Analyzing Markets for Health Workers : Insights from Labor and Health Economics

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collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
McPake, Barbara
dc.contributor.author
Scott, Anthony
dc.contributor.author
Edoka, Ijeoma
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-26T15:55:13Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-26T15:55:13Z
dc.date.issued
2014-06-23
dc.description.abstract
The aim of this publication is to examine how labor and health economics can be used to analyze and better understand the role and functions of health worker labor markets. Health workforce shortages stem not only from inadequate overall supply, but also from suboptimal allocation of health human resources by location and role. Low performance and productivity are also issues. These three problems are often compounded by a resource problem - the gap between the finances required for an adequate workforce and those likely available. The application of labor economics to health care labor markets needs to account for the specific institutional features and market failures in health care. The document is organized as follows: first section gives introduction, the second section sets out a broad framework that needs to be used when examining health care labor markets. The third section summarizes the key issues surrounding the demand and supply of health workers and how these interact in the health worker labor market. The fourth section summarizes the broad analytical approaches used in economics, focusing on issues of causality and labor market dynamics. The final section suggests some gaps in research and analysis for health worker labor markets in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0224-9
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-1-4648-0224-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18780
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Human Development;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ACUTE CARE
dc.subject
ACUTE CARE HOSPITALS
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
AMOUNT OF REMUNERATION
dc.subject
BARGAINING
dc.subject
BLOOD PRESSURE
dc.subject
BLOOD SAMPLES
dc.subject
CAPITATION
dc.subject
CAPITATION PAYMENT
dc.subject
CARERS
dc.subject
CLINICIANS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY HEALTH
dc.subject
COST ANALYSIS
dc.subject
COST OF CAPITAL
dc.subject
COST OF HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
COUNSELING
dc.subject
DEATHS
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR HEALTH
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR SERVICES
dc.subject
DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
dc.subject
DIAGNOSIS
dc.subject
DOCTORS
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
EQUITY ISSUES
dc.subject
FEE FOR SERVICE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
FINANCING POLICIES
dc.subject
FLAT RATE
dc.subject
GENERAL PRACTITIONERS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
HEALTH BUDGETS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE COSTS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE FINANCING
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE PROVISION
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH COSTS
dc.subject
HEALTH COVERAGE
dc.subject
HEALTH ECONOMICS
dc.subject
HEALTH ECONOMISTS
dc.subject
HEALTH EDUCATION
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HEALTH MANPOWER
dc.subject
HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICIES
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
dc.subject
HEALTH PROFESSIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICE
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH STATUS
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM STRENGTHENING
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS RESEARCH
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKFORCE
dc.subject
HIGH WAGES
dc.subject
HOSPITALS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
INCOME EFFECT
dc.subject
INDUCED DEMAND
dc.subject
INFORMAL CARE
dc.subject
INFORMAL ECONOMIES
dc.subject
INFORMAL PAYMENTS
dc.subject
INSURERS
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
ISOLATION
dc.subject
LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET ISSUES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LABOR SHORTAGE
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LABOUR
dc.subject
LEISURE TIME
dc.subject
LIFE YEARS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOW INCOME
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MANAGED CARE
dc.subject
MARGINAL COST
dc.subject
MARGINAL VALUE
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject
MARKET WAGE
dc.subject
MARKET WAGES
dc.subject
MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
dc.subject
MEDICAL CARE
dc.subject
MEDICAL DEVICES
dc.subject
MEDICAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
MEDICAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
MEDICAL SPECIALISTS
dc.subject
MEDICAL SPECIALTIES
dc.subject
MEDICAL TRAINING
dc.subject
MEDICATION
dc.subject
MEDICINES
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MOTIVATION
dc.subject
NATIONAL HEALTH
dc.subject
NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE
dc.subject
NURSES
dc.subject
NURSING
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
OUTPUTS
dc.subject
PATIENT
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PHYSICIAN
dc.subject
PHYSICIANS
dc.subject
PRICE CONTROLS
dc.subject
PRICE ELASTICITY
dc.subject
PRIMARY CARE
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTORS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION PROCESS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PSYCHOLOGISTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
QUALITY OF CARE
dc.subject
RESEARCH PROGRAM
dc.subject
RETIREMENT
dc.subject
SERVANTS
dc.subject
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
dc.subject
SOCIAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
SUPPLY OF DOCTORS
dc.subject
SUPPLY OF HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
SURGERY
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TRADE UNIONS
dc.subject
TREATMENT DECISIONS
dc.subject
TREATMENTS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
VISITS
dc.subject
WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject
WAGE FLEXIBILITY
dc.subject
WASTE
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKFORCE PLANNING
dc.subject
WORKING HOURS
dc.title
Analyzing Markets for Health Workers : Insights from Labor and Health Economics
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2014-06-23
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705163/analyzing-markets-health-workers-insights-labor-health-economics
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0224-9
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000442464_20140623143805
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19705163
okr.identifier.report
88889
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/23/000442464_20140623143805/Rendered/PDF/888890PUB0Box30EPI2102240June122014.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Law and Development :: Health Law
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Health Systems Development and Reform
okr.topic
Health Economics and Finance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Health, Nutrition, and Population (HNP) Global Practice
okr.volume
1 of 1

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