Does Migration Foster Exports? Evidence from Africa

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Ehrhart, Hélène
dc.contributor.author
Le Goff, Maëlan
dc.contributor.author
Rocher, Emmanuel
dc.contributor.author
Singh, Raju Jan
dc.date.accessioned
2014-02-03T20:06:04Z
dc.date.available
2014-02-03T20:06:04Z
dc.date.issued
2014-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:33Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper aims at assessing the impact of migration on export performance and more particularly the effect of African migrants on African trade. Relying on a new data set on international bilateral migration recently released by the World Bank spanning from 1980 to 2010, the authors estimate a gravity model that deals satisfactorily with endogeneity. The results first indicate that the pro-trade effect of migration is higher for African countries, a finding that can be partly explained by the substitution between migrants and institutions (the existence of migrant networks compensating for weak contract enforcement, for instance). This positive association is particularly important for the exports of differentiated products, suggesting that migrants also play an important role in reducing information costs. Moreover, focusing on intra-African trade, the pro-trade effect of African migrants is larger when migrants are established in a more geographically and ethnically distant country. All these findings highlight the ability of African migrants to help overcome some of the main barriers to African trade: the weakness of institutions, information costs, cultural differences, and lack of trust.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/18757846/migration-foster-exports-evidence-africa
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16810
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6739
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO TRADE
dc.subject
BILATERAL AGREEMENT
dc.subject
BILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject
BRAIN DRAIN
dc.subject
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CITIZENSHIP
dc.subject
COMMODITIES
dc.subject
CONSUMER GOODS
dc.subject
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
COST REDUCTION
dc.subject
COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
COUNTRY FIXED EFFECTS
dc.subject
COUNTRY OF DESTINATION
dc.subject
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
COUNTRY RISK
dc.subject
COUNTRY TO COUNTRY
dc.subject
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DIRECT ACCESS
dc.subject
DISSEMINATION
dc.subject
ECONOMETRICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC HISTORY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUP
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject
EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS FOR PRODUCTS
dc.subject
EXPORT PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EXPORTERS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
FREE TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subject
FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GLOBAL EXPORTS
dc.subject
GRAVITY EQUATION
dc.subject
GRAVITY MODEL
dc.subject
GRAVITY MODELS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
HOME COUNTRY
dc.subject
HOST COUNTRIES
dc.subject
HOST COUNTRY
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS LEGISLATION
dc.subject
IMMIGRANT
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
IMPACT OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
IMPACT OF TRADE
dc.subject
IMPACT OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
IMPORTS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADING
dc.subject
INTRAREGIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LDCS
dc.subject
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
LEGAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
MARKET INFORMATION
dc.subject
MARKET RISKS
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRANT POPULATIONS
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION DATA
dc.subject
MOVEMENTS OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject
NATIONAL BORDERS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF MIGRANTS
dc.subject
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
dc.subject
OPPORTUNISTIC BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
PATTERN OF TRADE
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
RECENT IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
REGIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
REPUTATION
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subject
TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
TRADE COSTS
dc.subject
TRADE CREATION
dc.subject
TRADE EFFECT
dc.subject
TRADE FACILITATION
dc.subject
TRADE FLOWS
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
TRADE MISSIONS
dc.subject
TRADE PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
TRADE RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
UNDOCUMENTED MIGRATION
dc.subject
VALUE OF EXPORTS
dc.subject
VALUE OF TRADE
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
dc.subject
WTO
dc.title
Does Migration Foster Exports? Evidence from Africa
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-01-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/18757846/migration-foster-exports-evidence-africa
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6739
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20140106132715
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
18757846
okr.identifier.report
WPS6739
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/01/06/000158349_20140106132715/Rendered/PDF/WPS6739.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Africa
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Free Trade
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth
okr.unit
Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit, Africa Region
okr.volume
1 of 1

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