Youth Employment : A Human Development Agenda for the Next Decade

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collection.link.223
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/13084
collection.name.223
Social Protection and Labor Discussion Papers
dc.contributor.author
Robalino, David
dc.contributor.author
Margolis, David
dc.contributor.author
Rother, Friederike
dc.contributor.author
Newhouse, David
dc.contributor.author
Lundberg, Mattias
dc.date.accessioned
2014-04-07T16:17:58Z
dc.date.available
2014-04-07T16:17:58Z
dc.date.issued
2013-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:39Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper reviews the main challenges facing countries in attempting to improve labor market outcomes among youth, focusing on the issues that became starkly visible during the recent financial crisis. In order to better identify and set up human development interventions, the paper proposes an agenda that focuses on three areas: (1) improving the understanding of the causes and consequences of poor labor market outcomes for youth; (2) continuing to learn from the evaluation of pilots and programs that aim to promote productive employment among young people; and (3) addressing implementation issues which frequently overwhelm the best designs. The paper utilizes research on youth employment to take stock of youth labor market outcomes across regions, focusing on inactivity, unemployment, and employment indicators. A review of what is known about current interventions, including those that appear in the youth employment Inventory database of programs, provides the basis for determining the efficacy of five categories of intervention: (i) skills training (including vocational training, on-the-job-training programs, literacy and numeracy programs, second-chance and equivalency programs, and soft-skills programs); (ii) entrepreneurship promotion (financial assistance, technical assistance, and entrepreneurship training); (iii) subsidized employment (including wage subsidy programs, public works, and public/community service programs); (iv) employment services (including search assistance and access to labor market information, job counseling and placement services, and financial assistance for job search); and (v) reforms to labor market regulation (including anti-discrimination legislation) training programs, wage subsidies. Finally, the paper proposes an agenda for research and policy analysis in the area of human development that is expected to help both deepen the understanding of youth employment issues and improve the selection, design, and implementation of youth employment programs.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/18782037/youth-employment-human-development-agenda-next-decade
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17620
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Social protection and labor discussion paper;no. 1308
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subject
ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject
ADULT WORKERS
dc.subject
AGE COHORT
dc.subject
AGGREGATE DEMAND
dc.subject
BARGAINING POWER
dc.subject
BORROWING
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKETS
dc.subject
CAREER COUNSELING
dc.subject
CLASSROOM TRAINING
dc.subject
COGNITIVE SKILLS
dc.subject
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
dc.subject
CURRICULA
dc.subject
DEADWEIGHT
dc.subject
DEADWEIGHT LOSS
dc.subject
DIRECT JOB CREATION
dc.subject
DISMISSAL
dc.subject
DROPOUTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN
dc.subject
ECONOMIC THEORY
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
EMPLOYABILITY
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OFFICES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SPELLS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT TRAINING
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING
dc.subject
EQUAL TREATMENT
dc.subject
FINDING JOBS
dc.subject
FIRST-TIME JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject
FORMAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
FORMAL LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
GANGS
dc.subject
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
GROUP TRAINING
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
HIGH WAGES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAM
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
INFORMAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
JOB COUNSELING
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
JOB DESTRUCTION
dc.subject
JOB DESTRUCTION RATES
dc.subject
JOB EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
JOB FAIRS
dc.subject
JOB OFFERS
dc.subject
JOB PLACEMENT
dc.subject
JOB PLACEMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
JOB SEEKER
dc.subject
JOB SKILLS
dc.subject
JOB-SEARCH ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
JOB-SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
LABOR CONTRACTS
dc.subject
LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET IMPACT
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET INFORMATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REFORM
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REFORMS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR RESOURCES
dc.subject
LABOUR
dc.subject
LAYOFF
dc.subject
LEADERSHIP
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
LOCAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE
dc.subject
LOCAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICES
dc.subject
LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
MANDATORY SAVINGS
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject
NUMERACY
dc.subject
OCCUPATION
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
OLDER WORKERS
dc.subject
ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
dc.subject
PARTICIPATION RATES
dc.subject
PAYROLL TAXES
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE
dc.subject
PRELIMINARY RESULTS
dc.subject
PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject
PREVIOUS WORK
dc.subject
PREVIOUS WORK EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE COMPANIES
dc.subject
PRIVATE COSTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE TRAINING
dc.subject
PRIVATE TRAINING PROVIDERS
dc.subject
PROCESS EVALUATIONS
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKETS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PROGRAM DESIGN
dc.subject
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS
dc.subject
REGULAR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
REGULAR WORKER
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL YOUTH
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY NETS
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SELF EMPLOYED
dc.subject
SERVANTS
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDER
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SKILLS TRAINING
dc.subject
SMALL BUSINESS
dc.subject
SOCIAL COHESION
dc.subject
SOCIAL COSTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL INCLUSION
dc.subject
STABLE JOBS
dc.subject
SUBSIDIZED EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
SUBSIDIZED EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
SUBSIDIZED WORKER
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION EFFECTS
dc.subject
TEMPORARY INCOME SUPPORT
dc.subject
TEMPORARY JOBS
dc.subject
TRAINING ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TRAINING COMPONENT
dc.subject
TRAINING COSTS
dc.subject
TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
TRAINING PERIOD
dc.subject
TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
TRAINING PROVIDERS
dc.subject
TRAINING SERVICES
dc.subject
TRANSACTIONS COSTS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED WORKERS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED YOUTH
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS
dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
URBAN YOUTH
dc.subject
URBAN YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
WAGE BILL
dc.subject
WAGE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
WAGE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
WAGE SUBSIDY
dc.subject
WAGE SUBSIDY PROGRAMS
dc.subject
WORK EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject
YOUNG WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUTH AGENDA
dc.subject
YOUTH CRIME
dc.subject
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH LABOR
dc.subject
YOUTH POPULATION
dc.subject
YOUTH TRAINING
dc.subject
YOUTH TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.title
Youth Employment : A Human Development Agenda for the Next Decade
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2014-01-10
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/18782037/youth-employment-human-development-agenda-next-decade
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20140110162202
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
18782037
okr.identifier.report
83925
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/01/10/000333037_20140110162202/Rendered/PDF/839250NWP0P1450Box0382116B00PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.sector
Education :: Primary education
okr.sector
Education :: Secondary education
okr.sector
Education :: General education sector
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Other social services
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
okr.theme
Human development :: Education for all
okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Housing and Human Habitats
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements
okr.unit
Social Protection Team (HDNSP)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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