Impact of Improved Stoves on Indoor Air Quality in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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collection.link.263
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17456
collection.name.263
ESMAP papers
dc.contributor.author
Cowlin, Shannon
dc.contributor.author
Kaufmann, Rachel B.
dc.contributor.author
Edwards, Rufus
dc.contributor.author
Smith, Kirk R.
dc.date.accessioned
2014-04-22T20:44:10Z
dc.date.available
2014-04-22T20:44:10Z
dc.date.issued
2005-11
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T05:15:15Z
dc.description.abstract
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is the coldest capital city in the world, with average winter low temperatures of -20° Celsius. Many families there live in gers, traditional Mongolian dwellings consisting of a wooden frame beneath several layers of wool felt. In the ger districts of Ulaanbaatar, cooking and heating energy is provided through indoor coal combustion in metal stoves with chimneys, and in wintertime, such stoves may be in use both day and night. Over the last several years, new stove designs with improved fuel efficiencies have been introduced into many homes. To test the impact of the improved stoves on indoor air quality, 24-hour monitoring of particulate matter (PM) and carbon monoxide (CO) was done in 65 Mongolian gers. The primary analyses focused on 58 households, 20 with original (or traditional-type) stoves, 18 with the improved stove type TT-03, and 20 with the improved stove type G2-2000. In addition to indoor pollutant concentrations, information on other relevant factors was collected, which included home sizes, indoor and outdoor temperatures, age of stove in use, amount of fuel used and number of refuelings, position of monitors relative to chimneys, and number of cigarettes smoked in the home. Analysis of variance showed that these factors did not differ significantly by stove type except that traditional stoves tended to be older than improved stoves. Multivariate regression methods were used to test for statistically significantly different indoor PM and CO concentrations between homes with different stove types while controlling for selected characteristics.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/11/6743802/impact-improved-stoves-indoor-air-quality-ulaanbaatar-mongolia
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18005
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Energy Sector Management Assistance Program working paper series;ESM 313/05
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AIR FLOW
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
AMBIENT AIR
dc.subject
AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
AMBIENT TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
BAFFLES
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
BIOMASS FUEL
dc.subject
BIOMASS FUELS
dc.subject
BOILERS
dc.subject
CANCER
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON MONOXIDE
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COAL COMBUSTION
dc.subject
COAL COMPOSITION
dc.subject
COAL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
COAL USE
dc.subject
COMBUSTION CHAMBER
dc.subject
COMBUSTION CHAMBERS
dc.subject
COMBUSTION PRODUCTS
dc.subject
COOK STOVES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMISTS
dc.subject
ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS OF NITROGEN OXIDES
dc.subject
ENERGY PLANNERS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
FUEL SAVINGS
dc.subject
FUEL USE
dc.subject
FUGITIVE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
HEAT
dc.subject
HEAT LOSS
dc.subject
HEATING ENERGY
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
LOGGING
dc.subject
MONITORING EQUIPMENT
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLES
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
NITROGEN OXIDES
dc.subject
PARTICLE REMOVAL
dc.subject
PARTICULATE
dc.subject
PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject
PARTICULATES
dc.subject
PILOT PROJECTS
dc.subject
PM
dc.subject
POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
POLLUTION LEVELS
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
POWER PLANT
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
PRIMARY FUEL
dc.subject
REDUCING EMISSIONS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
STEAM HEAT
dc.subject
SULFUR
dc.subject
SULFUR DIOXIDE
dc.subject
SUSPENDED PARTICLES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
URBAN AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.title
Impact of Improved Stoves on Indoor Air Quality in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
en
okr.date.disclosure
2006-04-21
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/11/6743802/impact-improved-stoves-indoor-air-quality-ulaanbaatar-mongolia
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Water
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000160016_20060421171709
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
6743802
okr.identifier.report
ESM313
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/04/21/000160016_20060421171709/Rendered/PDF/esm3130PAPER01051Mongolia1IAP01PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Mongolia
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Wastewater Treatment
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Sanitation and Sewerage
okr.topic
Transport
okr.topic
Environment
okr.unit
Office of the Regional Vice Pres (EAPVP)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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