Teacher Reform in Indonesia : The Role of Politics and Evidence in Policy Making

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collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Chang, Mae Chu
dc.contributor.author
Shaeffer, Sheldon
dc.contributor.author
Al-Samarrai, Samer
dc.contributor.author
Ragatz, Andrew B.
dc.contributor.author
de Ree, Joppe
dc.contributor.author
Stevenson, Ritchie
dc.date.accessioned
2013-12-04T19:37:59Z
dc.date.available
2013-12-04T19:37:59Z
dc.date.issued
2014
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:28Z
dc.description.abstract
With close to three million teachers, Indonesia has one of the largest and most diverse cadres of teachers in the world. The evolving nature of its education system and the increasingly complex challenges facing individual teachers and the teaching profession as a whole are of immense importance to the nation’s future development. In 2005 the Indonesian government approved a comprehensive Teacher and Lecturer Law that radically reformed the nation’s teacher management and development process. This book explores this uniquely comprehensive reform by focusing on the nature of Indonesia’s teaching profession before and after the Teacher Law; the educational and political economy context of the law; the structures, strategies, and processes that arose from the law including a comprehensive system of teacher appraisal and salary increases which effectively doubled the income of certified teachers; the political and economic factors which distorted the reform process; its impact on teacher knowledge, skills, and motivation and student outcomes; and the (in)efficiencies derived from the reform in terms of the system’s financing and the distribution of its teachers. This book’s framework promotes an approach to teacher reforms through improving the nature of recruitment into the profession; pre-service education; induction, mentoring, and probation; formal certification; continuing professional development; teacher performance appraisal; and ongoing career development. It should therefore be of particular interest to Ministries of Education and development agencies contemplating similar comprehensive reforms. The lessons and recommendations from this analysis include the following: • The doubling of teacher income has increased the status of the teaching profession and attracted better candidates to apply to teacher training institutions. • The mere fact of certification and the consequent doubling of teacher income have not achieved the better teaching and learning that was expected. • A quality assurance framework needs to be put in place from the beginning of any reform process. • The costs of extending the certification program to all teachers are associated with significant trade-offs within the education sector. Estimates suggest that spending on teacher compensation will need to absorb a much larger share of the education budget and require reductions in spending in other areas.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9829-6
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-9829-6
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16355
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Human Development;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
change process
dc.subject
education finance
dc.subject
education quality
dc.subject
education reform
dc.subject
legal framework
dc.subject
politics of reform
dc.subject
teacher certification
dc.subject
teacher distribution
dc.subject
teacher incentives
dc.subject
teacher quality
dc.title
Teacher Reform in Indonesia : The Role of Politics and Evidence in Policy Making
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-12-04
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9829-6
okr.identifier.report
83152
okr.language.supported
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Indonesia
okr.sector
Education
okr.topic
Education :: Effective Schools and Teachers
okr.topic
Governance :: Politics and Government
okr.topic
Public Sector Development
okr.unit
EASHE

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