Right to Work? Assessing India's Employment Guarantee Scheme in Bihar

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collection.link.52
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2160
collection.name.52
Equity and Development
dc.contributor.author
Dutta, Puja
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Murgai, Rinku
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Ravallion, Martin
en_US
dc.contributor.author
van de Walle, Dominique
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2014-02-27T17:45:38Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2014-02-27T17:45:38Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2014-02-26
en_US
dc.description.abstract
India’s 2005 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act creates a justiciable 'right to work' by promising up to 100 days of wage employment per year to all rural households whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Work is provided in public works projects at the stipulated minimum wage. This study asks: Are the conditions stipulated by the Act met in practice? How much impact on poverty do the earnings from the scheme have? Why might that impact fall short of its potential? How can the scheme bridge that gap? The bulk of the study focuses on the scheme’s performance in one of India’s poorest states, Bihar, where one would hope that a scheme such as this would help reduce poverty. The study finds that the scheme is falling well short of its potential impact on poverty in Bihar. Analysis of the study’s survey data points to a number of reasons. Workers are not getting all the work they want, and they are not getting the full wages due. And participation in the scheme is far from costless to them. Many report that they had to give up some other income-earning activity when they took up work. The unmet demand for work is the single most important policy-relevant factor in accounting for the gap between actual performance and the scheme’s potential impact on poverty. The study finds that there is very low public awareness of what needs to be done to obtain work. The study uses a randomized control trial of an awareness intervention—a specially designed fictional movie—to show how knowledge of rights and processes can be enhanced, as a key step toward better performance. While the movie was effective in raising awareness, it had little discernible effect on actions such as seeking employment when needed. This suggests that supply-side constraints must also be addressed, in addition to raising public awareness. A number of specific supply-side constraints to work provision are identified, including poor implementation capacity, weak financial management and monitoring systems.
en_US
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0130-3
en_US
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-1-4648-0130-3
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17195
en_US
dc.language.iso
en_US
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Equity and Development;
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
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dc.subject
awareness campaign
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dc.subject
Bihar
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dc.subject
foregone income
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dc.subject
MGNREGS
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dc.subject
Mahadalits
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dc.subject
poverty reduction
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dc.subject
public employment
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dc.subject
public works
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dc.subject
workfare
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dc.title
Right to Work? Assessing India's Employment Guarantee Scheme in Bihar
en_US
okr.date.disclosure
2014-02-27
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
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okr.globalpractice
Poverty
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0130-3
en_US
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
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okr.region.administrative
South Asia
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okr.region.country
India
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okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: Law and justice
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okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
en_US
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Equity and Development
en_US
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Living Standards
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Reduction Strategies
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okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Labor Markets
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Law
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
en_US
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Wages, Compensation & Benefits
en_US
okr.unit
SASEP
en_US

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