Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries : Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture

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collection.link.34
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2142
collection.name.34
World Bank Studies
dc.contributor.author
Scholz, Sebastian M.
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dc.contributor.author
Sembres, Thomas
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dc.contributor.author
Roberts, Kelli
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dc.contributor.author
Whitman, Thea
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dc.contributor.author
Wilson, Kelpie
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dc.contributor.author
Lehmann, Johannes
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dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-26T16:04:38Z
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dc.date.available
2014-06-26T16:04:38Z
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dc.date.issued
2014-06-23
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dc.description.abstract
Biochar is the carbon-rich organic matter that remains after heating biomass under the minimization of oxygen during a process called pyrolysis. There are a number of reasons why biochar systems may be particularly relevant in developing-country contexts. This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems. Its aim is to provide a state-of-the-art overview of current knowledge regarding biochar science. In that sense the report also offers a reconciling view on different scientific opinions about biochar providing an overall account that shows the various perspectives of its science and application. This includes soil and agricultural impacts of biochar, climate change impacts, social impacts, and competing uses of biomass. The report aims to contextualize the current scientific knowledge in order to put it at use to address the development climate change nexus, including social and environmental sustainability. The report is organized as follows: chapter one offers some introductory comments and notes the increasing interest in biochar both from a scientific and practitioner's point of view; chapter two gives further background on biochar, describing its characteristics and outlining the way in which biochar systems function. Chapter three considers the opportunities and risks of biochar systems. Based on the results of the surveys undertaken, chapter four presents a typology of biochar systems emerging in practice, particularly in the developing world. Life-cycle assessments of the net climate change impact and the net economic profitability of three biochar systems with data collected from relatively advanced biochar projects were conducted and are presented in chapter five. Chapter six investigates various aspects of technology adoption, including barriers to implementing promising systems, focusing on economics, carbon market access, and sociocultural barriers. Finally, the status of knowledge regarding biochar systems is interpreted in chapter seven to determine potential implications for future involvement in biochar research, policy, and project formulation.
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dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9525-7
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dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-9525-7
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18781
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Study;
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO ENERGY
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dc.subject
ACID
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dc.subject
ACIDIC SOILS
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL WASTE
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL WASTES
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dc.subject
AIR
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dc.subject
AIR EMISSIONS
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dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
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dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
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dc.subject
ALLOCATION
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dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS
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dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE USES
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dc.subject
ANION EXCHANGE
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dc.subject
APPROACH
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dc.subject
ASH
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dc.subject
ASH CONTENT
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dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
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ATMOSPHERIC CARBON
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dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE
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dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC GREENHOUSE GAS
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ATMOSPHERIC GREENHOUSE GAS CONCENTRATIONS
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dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
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dc.subject
BALANCE
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dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ADOPTION
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dc.subject
BASIC
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dc.subject
BIO-OIL
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dc.subject
BIOMASS
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dc.subject
BIOMASS AVAILABILITY
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dc.subject
BIOMASS CARBON
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dc.subject
BIOMASS ENERGY
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dc.subject
BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK
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dc.subject
BIOMASS RESIDUES
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dc.subject
BIOMASS SOURCE
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dc.subject
BIOMASS USE
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dc.subject
BLACK CARBON
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dc.subject
BLACK CARBON EMISSIONS
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dc.subject
BUILDING MATERIALS
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dc.subject
BUSINESS AS USUAL SCENARIO
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dc.subject
CALCULATION
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dc.subject
CAPITAL COST
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dc.subject
CARBON
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dc.subject
CARBON ACCUMULATION
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dc.subject
CARBON CONTENT
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dc.subject
CARBON CREDITS
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dc.subject
CARBON DECOMPOSITION
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dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
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dc.subject
CARBON DYNAMICS
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dc.subject
CARBON FINANCE
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dc.subject
CARBON MARKET
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dc.subject
CARBON MARKETS
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CARBON OFFSET
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CARBON RATIO
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dc.subject
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
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dc.subject
CARBON STORAGE
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dc.subject
CARBONIZATION
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dc.subject
CELLULOSE
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dc.subject
CH4
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CHANGES IN DEMAND
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dc.subject
CHANGES IN LAND USE
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dc.subject
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
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dc.subject
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
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dc.subject
CHOICE OF TECHNOLOGY
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dc.subject
CLEAN AIR
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dc.subject
CLIMATE
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
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dc.subject
CLIMATE EFFECTS
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dc.subject
CLIMATE RESILIENCE
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dc.subject
CLIMATES
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dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
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dc.subject
CO
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dc.subject
CO2
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dc.subject
COAL
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dc.subject
COLORS
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dc.subject
COMBUSTION
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dc.subject
COMPONENTS
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dc.subject
CONVERSION EFFICIENCY
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dc.subject
CROP RESIDUES
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dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
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dc.subject
DEFORESTATION PRESSURES
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dc.subject
DESERTIFICATION
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dc.subject
DIESEL
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dc.subject
DROUGHT
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dc.subject
DUST
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dc.subject
E-MAIL
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC BENEFITS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC COSTS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACT
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACTS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESOURCES
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
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dc.subject
ECOSYSTEMS
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dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
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dc.subject
EMISSION
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dc.subject
EMISSION ANALYSIS
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dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION
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dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTIONS
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dc.subject
EMISSIONS
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EMISSIONS DATA
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dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION
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dc.subject
EMISSIONS OF METHANE
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dc.subject
ENERGY CROPS
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dc.subject
ENERGY NEEDS
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dc.subject
ENERGY PRODUCTION
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dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCE
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dc.subject
ENERGY STRATEGIES
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dc.subject
ENERGY SYSTEMS
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ENERGY USE
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dc.subject
ENGINEERING
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dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES
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dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
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dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
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FAST PYROLYSIS
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FEASIBILITY
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FEEDSTOCK
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FEEDSTOCK SOURCE
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FEEDSTOCKS
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dc.subject
FERTILIZERS
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dc.subject
FIRE EMISSIONS
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FOREST
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FOREST DEGRADATION
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FOREST POLICY
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FOREST SCIENCE
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FORESTRY
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FORESTS
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FOSSIL
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FOSSIL FUEL
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FOSSIL FUELS
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FUEL EFFICIENCY
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dc.subject
FUEL USE
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GAS PRODUCTION
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GASIFICATION
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GASIFICATION SYSTEMS
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GASIFIER
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GENERATION
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GHG
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GHGS
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GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
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GLOBAL WARMING
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GREENHOUSE
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GREENHOUSE GAS
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GREENHOUSE GASES
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dc.subject
HEAT
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HEMICELLULOSE
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HIGH SILICA CONTENT
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD COOKING
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dc.subject
HUMAN HEALTH
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dc.subject
IMAGES
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INCOME
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dc.subject
INNOVATIVE FINANCING
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dc.subject
IPCC
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dc.subject
LAND FOR AGRICULTURE
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dc.subject
LAND MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
LAND USE
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dc.subject
LAND USE CHANGE
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dc.subject
LANDFILL
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LANDFILLS
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LEACHING
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LIGNIN
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LIQUEFACTION
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MANURE
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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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METHANE
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METHANE EMISSIONS
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MITIGATION EFFECT
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MITIGATION POTENTIAL
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dc.subject
MOISTURE CONTENT
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MONETARY VALUE
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N2O
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NATURAL RESOURCES
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dc.subject
NEW TECHNOLOGIES
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NITROGEN
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NITROUS OXIDE
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NITROUS OXIDE EMISSIONS
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NONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS
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dc.subject
NUTRIENT LOSS
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dc.subject
NUTRIENT RECYCLING
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dc.subject
NUTRIENTS
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dc.subject
OFFSET PAYMENTS
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dc.subject
OIL PRODUCTION
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dc.subject
OILS
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dc.subject
OPEN DUMPS
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dc.subject
ORGANIC CARBON
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dc.subject
ORGANIC COMPOUND
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dc.subject
ORGANIC MATERIALS
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dc.subject
ORGANIC MATTER
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dc.subject
ORGANIC MATTER CONTENT
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dc.subject
OXYGEN
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dc.subject
PAH
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dc.subject
PAPER PRODUCTS
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dc.subject
PARTICULATE
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dc.subject
PARTICULATE MATTER
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dc.subject
PH
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dc.subject
PHOSPHORUS
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dc.subject
PILOT PROJECTS
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dc.subject
PLANT GROWTH
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dc.subject
POLLUTANTS
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dc.subject
POTASSIUM
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dc.subject
POWER COMPANY
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dc.subject
PRIMARY FEEDSTOCK
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dc.subject
PUBLISHING
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dc.subject
PYROLYSIS
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dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
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dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY APPLICATIONS
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dc.subject
RESERVOIRS
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dc.subject
SCENARIOS
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dc.subject
SILICA
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dc.subject
SOIL CARBON
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dc.subject
SOLAR POWER
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dc.subject
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS
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dc.subject
SULFUR
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dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
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dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
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dc.subject
TRADITIONAL BIOMASS
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dc.subject
TROPICS
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dc.subject
UNCERTAINTIES
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dc.subject
UNEP
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dc.subject
WMO
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dc.subject
WOOD RESIDUES
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dc.subject
WOODY BIOMASS
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dc.title
Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries : Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture
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okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
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okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
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okr.date.disclosure
2014-06-23
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705161/biochar-systems-smallholders-developing-countries-leveraging-current-knowledge-exploring-future-potential-climate-smart-agriculture
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
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okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9525-7
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000442464_20140623142625
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19705161
en_US
okr.identifier.report
88888
en_US
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/23/000442464_20140623142625/Rendered/PDF/888880PUB0Box30lso0784070June122014.pdf
en_US
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
en_US
okr.region.country
Kenya
en_US
okr.region.country
Senegal
en_US
okr.region.country
Vietnam
en_US
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Agricultural extension and research
en_US
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Crops
en_US
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: General agriculture, fishing and forestry sector
en_US
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: Renewable energy
en_US
okr.sector
Water, sanitation and flood protection :: Solid waste management
en_US
okr.theme
Rural development :: Rural non-farm income generation
en_US
okr.theme
Rural development :: Global food crisis response
en_US
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Biodiversity
en_US
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Climate change
en_US
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Pollution management and environmental health
en_US
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
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okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
en_US
okr.topic
Technology Industry
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okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
en_US
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy and Environment
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okr.topic
Industry
en_US
okr.unit
Environment (LCSEN)
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US

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