"They Are Not Like Us" : Understanding Social Exclusion

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Lakhani, Sadaf
dc.contributor.author
Sacks, Audrey
dc.contributor.author
Heltberg, Rasmus
dc.date.accessioned
2014-03-18T21:51:10Z
dc.date.available
2014-03-18T21:51:10Z
dc.date.issued
2014-02
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:37Z
dc.description.abstract
Negative attitudes toward groups in society are widespread and underpin systematic processes of social exclusion that marginalize people and deny them opportunities and dignity. This paper looks at the processes underlying social exclusion. It uses data covering Eastern Europe and Central Asia to study the responses to a simple hypothetical survey question about which specific groups respondents would not like to have as neighbors. Unwelcoming attitudes toward groups such as immigrants, ethnic minorities, the poor, HIV+ individuals, and others are surprisingly common. These attitudes fall into three distinct clusters: intolerance for the poor and for different lifecycle stages; intolerance toward stigmatized attributes and behaviors; and intolerance toward specific identity groups. An empirical analysis of the determinants of attitudes shows that country-specific factors are far more important than socio-economic characteristics. These findings could have important implications for theories about exclusion and for the design of appropriate social inclusion policies. The authors argue that strategies to address social exclusion need to consider ways to change social norms, attitudes, and behaviors toward disadvantaged groups. The paper explores potential entry points for change within formal and informal institutions.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/02/19059914/not-like-understanding-social-exclusion
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17340
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6783
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ADAPTATION
dc.subject
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
dc.subject
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICIES
dc.subject
AGGRESSIVE
dc.subject
ALCOHOLICS
dc.subject
ANTI-DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
ANTI-DISCRIMINATION POLICY
dc.subject
BABIES
dc.subject
BABY
dc.subject
BARRIER
dc.subject
BEHAVIORAL TRAITS
dc.subject
BIRTH CONTROL
dc.subject
BISEXUAL
dc.subject
BRAIN RESEARCH
dc.subject
CANCERS
dc.subject
CASTE DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
CASTE SYSTEM
dc.subject
CASTE SYSTEMS
dc.subject
CASTES
dc.subject
CENSUSES
dc.subject
CHARITY
dc.subject
CHILD BIRTH
dc.subject
CHILD BIRTH COMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CIVIL RIGHTS
dc.subject
CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION
dc.subject
CONFLICT
dc.subject
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
CULTURAL DISTANCE
dc.subject
CULTURAL GROUP
dc.subject
CULTURES
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject
DIGNITY
dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED GROUP
dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED GROUPS
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATORY BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATORY SOCIAL PRACTICES
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF POWER
dc.subject
DIVERSE GROUP
dc.subject
DRUG USERS
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
ELDERLY
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ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject
ELITES
dc.subject
ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS
dc.subject
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
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EQUALITY
dc.subject
ESSENTIAL HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUP
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject
ETHNIC MINORITIES
dc.subject
ETHNICITY
dc.subject
EXERCISES
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
dc.subject
FRIENDS
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GENDER NORMS
dc.subject
GENITAL MUTILATION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
GROUP MEMBERS
dc.subject
GYPSIES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH CENTERS
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH PROVIDERS
dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV/AIDS
dc.subject
HOMOSEXUALS
dc.subject
HOSPITAL
dc.subject
HOSPITAL BEDS
dc.subject
HOSPITALS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject
IDENTITY
dc.subject
ILLITERATE WOMAN
dc.subject
ILLNESSES
dc.subject
IMMIGRANT
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject
IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INDIGENOUS WOMEN
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
INTOLERANCE
dc.subject
ISOLATION
dc.subject
KINSHIP
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject
LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEGAL REFORM
dc.subject
LIFE CYCLE
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
MASS MEDIA
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
MENTAL ILLNESSES
dc.subject
MIDWIFE
dc.subject
MIDWIVES
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MINORITY
dc.subject
MINORITY GROUPS
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MOVEMENTS
dc.subject
NATIONAL LAWS
dc.subject
NATIONALITY
dc.subject
NEGATIVE ATTITUDES
dc.subject
NURSES
dc.subject
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
PARTICIPATORY MANNER
dc.subject
PATIENT
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PERSONAL BELIEF
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY LEVEL
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POLITICAL CHANGE
dc.subject
POLITICAL PARTY
dc.subject
POLITICAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
POOR HEALTH
dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
POPULATION DATA
dc.subject
POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PREJUDICE
dc.subject
PREJUDICES
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROVISION OF CARE
dc.subject
PSYCHOLOGISTS
dc.subject
PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
QUALITY OF CARE
dc.subject
RACE
dc.subject
RACES
dc.subject
RACIAL GROUP
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS GROUPS
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
ROLE MODELS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
SCHOOL SETTINGS
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SELF-CONFIDENCE
dc.subject
SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDER
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SEXUAL ORIENTATION
dc.subject
SIGNIFICANT POLICY
dc.subject
SKIN COLOR
dc.subject
SOCIAL ATTITUDES
dc.subject
SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject
SOCIAL CONVENTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL CONVENTIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL EXCLUSION
dc.subject
SOCIAL GROUP
dc.subject
SOCIAL GROUPS
dc.subject
SOCIAL HIERARCHIES
dc.subject
SOCIAL IDENTITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL INCLUSION
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL ISSUES
dc.subject
SOCIAL LIFE
dc.subject
SOCIAL MARKETING
dc.subject
SOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENTISTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL STATUS
dc.subject
SOCIAL STRATA
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SOCIALIZATION
dc.subject
SOCIETIES
dc.subject
SOCIETY
dc.subject
STEREOTYPES
dc.subject
STEREOTYPING
dc.subject
SUFFERING
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TOLERANCE
dc.subject
TRADITIONS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNIONS
dc.subject
UNIVERSALISM
dc.subject
UNMARRIED COUPLES
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
WOMEN IN LABOR
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.title
"They Are Not Like Us" : Understanding Social Exclusion
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Fragility, Conflict, and Violence
okr.date.disclosure
2014-02-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/02/19059914/not-like-understanding-social-exclusion
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6784
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20140220140839
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19059914
okr.identifier.report
WPS6784
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/02/20/000158349_20140220140839/Rendered/PDF/WPS6784.pdf
en
okr.region.geographical
Central Asia
okr.region.geographical
Eastern Europe
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Social Inclusion and Institutions
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Social Development :: Race in Society
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Disability
okr.unit
Social Development Unit, Sustainable Development Network
okr.volume
1 of 1

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