Right to Work? Assessing India's Employment Guarantee Scheme in Bihar

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collection.link.52
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2160
collection.name.52
Equity and Development
dc.contributor.author
Dutta, Puja
dc.contributor.author
Murgai, Rinku
dc.contributor.author
Ravallion, Martin
dc.contributor.author
van de Walle, Dominique
dc.date.accessioned
2014-02-27T17:45:38Z
dc.date.available
2014-02-27T17:45:38Z
dc.date.issued
2014-02-26
dc.description.abstract
India’s 2005 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act creates a justiciable 'right to work' by promising up to 100 days of wage employment per year to all rural households whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Work is provided in public works projects at the stipulated minimum wage. This study asks: Are the conditions stipulated by the Act met in practice? How much impact on poverty do the earnings from the scheme have? Why might that impact fall short of its potential? How can the scheme bridge that gap? The bulk of the study focuses on the scheme’s performance in one of India’s poorest states, Bihar, where one would hope that a scheme such as this would help reduce poverty. The study finds that the scheme is falling well short of its potential impact on poverty in Bihar. Analysis of the study’s survey data points to a number of reasons. Workers are not getting all the work they want, and they are not getting the full wages due. And participation in the scheme is far from costless to them. Many report that they had to give up some other income-earning activity when they took up work. The unmet demand for work is the single most important policy-relevant factor in accounting for the gap between actual performance and the scheme’s potential impact on poverty. The study finds that there is very low public awareness of what needs to be done to obtain work. The study uses a randomized control trial of an awareness intervention—a specially designed fictional movie—to show how knowledge of rights and processes can be enhanced, as a key step toward better performance. While the movie was effective in raising awareness, it had little discernible effect on actions such as seeking employment when needed. This suggests that supply-side constraints must also be addressed, in addition to raising public awareness. A number of specific supply-side constraints to work provision are identified, including poor implementation capacity, weak financial management and monitoring systems.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0130-3
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-1-4648-0130-3
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17195
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Equity and Development;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
awareness campaign
dc.subject
Bihar
dc.subject
foregone income
dc.subject
MGNREGS
dc.subject
Mahadalits
dc.subject
poverty reduction
dc.subject
public employment
dc.subject
public works
dc.subject
workfare
dc.title
Right to Work? Assessing India's Employment Guarantee Scheme in Bihar
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-02-27
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0130-3
okr.language.supported
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: Law and justice
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Equity and Development
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Living Standards
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Reduction Strategies
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Law
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Wages, Compensation & Benefits
okr.unit
SASEP

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