Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa : Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access

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dc.contributor.author
Gelvanovska, Natalija
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Rogy, Michel
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dc.contributor.author
Rossotto, Carlo Maria
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dc.date.accessioned
2014-01-29T20:15:38Z
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dc.date.available
2014-01-29T20:15:38Z
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dc.date.issued
2014-01-29
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dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0112-9
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dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-1-4648-0112-9
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16680
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dc.description.abstract
Just as the steam engine was the driving force behind the Industrial Revolution, broadband Internet is today seen as critical to the transition to knowledge-intensive economies across the world. As a general purpose technology, broadband Internet is considered as a fundamental driver of economic growth and social development, releasing the innovative potential and energy of previously disenfranchised members of the population. Many of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) now recognize that broadband Internet is crucial to their efforts to reduce poverty and create job opportunities, especially for their young populations and for women. The report re-emphasizes the important contribution that broadband Internet can make and assesses the status of existing infrastructure in at least 18 MENA countries. While there is significant potential across the region, however, the take-up of broadband Internet has been slow, and the price of broadband service is high in many countries. In large part, this stems from market structures that, too often, reflect the past when telecommunications were treated as a monopoly utility service. The report finds that there are gaps in infrastructure regionally with no connectivity between neighboring countries in some cases. Similarly, there are gaps within countries exacerbating the (digital) divide between rural and urban areas. The report examines the regulatory and market bottlenecks that are hampering the growth of the Internet in these and other MENA countries: the five North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Libya, Tunisia); the six Mashreq countries (the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank and Gaza economy); the six Gulf countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates); and Djibouti and the Republic of Yemen. The report provides policy and regulatory options for increasing effective use of existing fixed and mobile infrastructure as well as alternative infrastructure networks such as power grids and railroads. It explains the benefits of effective cross-sector infrastructure construction frameworks, highlighting the need to adjust market structures to foster competitive behavior among service providers to bring down prices and stimulate the demand for value-added services to drive future broadband development.
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dc.language.iso
en_US
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Communication and Information Technologies;
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
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dc.subject
backbone
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dc.subject
broadband affordability
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dc.subject
cross sector infrastructure sharing
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dc.subject
economic impact of broadband
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dc.subject
fixed broadband
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dc.subject
infrastructure
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dc.subject
infrastructure sharing
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dc.subject
international connectivity
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dc.subject
mobile broadband
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dc.subject
public private partnership
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dc.subject
utility company
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dc.title
Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa : Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access
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okr.date.disclosure
2014-02-06
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okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: ICT Policy and Strategies
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okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Poverty Reduction & ICT
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okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Telecommunications Infrastructure
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okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Infrastructure Economics
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okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Private Participation in Infrastructure
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okr.topic
Private Sector Development
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okr.sector
Information and communications :: Telecommunications
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okr.sector
Information and communications :: General information and communications sector
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okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
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okr.region.geographical
North Africa
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okr.region.geographical
Middle East
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okr.identifier.report
84356
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okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0112-9
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okr.unit
TWICT
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okr.region.country
Algeria
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okr.region.country
Egypt, Arab Republic of
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okr.region.country
Jordan
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okr.region.country
Liberia
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okr.region.country
Morocco
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
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okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Public-Private Partnerships
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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