Potential Impact of Climate Change on Resilience and Livelihoods in Mixed Crop-Livestock Systems in East Africa

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collection.link.13
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2114
collection.name.13
Other Environmental Study
dc.contributor.author
Herrero, Mario
dc.contributor.author
Jones, Peter G
dc.contributor.author
Karanja, Stanley
dc.contributor.author
Mutie, Ianetta
dc.contributor.author
Rufino, Mariana C
dc.contributor.author
Thornton, Philip K
dc.date.accessioned
2014-01-30T19:31:56Z
dc.date.available
2014-01-30T19:31:56Z
dc.date.issued
2013-02-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:32Z
dc.description.abstract
Climate-induced livelihood transitions in the agricultural systems of Africa are increasingly likely. A recent study by Jones and Thornton (2009) points to the possibility of such climate-induced livelihood transitions in the mixed crop-livestock rainfed arid-semiarid systems of Africa. These mixed systems cover over one million square kilometers of farmland in West Africa, Eastern Africa, and Southeastern Africa. Their characteristically scant rainfall usually causes crop failure in one out of every six growing seasons and is thus already marginal for crop production. Under many projected climate futures, these systems will become drier and even more marginal for crop production. This will greatly increase the risk of cropping and among the several possible coping and adaptation mechanisms, (e.g. totally abandoning farming, diversification of income-generating activities such as migration and off-farm employment, etc.) agro-pastoralists may alter the relative emphasis that they currently place on the crop and livestock components of the farming system in favor of livestock. There has been only limited analysis on what such climate induced transitions might look like, but it is clear that the implications could be profound in relation to social, environmental, economic and political effects at local and national levels. This study sought to identify areas in the mixed crop-livestock systems in arid and semi-arid Africa where climate change could compel currently sedentary farmers to abandon cropping and to turn to nomadic pastoralism as a livelihood strategy, using East Africa as a case study. While the current study found no direct evidence for the hypothesized extensification across semiarid areas in East Africa, it is clear that systems are in transition with associated changes not necessarily climate driven but linked to broader socio-economic trends. Not surprisingly, many of the households in the piloted sites face a wide array of problems including poverty, food insecurity and inadequate diets which will be aggravated by the looming risks posed by climate change.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/02/18612467/potential-impact-climate-change-resilience-livelihoods-mixed-crop-livestock-systems-east-africa
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16741
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACACIA
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL IMPACT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SOIL
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL TRADE
dc.subject
ANIMAL
dc.subject
ANIMAL FEED
dc.subject
ANIMAL MANURE
dc.subject
ANIMAL PRODUCTS
dc.subject
ANNUAL RAINFALL
dc.subject
APHIDS
dc.subject
ASSESSMENT REPORT
dc.subject
BANANAS
dc.subject
BEANS
dc.subject
BIRDS
dc.subject
BREEDING
dc.subject
BREEDS
dc.subject
BURNING
dc.subject
CAMELS
dc.subject
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
dc.subject
CASH CROPS
dc.subject
CASH INCOME
dc.subject
CASHEW NUTS
dc.subject
CASSAVA
dc.subject
CATTLE
dc.subject
CATTLE OWNERS
dc.subject
CEREALS
dc.subject
CHICKEN
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATE VARIABILITY
dc.subject
CLIMATES
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATIC EVENTS
dc.subject
COFFEE
dc.subject
COMMUNAL LAND
dc.subject
CONSERVANCY
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
COTTON
dc.subject
COWPEAS
dc.subject
CROP
dc.subject
CROP AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
CROP DISEASES
dc.subject
CROP FAILURE
dc.subject
CROP INCOME
dc.subject
CROP LAND
dc.subject
CROP MODELS
dc.subject
CROP PESTS
dc.subject
CROP PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CROP PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
CROP RESIDUES
dc.subject
CROP SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject
CROP SUITABILITY
dc.subject
CROP YIELDS
dc.subject
CROP-LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CROP-LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS
dc.subject
CROPLAND
dc.subject
CROPPING
dc.subject
CROPPING SEASONS
dc.subject
CROPPING SYSTEMS
dc.subject
CROPS
dc.subject
CULTIVARS
dc.subject
CULTIVATION
dc.subject
DAILY RAINFALL
dc.subject
DAIRY
dc.subject
DAIRY PRODUCTION
dc.subject
DAM
dc.subject
DIET
dc.subject
DRAFT ANIMALS
dc.subject
DRAFT POWER
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
DRY SEASON
dc.subject
EAST COAST FEVER
dc.subject
ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF DROUGHT
dc.subject
ELEPHANTS
dc.subject
EXOTIC BREEDS
dc.subject
EXTENSION SERVICES
dc.subject
FAO
dc.subject
FARM
dc.subject
FARM ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
FARM EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
FARM INCOME
dc.subject
FARM LAND
dc.subject
FARM PRODUCE
dc.subject
FARM PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FARMER
dc.subject
FARMING SYSTEM
dc.subject
FARMING SYSTEMS
dc.subject
FARMLAND
dc.subject
FARMS
dc.subject
FEED
dc.subject
FEED RESOURCES
dc.subject
FEEDS
dc.subject
FENCING
dc.subject
FERTILISERS
dc.subject
FERTILIZER
dc.subject
FERTILIZER TREATMENTS
dc.subject
FLOCK
dc.subject
FLOCK SIZE
dc.subject
FLOCKS
dc.subject
FLOUR
dc.subject
FOOD AID
dc.subject
FOOD AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FOOD CROPS
dc.subject
FOOD DEFICIT
dc.subject
FOOD DEFICITS
dc.subject
FOOD INSECURITY
dc.subject
FOOD PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY
dc.subject
FOOD SHORTAGES
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST PRODUCTS
dc.subject
FRUITS
dc.subject
GAZELLES
dc.subject
GENETIC
dc.subject
GOAT
dc.subject
GOATS
dc.subject
GRAIN
dc.subject
GRAIN CROPS
dc.subject
GRAIN YIELDS
dc.subject
GRAINS
dc.subject
GRASSES
dc.subject
GRAZING
dc.subject
GRAZING AREA
dc.subject
GROUNDNUT
dc.subject
GROUNDNUTS
dc.subject
GROWING SEASON
dc.subject
HERBICIDES
dc.subject
HERD SIZE
dc.subject
HERDERS
dc.subject
HERDS
dc.subject
HORTICULTURAL CROPS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD FOOD
dc.subject
HUMAN POPULATION
dc.subject
HUMAN POPULATION DENSITIES
dc.subject
HUMAN POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
HUMAN POPULATION PRESSURE
dc.subject
HYBRID
dc.subject
HYBRID SEEDS
dc.subject
IMPROVED FEEDING
dc.subject
INCOME GENERATION
dc.subject
INCOMES
dc.subject
INTEGRATION
dc.subject
INTERCROPPING
dc.subject
ISSUES
dc.subject
LAKE
dc.subject
LAND FOR LIVESTOCK
dc.subject
LAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
LAND RESOURCES
dc.subject
LEGUMES
dc.subject
LEOPARDS
dc.subject
LIVELIHOODS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK COMPONENTS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK DEATHS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK DENSITIES
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK DISEASES
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK FARMERS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK FARMING
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK GRAZING
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK HEALTH
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK INCOME
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK INSURANCE
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK INTERACTIONS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK KEEPERS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK KEEPING
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK MARKET
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK MARKETS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK MOBILITY
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK MORTALITY
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK NUMBERS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK OWNERS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK POPULATIONS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK PRICES
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK PRODUCT
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
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LIVESTOCK PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK RESEARCH
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK SPECIES
dc.subject
LOCAL BUTCHERS
dc.subject
LOCAL FARMERS
dc.subject
LOSS OF CROPLAND
dc.subject
LOW MILK YIELDS
dc.subject
MAIZE
dc.subject
MANGOES
dc.subject
MANURE
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
MEAT
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MILK
dc.subject
MILK SALES
dc.subject
MILLET
dc.subject
MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
NATIONAL PARK
dc.subject
NOMADIC PASTORALISM
dc.subject
NOMADIC PASTORALISTS
dc.subject
ONIONS
dc.subject
PARK AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
PASTORALISTS
dc.subject
PASTURE
dc.subject
PASTURES
dc.subject
PESTICIDE
dc.subject
PIGS
dc.subject
PLANT
dc.subject
PLANTING
dc.subject
PLANTING DATES
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITIES
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POULTRY
dc.subject
PRODUCE
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COST
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
PRUNING
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RAINFALL
dc.subject
RAINFALL AREAS
dc.subject
RAINFED AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
RANGELAND
dc.subject
RESISTANCE TO DROUGHT
dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROOTING
dc.subject
SAFETY NETS
dc.subject
SEED
dc.subject
SEEDS
dc.subject
SESAME
dc.subject
SHEEP
dc.subject
SISAL
dc.subject
SMALL RUMINANTS
dc.subject
SOIL CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
SOIL FERTILITY
dc.subject
SOILS
dc.subject
SORGHUM
dc.subject
STALL FEEDING
dc.subject
SUGAR
dc.subject
SUGARCANE
dc.subject
SWEET POTATOES
dc.subject
TREE
dc.subject
TREE CROPS
dc.subject
TREES
dc.subject
VEGETABLES
dc.subject
VEGETATION
dc.subject
VETERINARY
dc.subject
VETERINARY DEPARTMENT
dc.subject
VETERINARY DRUGS
dc.subject
VETERINARY SERVICES
dc.subject
VILLAGES
dc.subject
WATER HARVESTING
dc.subject
WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject
WATER SHORTAGES
dc.subject
WATER STORAGE
dc.subject
WILD ANIMALS
dc.subject
WILDLIFE
dc.subject
WILDLIFE POPULATIONS
dc.subject
WOOD
dc.subject
WOODLAND
dc.subject
WOODLANDS
dc.subject
WOOL
dc.subject
WORMS
dc.subject
ZEBRAS
dc.title
Potential Impact of Climate Change on Resilience and Livelihoods in Mixed Crop-Livestock Systems in East Africa
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2013-12-06
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/02/18612467/potential-impact-climate-change-resilience-livelihoods-mixed-crop-livestock-systems-east-africa
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20131206144839
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
18612467
okr.identifier.report
83198
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/12/06/000333037_20131206144839/Rendered/PDF/831980WP0Clima00Box379886B00PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
East Africa
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry::Crops
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry::Animal production
okr.theme
Rural development::Rural policies and institutions
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management::Climate change
okr.topic
Livestock and Animal Husbandry
okr.topic
Crops and Crop Management Systems
okr.topic
Environment :: Wildlife Resources
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Climate Change and Agriculture
okr.topic
Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems
okr.unit
Agriculture & Environmental Serv (AES)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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