More Power to India : The Challenge of Electricity Distribution

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collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Pargal, Sheoli
dc.contributor.author
Banerjee, Sudeshna Ghosh
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-23T21:50:25Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-23T21:50:25Z
dc.date.issued
2014-06-18
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:49Z
dc.description.abstract
This report assesses progress in implementing the government of India's power sector reform agenda and examines the performance of the sector along different dimensions. India has emphasized that an efficient, resilient, and financially robust power sector is essential for growth and poverty reduction. Almost all investment-climate surveys point to poor availability and quality of power as critical constraints to commercial and manufacturing activity and national competitiveness. Further, more than 300 million Indians live without electricity, and those with power must cope with unreliable supply, pointing to huge unsatisfied demand and restricted consumer welfare. This report reviews the evolution of the Indian power sector since the landmark Electricity Act of 2003, with a focus on distribution as key to the performance and viability of the sector. While all three segments of the power sector (generation, transmission, and distribution) are important, revenues originate with the customer at distribution, so subpar performance there hurts the entire value chain. Persistent operational and financial shortcomings in distribution have repeatedly led to central bailouts for the whole sector, even though power is a concurrent subject under the Indian constitution and distribution is almost entirely under state control. Ominously, the recent sharp increase in private investment and market borrowing means power sector difficulties are more likely to spill over to lenders and affect the broader financial sector. Government-initiated reform efforts first focused on the generation and transmission segments, reflecting the urgent need for adding capacity and evacuating it and the complexity of issues to be addressed at the consumer interface. Consequently, distribution improvements have lagged, but it is now clear that they need to be a priority. This report thus analyzes the multiple sources of weakness in distribution and identifies the key challenges to improving performance in the short and medium term. The report is aimed at policy makers and government officials, academics, and civil society in the fields of energy, governance, and infrastructure economics and finance, as well as private investors and lenders in the energy arena.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19703395/more-power-india-challenge-electricity-distribution
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0233-1
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/ 978-1-4648-0233-1
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18726
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Energy and Mining;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ACTION PLAN
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROGRAM
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AMOUNT OF POWER
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
AUCTIONS
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
BACK UP
dc.subject
BACKUP
dc.subject
BACKUP POWER
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
BALANCE SHEETS
dc.subject
BEST PRACTICES
dc.subject
BIDDING FOR CONCESSIONS
dc.subject
BILL COLLECTION
dc.subject
BLOCK TARIFFS
dc.subject
BUILDING POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
BULK POWER
dc.subject
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
BUSINESS OPERATION
dc.subject
BUYERS
dc.subject
CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKETS
dc.subject
CASH FLOW
dc.subject
CERTIFICATES
dc.subject
CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE
dc.subject
CLEAN ENERGY
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
COLLECTION EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL BANKS
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL BUSINESS
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL RISKS
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE BIDDING
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE POWER MARKETS
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE PROCUREMENT
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
CONSUMER WELFARE
dc.subject
CONVENTIONAL GENERATION
dc.subject
COORDINATION MECHANISMS
dc.subject
COPYRIGHT
dc.subject
COST OF POWER
dc.subject
COST OF SERVICE
dc.subject
COST RECOVERY
dc.subject
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION
dc.subject
CUSTOMER SERVICE
dc.subject
DATA INTEGRITY
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION LOSSES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
DOMAIN
dc.subject
DOMESTIC COAL
dc.subject
DUE DILIGENCE
dc.subject
E-AUCTIONS
dc.subject
E-MAIL
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REFORMS
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY ISSUES
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY CAPACITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY REGULATOR
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SECTOR
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
dc.subject
ELECTRIFICATION
dc.subject
END-USERS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSERVATION
dc.subject
ENERGY MARKETS
dc.subject
ENERGY MIX
dc.subject
ENTERPRISE SURVEY
dc.subject
EXPANSION OF TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
FINANCIAL VIABILITY
dc.subject
FISCAL DEFICIT
dc.subject
FIXED CHARGE
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTORS
dc.subject
FRANCHISEES
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL USE
dc.subject
GENERATING CAPACITY
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
GENERATORS
dc.subject
GLOBAL STANDARDS
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT BONDS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICY
dc.subject
GRID ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
GRID EXTENSION
dc.subject
GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROWTH PATH
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HARMONIZATION
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
IMAGES
dc.subject
INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCERS
dc.subject
INDEPENDENT REGULATION
dc.subject
INFORMATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INNOVATIONS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
INTERFACE
dc.subject
INTERNAL OPERATIONS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BEST PRACTICE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
JOINT VENTURES
dc.subject
KILOWATT-HOUR
dc.subject
LICENSE
dc.subject
LICENSES
dc.subject
LOAD FACTOR
dc.subject
MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS
dc.subject
MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
MANUFACTURING
dc.subject
MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
MINE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
MOBILE PHONES
dc.subject
OPEN ACCESS
dc.subject
OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
OWNERSHIP SHARE
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MEASURES
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE TARGETS
dc.subject
PHOTO
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PILOT PROJECT
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POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
POWER AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
POWER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
POWER CORPORATION
dc.subject
POWER DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
POWER GRID
dc.subject
POWER INDUSTRY
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
POWER PROCUREMENT
dc.subject
POWER PRODUCER
dc.subject
POWER PRODUCERS
dc.subject
POWER PURCHASE
dc.subject
POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
POWER PURCHASE COSTS
dc.subject
POWER PURCHASES
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR REFORM
dc.subject
POWER SHORTAGES
dc.subject
POWER SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
PRIMARY ENERGY
dc.subject
PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY
dc.subject
PRIVATE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE OPERATORS
dc.subject
PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
PROCUREMENT PROCESS
dc.subject
PROFESSIONAL STAFF
dc.subject
PUBLIC FINANCE
dc.subject
PUBLIC INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC POWER
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
QUERIES
dc.subject
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
RELIABILITY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY CAPACITY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION
dc.subject
RESULT
dc.subject
RESULTS
dc.subject
REVENUE COLLECTION
dc.subject
REVENUE SHORTFALLS
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RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
dc.subject
SOLAR ENERGY
dc.subject
SOLAR POWER
dc.subject
SPOT MARKET
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STATE UTILITIES
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject
SUPPLY CONTRACTS
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
TARIFF BIDS
dc.subject
TARIFF BLOCK
dc.subject
TARIFF LEVELS
dc.subject
TARIFF STRUCTURES
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
TELEPHONE
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER PLANT
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
TRANSACTION
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSLATION
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION GRID
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION LINES
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION OWNERS
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL SERVICE
dc.subject
USER
dc.subject
USERS
dc.subject
USES
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
UTILITY OPERATIONS
dc.subject
VALUE CHAIN
dc.subject
VOLTAGE
dc.subject
WIND
dc.title
More Power to India : The Challenge of Electricity Distribution
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-06-20
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19703395/more-power-india-challenge-electricity-distribution
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0233-1
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000456286_20140620091641
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19703395
okr.identifier.report
88906
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/20/000456286_20140620091641/Rendered/PDF/889060PUB0978100Box385252B00PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.relation.associateddataset
http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/variableselection/selectvariables.aspx?source=india-power-sector-review-database
okr.relation.associatedurl
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/18868
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Infrastructure Economics
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: E-Business
okr.topic
Governance :: National Governance
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth
okr.unit
Energy (SASDE)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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