Publication: Toolkit for the Analysis of Current Account Imbalances
The fluctuating economies and differing experiences of countries before and after the economic crisis of 2008 indicate a complex network of possible influences. Persistent current account deficits and exchange rate misalignments frequently presage disruptive economic trends. The result can be external crises, exchange rate collapses, vulnerability to sudden stops, current account reversals, and economic slowdowns. When a growing number of countries run external deficits, investigation of the causes is warranted. It is crucial to understand the drivers of persistent current account deficits; the relative importance of cyclical and structural factors; conditions that imply external sustainability; sources of sustainable financing for the deficit; and steps governments can take to narrow the imbalance. This toolkit presents a framework that can be used to assess a country's external situation through the lens of the current and financial accounts. The framework is divided into three components: current account outcome analysis, current account diagnostics, and economic policy.
“Cusolito, Ana Paula; Nedeljkovic, Milan. 2013. Toolkit for the Analysis of Current Account Imbalances. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17005 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”