Maternal and Child Mortality Development Goals : What Can the Transport Sector Do?

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collection.link.256
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/16994
collection.name.256
Transport Papers
dc.contributor.author
Babinard, Julie
dc.contributor.author
Roberts, Peter
dc.date.accessioned
2014-03-26T21:21:09Z
dc.date.available
2014-03-26T21:21:09Z
dc.date.issued
2006-08
dc.description.abstract
The reduction of child mortality and the improvement of maternal health are two of the Millennium Development Goals. Child and maternal mortalities continue to represent severe burdens in many developing countries. Every year, 527,000 women in developing countries die of pregnancy-related complications and nearly 4 million children die during their first month (accounting for 40 percent of all deaths under 5 years of age) with nearly all (98 percent) of them in developing countries. The risks of dying from pregnancy-related complications and a child dying under the age of five are highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. The risk of a mother or an infant dying can be significantly reduced by a continuum of basic care, which should include preventive measures and a skilled attendant during childbirth with access to the necessary equipment, drugs, and other supplies for effective management of any pregnancy-related complications. Yet, many women spend excessive time trying to reach a health facility with the capacity to treat obstetric or infant complications. It is estimated that 75 percent of maternal deaths might be prevented through timely access to essential emergency childbirth-related care. This paper focuses on the ways in which transport and road infrastructure play key roles in the overall delivery of and access to health services, and in the effectiveness of the health referral process. Many households do not have the reliable, suitable, and affordable transport services that are essential for access to care during the critical peri-natal and neonatal periods. Emergency access to care is also critical because many childbirth-related complications are unpredictable and the majority of births in developing countries continue to take place at home.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/08/7065270/maternal-child-mortality-development-goals-can-transport-sector
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17413
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Transport papers;no.TP-12
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABORTION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
ACCESSIBILITY
dc.subject
AFFORDABLE TRANSPORT
dc.subject
AGING
dc.subject
AMBULANCE SERVICE
dc.subject
AMBULANCE SERVICES
dc.subject
AMBULANCES
dc.subject
ANESTHESIA
dc.subject
ANTENATAL CARE
dc.subject
BEDS
dc.subject
BEHAVIOR CHANGE
dc.subject
BICYCLES
dc.subject
BIRTH ATTENDANTS
dc.subject
BREASTFEEDING
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
dc.subject
CAUSES OF DEATH
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
CHILD DEATHS
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
CHILDBIRTH
dc.subject
CLINICS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
COST EFFECTIVENESS
dc.subject
COST OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
COUNSELLING
dc.subject
DEATHS OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
DELIVERY CARE
dc.subject
DELIVERY COMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DISABILITIES
dc.subject
DISPENSARIES
dc.subject
DOCTORS
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
ECTOPIC PREGNANCY
dc.subject
EFFICIENT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
EMERGENCIES
dc.subject
EMERGENCY CARE
dc.subject
EMERGENCY TREATMENT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject
ESSENTIAL OBSTETRIC CARE
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FIRST AID
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
GENERAL PRACTITIONERS
dc.subject
GONORRHEA
dc.subject
GYNECOLOGY
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH CENTERS
dc.subject
HEALTH EDUCATION
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITY
dc.subject
HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject
HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
HEALTH POSTS
dc.subject
HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH STATUS
dc.subject
HEALTH STATUS OF MOTHERS
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
HEART DISEASE
dc.subject
HIGH TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HOME DELIVERIES
dc.subject
HOSPITAL
dc.subject
HOSPITAL CARE
dc.subject
HOSPITALS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HYPOTHERMIA
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATIONS
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT DEATHS
dc.subject
INFANT HEALTH
dc.subject
INFANTS
dc.subject
INFECTIONS
dc.subject
INJURY
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POPULATION
dc.subject
LIFETIME RISK
dc.subject
LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
dc.subject
MALARIA
dc.subject
MATERNAL CARE
dc.subject
MATERNAL COMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
MATERNAL DEATH
dc.subject
MATERNAL DEATHS
dc.subject
MATERNAL HEALTH
dc.subject
MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITIES
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIOS
dc.subject
MEDICAL FACILITIES
dc.subject
MEDICAL STAFF
dc.subject
MEDICAL SUPPLIES
dc.subject
MIDWIFE
dc.subject
MIDWIFERY
dc.subject
MIDWIVES
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MOBILE CLINICS
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
MORBIDITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY REDUCTION
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLE
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLES
dc.subject
NATIONAL HEALTH
dc.subject
NEONATAL CARE
dc.subject
NEONATAL DEATH
dc.subject
NEONATAL HEALTH
dc.subject
NEONATAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
NEONATAL PERIOD
dc.subject
NEONATAL TETANUS
dc.subject
NEWBORN
dc.subject
NEWBORN CARE
dc.subject
NEWBORN HEALTH
dc.subject
NEWBORNS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF BIRTHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF DEATHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
NURSE
dc.subject
NURSES
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES
dc.subject
OBSTETRIC CARE
dc.subject
PATIENT
dc.subject
PATIENT CARE
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PEDIATRICS
dc.subject
POOR FAMILIES
dc.subject
POOR NUTRITION
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
POSTABORTION
dc.subject
POSTABORTION COUNSELING
dc.subject
POSTNATAL CARE
dc.subject
POSTPARTUM CARE
dc.subject
POSTPARTUM PERIOD
dc.subject
PREGNANCIES
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
PREGNANCY-RELATED CAUSES
dc.subject
PREVENTABLE DISEASE
dc.subject
PROBABILITY
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject
PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL
dc.subject
QUALITY CARE
dc.subject
REDUCING MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
REFERRAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
REFERRAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
RISK OF DEATH
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
RURAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RURAL WOMEN
dc.subject
SAFE CHILDBIRTH
dc.subject
SAFE MOTHERHOOD
dc.subject
SCREENING
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
SKILLED ATTENDANT
dc.subject
SKILLED CARE
dc.subject
SKILLED HEALTH PERSONNEL
dc.subject
SKILLED PROFESSIONALS
dc.subject
SOCIAL FACTORS
dc.subject
STILLBIRTH
dc.subject
SURGERY
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT
dc.subject
SYPHILIS
dc.subject
TERTIARY LEVEL
dc.subject
TETANUS
dc.subject
TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT ACCESS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MEASURES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT STRATEGY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRAVEL TIME
dc.subject
TRAVEL TIMES
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL
dc.subject
UMBILICAL CORD
dc.subject
UNSAFE ABORTION
dc.subject
URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject
VEHICLE FLEET
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
WALKING
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.title
Maternal and Child Mortality Development Goals : What Can the Transport Sector Do?
en
okr.date.disclosure
2006-09-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/08/7065270/maternal-child-mortality-development-goals-can-transport-sector
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000160016_20060919131433
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
7065270
okr.identifier.report
37366
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/09/19/000160016_20060919131433/Rendered/PDF/373660tp120Mat1development01PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Health Systems Development and Reform
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Transport
okr.volume
1 of 1

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