Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa : Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access

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collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Gelvanovska, Natalija
dc.contributor.author
Rogy, Michel
dc.contributor.author
Rossotto, Carlo Maria
dc.date.accessioned
2014-01-29T20:15:38Z
dc.date.available
2014-01-29T20:15:38Z
dc.date.issued
2014-01-29
dc.description.abstract
Just as the steam engine was the driving force behind the Industrial Revolution, broadband Internet is today seen as critical to the transition to knowledge-intensive economies across the world. As a general purpose technology, broadband Internet is considered as a fundamental driver of economic growth and social development, releasing the innovative potential and energy of previously disenfranchised members of the population. Many of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) now recognize that broadband Internet is crucial to their efforts to reduce poverty and create job opportunities, especially for their young populations and for women. The report re-emphasizes the important contribution that broadband Internet can make and assesses the status of existing infrastructure in at least 18 MENA countries. While there is significant potential across the region, however, the take-up of broadband Internet has been slow, and the price of broadband service is high in many countries. In large part, this stems from market structures that, too often, reflect the past when telecommunications were treated as a monopoly utility service. The report finds that there are gaps in infrastructure regionally with no connectivity between neighboring countries in some cases. Similarly, there are gaps within countries exacerbating the (digital) divide between rural and urban areas. The report examines the regulatory and market bottlenecks that are hampering the growth of the Internet in these and other MENA countries: the five North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Libya, Tunisia); the six Mashreq countries (the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank and Gaza economy); the six Gulf countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates); and Djibouti and the Republic of Yemen. The report provides policy and regulatory options for increasing effective use of existing fixed and mobile infrastructure as well as alternative infrastructure networks such as power grids and railroads. It explains the benefits of effective cross-sector infrastructure construction frameworks, highlighting the need to adjust market structures to foster competitive behavior among service providers to bring down prices and stimulate the demand for value-added services to drive future broadband development.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0112-9
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-1-4648-0112-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16680
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Communication and Information Technologies;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
backbone
dc.subject
broadband affordability
dc.subject
cross sector infrastructure sharing
dc.subject
economic impact of broadband
dc.subject
fixed broadband
dc.subject
infrastructure
dc.subject
infrastructure sharing
dc.subject
international connectivity
dc.subject
mobile broadband
dc.subject
public private partnership
dc.subject
utility company
dc.title
Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa : Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Public-Private Partnerships
okr.date.disclosure
2014-02-06
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0112-9
okr.identifier.report
84356
okr.language.supported
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Algeria
okr.region.country
Egypt, Arab Republic of
okr.region.country
Jordan
okr.region.country
Liberia
okr.region.country
Morocco
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
okr.sector
Information and communications :: Telecommunications
okr.sector
Information and communications :: General information and communications sector
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: ICT Policy and Strategies
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Poverty Reduction & ICT
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Telecommunications Infrastructure
okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Infrastructure Economics
okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Private Participation in Infrastructure
okr.topic
Private Sector Development
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies
okr.unit
TWICT

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