Demographic Transition and the Labor Market in Sri Lanka

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collection.link.248
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/16283
collection.name.248
South Asia Human Development Sector Discussion Papers
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2014-04-22T19:29:52Z
dc.date.available
2014-04-22T19:29:52Z
dc.date.issued
2012-10
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:35Z
dc.description.abstract
Sri Lanka's demographic transition has significantly shaped the age distribution of the labor force and created a large working age population (World Bank 2008). Changing cohort sizes of young and old workers not only affect their own labor market outcomes (job quality, earnings), but also potentially affect growth prospects in the economy. Recovering from a 30-year conflict in the North and the East, Sri Lanka aims to accelerate growth in the medium term by substantially increasing investments. What will be the role of the labor market in delivering this growth? The service sector is expanding and accounts for nearly 60 percent of the Growth Domestic Product (GDP) and almost 40 percent of employment. However, only 56 percent of the working age population is employed, a result of low participation and high unemployment rates among women and youth. Any growth strategy will have to bring in more working age people, particularly women, into economic activity. The paper is organized as follows. The two sections that follow present an overview of the supply and demand side of the labor market. The next section discusses the ways in which the demographic transition could shape the labor market, particularly in terms of unemployment and earnings. This discussion is followed by three sections examining labor force participation and unemployment, job type, and earnings respectively. The last section concludes with some policy recommendations.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/10/17036786/demographic-transition-labor-market-sri-lanka
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17989
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
South Asia Human Development Sector report;no. 41
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT GIRLS
dc.subject
AGE DISTRIBUTION
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AGE GROUP
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AGE GROUPS
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AGGREGATE DEMAND
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ARMED FORCES
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BABIES
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BABY
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BABY BOOM
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BARGAINING INSTITUTIONS
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BASIC WORKER RIGHTS
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BRAIN DRAIN
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CAPITAL INVESTMENT
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CHILD CARE
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CHILD SURVIVAL
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CHILDBEARING
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CLERKS
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COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
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CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA
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DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
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DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES
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DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS
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DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
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DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
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DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
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DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
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DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN
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DOWNWARD PRESSURE
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EARNINGS REGRESSION
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EARNINGS REGRESSIONS
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ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF POPULATION
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ECONOMIC GROWTH
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ECONOMIC THEORY
dc.subject
EDUCATED MOTHERS
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ELDERLY
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EMPLOYEE
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EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
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EMPLOYMENT INCREASE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
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EMPLOYMENT POLICY
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SHARE
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EQUILIBRIUM WAGES
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ETHNIC GROUP
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FAMILY SIZE
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FAMILY SUPPORT
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FAMILY WORK
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FEMALE EDUCATION
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FEMALE EMPLOYMENT
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FEMALE LABOR
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FEMALE LABOR FORCE
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FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
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FEMALE WORK
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FERTILITY
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FERTILITY DECLINE
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FERTILITY RATES
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FEWER CHILDREN
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FIRM SIZE
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FIRST UNEMPLOYMENT SPELL
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GENDER
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GENDER COMPOSITION
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GENDER EQUALITY
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GENDER GAP
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GENDER PARITY
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GENDER WAGE GAPS
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GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
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HEALTH SERVICES
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HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
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HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
HIV
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HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES
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HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
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HUMAN CAPITAL
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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HUMAN RESOURCES
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IMPACT OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
IMPACT OF POPULATION
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INCOME
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INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
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INFORMAL SECTOR
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INFORMAL SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
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INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS
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JOB CREATION
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JOB LOSS
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JOB SEARCH
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JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
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JOB SECURITY
dc.subject
JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject
JOB STATUS
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JOB VACANCIES
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JOBS
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LABOR COSTS
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LABOR DEMAND
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LABOR ECONOMICS
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LABOR FORCE
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LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
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LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
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LABOR MARKET DISCRIMINATION
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LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE
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LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY
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LABOR MARKET OUTCOME
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LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
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LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
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LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LABORERS
dc.subject
LABOUR
dc.subject
LABOUR FORCE
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LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOUR MARKETS
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LABOUR ORGANIZATION
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LAM
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LEGAL STATUS
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LEGISLATORS
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LEVELS OF EDUCATION
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LOCAL LABOR MARKET
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LOW FERTILITY
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MARITAL STATUS
dc.subject
MARRIED WOMEN
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MIGRANTS
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MINIMUM WAGES
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MORTALITY
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NUMBER OF PEOPLE
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NUMBER OF WORKERS
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NURSES
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OCCUPATIONS
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OLDER ADULTS
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OLDER WORKERS
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OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
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PAID WORKERS
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PARTICIPATION BY WOMEN
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PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT
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PERSONNEL
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POLICY IMPLICATIONS
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POLITICAL ECONOMY
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POPULATION CENSUSES
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POPULATION CHANGE
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POPULATION GROWTH
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PRELIMINARY RESULTS
dc.subject
PREVIOUS STUDIES
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PRIVATE COMPANIES
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PRIVATE SECTOR
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PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS
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PROBIT REGRESSION
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROMOTING GENDER EQUITY
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PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES
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PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
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PUBLIC SECTOR JOB
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PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
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REGULAR WORKERS
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REMITTANCES
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RESPECT
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RETAIL TRADE
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RETIREMENT
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SALARIED WORKERS
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SECONDARY LEVELS OF EDUCATION
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SECRETARIES
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SECURITY SITUATION
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SERVICE SECTOR
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SERVICE SECTORS
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SEX
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SKILLED WORKERS
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TEMPORARY WORK
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TEMPORARY WORKERS
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TERTIARY EDUCATION
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TERTIARY LEVEL
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TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
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TOTAL LABOR FORCE
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UNEMPLOYED
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UNEMPLOYMENT
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UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG WOMEN
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UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION
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UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM
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UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
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UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
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UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS
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UNIVERSITY EDUCATION
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UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS
dc.subject
UNPAID WORKERS
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USAID
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VOCATIONAL TRAINING
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WAGE DATA
dc.subject
WAGE DIFFERENTIAL
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WAGE GAP
dc.subject
WAGE PREMIUM
dc.subject
WAGE PREMIUMS
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WAGE SUBSIDIES
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WAR
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WATER SUPPLY
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WDR
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WOMAN
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WORK FORCE
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKING
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YOUNG CHILDREN
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YOUNG MEN
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YOUNG PEOPLE
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YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject
YOUNG WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH LABOR
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YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
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YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.title
Demographic Transition and the Labor Market in Sri Lanka
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2012-12-05
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/10/17036786/demographic-transition-labor-market-sri-lanka
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20121205004148
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17036786
okr.identifier.report
74171
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/12/05/000333037_20121205004148/Rendered/PDF/NonAsciiFileName0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
Sri Lanka
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Work and Working Conditions
okr.unit
Macroeconomics 3 (ECSP3)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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