The Challenge of Non-Communicable Diseases and Road Traffic Injuries in Sub-Saharan Africa : An Overview

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collection.link.213
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11866
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Other papers
dc.contributor.author
Marquez, Patricio V.
dc.contributor.author
Farrington, Jill L.
dc.date.accessioned
2013-12-27T22:41:06Z
dc.date.available
2013-12-27T22:41:06Z
dc.date.issued
2013-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:31Z
dc.description.abstract
This report draws on a comprehensive review of the literature and on input from policy makers, researchers, and practitioners to address four questions: (1) how is the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and road traffic injuries (RTIs) changing the epidemiology of Sub-Saharan Africa? (2) What determines and drives this burden, and what are the commonalities with communicable diseases? (3) What is the rationale for public intervention? (4) How could resource-constrained governments approach NCD prevention and treatment and road safety in a comprehensive, effective and efficient way? The data show that action against NCDs and RTIs in Sub-Saharan Africa is needed, together with continued efforts to address communicable diseases and maternal and child health as well as to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The report suggests that NCDs and RTIs should not be tackled separately as a vertical program, nor should they displace communicable diseases as priorities. Instead, given resource constraints, and some shared determinants, characteristics, and interventions, there is scope for an integrated approach focusing on functions (prevention, treatment, and care) rather than on disease categories. Examples are cited of potential opportunities to integrate and add NCD prevention and treatment into existing services and programs. Proven, cost-effective, prevention interventions are clearly needed, many of which (such as tobacco and alcohol taxes, road safety measures, and fuel-efficient ventilated cook-stoves) require action beyond the health sector. These can deliver broader development benefits in addition to their benefits for health. Selective, evidence-based actions to reduce NCDs and RTIs will address the changing disease burden in Africa and achieve a more sustainable improvement in health outcomes, more efficient use of resources, and better equity across patients and populations.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/17997739/challenge-non-communicable-diseases-road-traffic-injuries-sub-saharan-africa-overview
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16451
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ABORTION
dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
dc.subject
ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ASTHMA
dc.subject
BICYCLES
dc.subject
BLOOD SUGAR
dc.subject
BREASTFEEDING
dc.subject
BURDEN OF DISEASE
dc.subject
BUSES
dc.subject
CANCER OF THE CERVIX
dc.subject
CANCERS
dc.subject
CAR
dc.subject
CAR USE
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
dc.subject
CARS
dc.subject
CAUSES OF DEATH
dc.subject
CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES
dc.subject
CERVICAL CANCER
dc.subject
CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING
dc.subject
CHILDHOOD DISEASES
dc.subject
CHOLESTEROL
dc.subject
CHRONIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
CHRONIC DISEASE
dc.subject
CHRONIC DISEASES
dc.subject
CIRCUMCISION
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
dc.subject
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
dc.subject
CORONARY HEART DISEASE
dc.subject
CRASHES
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
CYCLISTS
dc.subject
DEATH RATE
dc.subject
DEGENERATIVE DISEASES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DIABETES
dc.subject
DIABETES MELLITUS
dc.subject
DIAGNOSIS
dc.subject
DIARRHOEAL DISEASES
dc.subject
DIET
dc.subject
DIETS
dc.subject
DISABILITIES
dc.subject
DISABILITY
dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED POPULATIONS
dc.subject
DISEASE
dc.subject
DISEASE BURDEN
dc.subject
DISEASE CONTROL
dc.subject
DISEASE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DISEASE PATTERN
dc.subject
DISPOSABLE INCOME
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
DRIVING
dc.subject
EFFECTIVE USE
dc.subject
EMERGENCY CARE
dc.subject
ENDEMIC COUNTRIES
dc.subject
EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
EPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
EYE DISEASES
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FATALITIES
dc.subject
FATALITY
dc.subject
FATALITY RATES
dc.subject
FEMALES
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GLOBAL HEALTH
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HAZARDS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject
HEALTH INEQUITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
HEALTH PROMOTION
dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH SURVEYS
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
HEART ATTACKS
dc.subject
HEART DISEASE
dc.subject
HEART FAILURE
dc.subject
HEAVY RELIANCE
dc.subject
HEMORRHAGE
dc.subject
HEPATITIS
dc.subject
HEPATITIS B
dc.subject
HEPATITIS B VIRUS
dc.subject
HEPATITIS C
dc.subject
HERPES
dc.subject
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV POSITIVE
dc.subject
HIV TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HIV/AIDS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
dc.subject
HYGIENE
dc.subject
HYPERTENSION
dc.subject
IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
dc.subject
IMMUNODEFICIENCY
dc.subject
INFECTION
dc.subject
INFECTIONS
dc.subject
INFORMATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
INJURIES
dc.subject
INJURY
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
IRON
dc.subject
JOURNEYS
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEADING CAUSES
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIVER
dc.subject
LIVER CANCER
dc.subject
LONG-DISTANCE
dc.subject
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
dc.subject
LUNG DISEASES
dc.subject
LYMPHOMAS
dc.subject
MALARIA
dc.subject
MALARIA CONTROL
dc.subject
MALARIA DEATHS
dc.subject
MALNUTRITION
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
MATERNAL DEATHS
dc.subject
MATERNAL HEALTH
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
MEDICAL CENTER
dc.subject
MEDICAL SCHOOL
dc.subject
MEDICINE
dc.subject
MEDICINES
dc.subject
MENINGITIS
dc.subject
MENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject
MENTAL ILLNESS
dc.subject
METABOLISM
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MORBIDITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLES
dc.subject
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
dc.subject
NCD
dc.subject
NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY
dc.subject
OBESITY
dc.subject
PANDEMICS
dc.subject
PARASITIC DISEASES
dc.subject
PARTICULAR CHALLENGES
dc.subject
PASSENGERS
dc.subject
PATIENT
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PEDESTRIAN
dc.subject
PEDESTRIAN DEATHS
dc.subject
PEDESTRIANS
dc.subject
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
POLICE
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLIO
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
PRACTITIONERS
dc.subject
PREMATURE DEATH
dc.subject
PREVALENCE
dc.subject
PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
PROSTATE
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
QUALITY IMPROVEMENT
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
RAILWAY
dc.subject
RECREATION
dc.subject
REHABILITATION
dc.subject
RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
RESPIRATORY DISEASE
dc.subject
RESPIRATORY DISEASES
dc.subject
RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
RISK GROUPS
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD DEATHS
dc.subject
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
ROAD INJURIES
dc.subject
ROAD SAFETY
dc.subject
ROAD TRAFFIC
dc.subject
ROAD USER
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
SAFETY MEASURES
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SARCOMA
dc.subject
SCHISTOSOMA
dc.subject
SCREENING
dc.subject
SEAT BELTS
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SICKLE CELL DISEASE
dc.subject
SMOKERS
dc.subject
SMOKING
dc.subject
SOCIAL CHANGE
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL IMPACT
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SODIUM
dc.subject
STARVATION
dc.subject
STIS
dc.subject
STOMACH
dc.subject
SYMPTOMS
dc.subject
SYPHILIS
dc.subject
SYRINGES
dc.subject
TB
dc.subject
TB CONTROL
dc.subject
TELEMEDICINE
dc.subject
THERAPIES
dc.subject
THERAPY
dc.subject
TOBACCO PRODUCTS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC DEATH
dc.subject
TRAFFIC DEATH RATE
dc.subject
TRAFFIC DEATHS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC INJURIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORT STRATEGY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TREATMENT
dc.subject
TROPICAL DISEASES
dc.subject
TRUCKS
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNSAFE ABORTION
dc.subject
USE OF RESOURCES
dc.subject
VACCINATION
dc.subject
VACCINES
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VIRUS
dc.subject
VULNERABLE ROAD USERS
dc.subject
WALKING
dc.subject
WASTE
dc.subject
WEALTH
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.title
The Challenge of Non-Communicable Diseases and Road Traffic Injuries in Sub-Saharan Africa : An Overview
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2013-07-12
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/17997739/challenge-non-communicable-diseases-road-traffic-injuries-sub-saharan-africa-overview
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20130712152431
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17997739
okr.identifier.report
79293
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/07/12/000333037_20130712152431/Rendered/PDF/792930WP0WB0NC0l0Box07929300PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Disease Control and Prevention
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Health
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Transport
okr.unit
AFT: HD Front Office (AFTHD)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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