON DYNAMICS
dc.subject
CARBON FINANCE
dc.subject
CARBON MARKET
dc.subject
CARBON MARKETS
dc.subject
CARBON OFFSET
dc.subject
CARBON RATIO
dc.subject
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
dc.subject
CARBON STORAGE
dc.subject
CARBONIZATION
dc.subject
CELLULOSE
dc.subject
CH4
dc.subject
CHANGES IN DEMAND
dc.subject
CHANGES IN LAND USE
dc.subject
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
dc.subject
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
dc.subject
CHOICE OF TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
CLEAN AIR
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
dc.subject
CLIMATE EFFECTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE RESILIENCE
dc.subject
CLIMATES
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
CO
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COLORS
dc.subject
COMBUSTION
dc.subject
COMPONENTS
dc.subject
CONVERSION EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
CROP RESIDUES
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION PRESSURES
dc.subject
DESERTIFICATION
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DROUGHT
dc.subject
DUST
dc.subject
E-MAIL
dc.subject
ECONOMIC BENEFITS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC COSTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESOURCES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSION ANALYSIS
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS DATA
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
EMISSIONS OF METHANE
dc.subject
ENERGY CROPS
dc.subject
ENERGY NEEDS
dc.subject
ENERGY PRODUCTION
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCE
dc.subject
ENERGY STRATEGIES
dc.subject
ENERGY SYSTEMS
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
ENGINEERING
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject
FAST PYROLYSIS
dc.subject
FEASIBILITY
dc.subject
FEEDSTOCK
dc.subject
FEEDSTOCK SOURCE
dc.subject
FEEDSTOCKS
dc.subject
FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
FIRE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST DEGRADATION
dc.subject
FOREST POLICY
dc.subject
FOREST SCIENCE
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FOSSIL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
FUEL USE
dc.subject
GAS PRODUCTION
dc.subject
GASIFICATION
dc.subject
GASIFICATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
GASIFIER
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GHG
dc.subject
GHGS
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL WARMING
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
HEAT
dc.subject
HEMICELLULOSE
dc.subject
HIGH SILICA CONTENT
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD COOKING
dc.subject
HUMAN HEALTH
dc.subject
IMAGES
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INNOVATIVE FINANCING
dc.subject
IPCC
dc.subject
LAND FOR AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
LAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND USE CHANGE
dc.subject
LANDFILL
dc.subject
LANDFILLS
dc.subject
LEACHING
dc.subject
LIGNIN
dc.subject
LIQUEFACTION
dc.subject
MANURE
dc.subject
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
dc.subject
METHANE
dc.subject
METHANE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
MITIGATION EFFECT
dc.subject
MITIGATION POTENTIAL
dc.subject
MOISTURE CONTENT
dc.subject
MONETARY VALUE
dc.subject
N2O
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NEW TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
NITROUS OXIDE
dc.subject
NITROUS OXIDE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject
NUTRIENT LOSS
dc.subject
NUTRIENT RECYCLING
dc.subject
NUTRIENTS
dc.subject
OFFSET PAYMENTS
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
OILS
dc.subject
OPEN DUMPS
dc.subject
ORGANIC CARBON
dc.subject
ORGANIC COMPOUND
dc.subject
ORGANIC MATERIALS
dc.subject
ORGANIC MATTER
dc.subject
ORGANIC MATTER CONTENT
dc.subject
OXYGEN
dc.subject
PAH
dc.subject
PAPER PRODUCTS
dc.subject
PARTICULATE
dc.subject
PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject
PH
dc.subject
PHOSPHORUS
dc.subject
PILOT PROJECTS
dc.subject
PLANT GROWTH
dc.subject
POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
POTASSIUM
dc.subject
POWER COMPANY
dc.subject
PRIMARY FEEDSTOCK
dc.subject
PUBLISHING
dc.subject
PYROLYSIS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY APPLICATIONS
dc.subject
RESERVOIRS
dc.subject
SCENARIOS
dc.subject
SILICA
dc.subject
SOIL CARBON
dc.subject
SOLAR POWER
dc.subject
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS
dc.subject
SULFUR
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
TRADITIONAL BIOMASS
dc.subject
TROPICS
dc.subject
UNCERTAINTIES
dc.subject
UNEP
dc.subject
WMO
dc.subject
WOOD RESIDUES
dc.subject
WOODY BIOMASS
dc.title
Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries : Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2014-06-23
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705161/biochar-systems-smallholders-developing-countries-leveraging-current-knowledge-exploring-future-potential-climate-smart-agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9525-7
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000442464_20140623142625
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19705161
okr.identifier.report
88888
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/23/000442464_20140623142625/Rendered/PDF/888880PUB0Box30lso0784070June122014.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Kenya
okr.region.country
Senegal
okr.region.country
Vietnam
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Agricultural extension and research
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Crops
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: General agriculture, fishing and forestry sector
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: Renewable energy
okr.sector
Water, sanitation and flood protection :: Solid waste management
okr.theme
Rural development :: Rural non-farm income generation
okr.theme
Rural development :: Global food crisis response
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Biodiversity
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Climate change
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Pollution management and environmental health
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
okr.topic
Technology Industry
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy and Environment
okr.topic
Industry
okr.unit
Environment (LCSEN)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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