Risking Your Health : Causes, Consequences, and Interventions to Prevent Risky Behaviors

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collection.link.53
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2161
collection.name.53
Human Development Perspectives
dc.contributor.author
de Walque, Damien
dc.contributor.editor
de Walque, Damien
dc.date.accessioned
2013-11-20T13:49:05Z
dc.date.available
2013-11-20T13:49:05Z
dc.date.issued
2014
dc.description.abstract
Behaviors that pose risks for an individual’s health and that also represent important threats for public health, such as drug use, smoking, alcohol, unhealthy eating causing obesity, and unsafe sex, are highly prevalent in low income countries, even though they are traditionally associated with richer countries. Individual choices are an important part of the risky behaviors. Risking Your Health: Causes, Consequences, and Interventions to Prevent Risky Behaviors explore how those choices are formed and what are their consequences. Why do people engage in risky behaviors? Many different explanations have been proposed by psychology, sociology, economics or public health. One trait common to all these behaviors is that there is a disconnect – a function of both delay and uncertainty - between the pleasure or satisfaction provided by them and their consequences. Another characteristic of risky behaviors is that they rarely occur in isolation. Peer-pressure, parental influences, networks and social norms often play an important role in initiating, continuing, or quitting those behaviors. Even if they might often be the first to suffer, the consequences of risky behaviors are also rarely limited to the individuals engaging in them. In certain cases, such as second-hand smoking or HIV transmission, the link is direct. In other cases, the link is less direct but not necessarily less real: the long term health consequences of many of these behaviors are costly to treat and could stretch households’ finances and worsen poverty. Finally, these risky behaviors have consequences for society as a whole since they often trigger a non-trivial amount of public health expenditures and lead to declines in aggregate productivity through premature death and morbidity. Changing behaviors is tricky -- public health interventions via legislation with strong enforcement mechanisms can be more effective than simple communication campaigns informing consumers about the risks associated with certain behaviors, since translating knowledge into concrete changes in behavior seems to be hard to achieve. Economic mechanisms such as taxes (especially on alcohol and tobacco products), subsidies (such as free condoms), and conditional/unconditional cash transfers are also used to reduce risky behaviors (for example in HIV prevention). Of great interest to policy makers, academics and practitioners, this book assesses the efficiency of those interventions designed to reduce the prevalence of behaviors that endanger health.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9906-4
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-9906-4
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16305
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Human Development Perspectives;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
conditional cash transfers
dc.subject
externality
dc.subject
risky sex
dc.subject
teenage pregnancy
dc.subject
addiction
dc.subject
alcohol
dc.subject
drugs
dc.subject
health
dc.subject
information
dc.subject
morbidity
dc.subject
mortality
dc.subject
obesity
dc.subject
productivity
dc.subject
prohibition
dc.subject
regulation
dc.subject
smoking
dc.subject
unhealthy food
dc.title
Risking Your Health : Causes, Consequences, and Interventions to Prevent Risky Behaviors
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-11-20
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9906-4
okr.identifier.report
82470
okr.language.supported
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.country
Bangladesh
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.country
Colombia
okr.region.country
Egypt, Arab Republic of
okr.region.country
India
okr.region.country
Japan
okr.region.country
Mexico
okr.region.country
Russian Federation
okr.region.country
South Africa
okr.region.country
Thailand
okr.region.country
Ukraine
okr.region.country
Vietnam
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.topic
Education
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Alcohol and Substance Abuse
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Communicable Diseases
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Economics & Finance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health and Poverty
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Tobacco Use and Control
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor
okr.unit
Office of the Chief Economist of the Human Development Network (HDNCE)

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