Green Belts and Coastal Risk Management

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collection.link.170
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9401
collection.name.170
EAP DRM Knowledge Notes
dc.contributor.author
Shaw, Rajib
dc.contributor.author
Noguchi, Yusuke
dc.contributor.author
Ishiwatari, Mikio
dc.date.accessioned
2013-10-15T21:15:43Z
dc.date.available
2013-10-15T21:15:43Z
dc.date.issued
2012-09
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-13T12:50:25Z
dc.description.abstract
For more than four centuries Japan has been developing forested green belts to mitigate coastal hazards such as sandstorms, salty winds, high tides, and tsunamis. Although Japan's green belts were severely damaged by the March 11 tsunami, they did reduce the impact of waves, and protected houses by capturing floating debris. Local governments are planning to reconstruct the green belts as a countermeasure against tsunamis. While local communities have traditionally taken charge of maintaining green belts, their role has been weakened because of changes in society brought about by economic development and urbanization. The people who lived on the dunes along the coast had suffered from sandstorms and tidal disasters that damaged their agricultural products and the pine forests protected their fields. Masamune allowed the people to sell wood from branches that were trimmed or had fallen to cover the expense of maintaining the green belt. The green belt became less important after the rapid economic growth of the 1970s, as other more effective Disaster Risk Management (DRM) measures were developed, and electricity and gas replaced wood as energy sources for people. The community's role in managing the green belt diminished, and governments took over its maintenance.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/09/18024142/green-belts-coastal-risk-management
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16156
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AFFORESTATION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL LANDS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
BAMBOO
dc.subject
BEACH
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
COASTAL AREAS
dc.subject
COASTAL FOREST
dc.subject
COASTAL FORESTS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
CULTIVATION
dc.subject
DAMAGES
dc.subject
DISASTER
dc.subject
DISASTER RISK
dc.subject
DISASTER RISKS
dc.subject
DISASTERS
dc.subject
EARTHQUAKE
dc.subject
EVACUATION
dc.subject
FARMERS
dc.subject
FLOODED
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST AGENCY
dc.subject
FOREST LAW
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTRY AGENCY
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
GREEN BELT
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LOCAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
LOCAL COMMUNITY
dc.subject
LOCAL CONDITIONS
dc.subject
MANGROVES
dc.subject
MEDICINAL PLANTS
dc.subject
MOUNDS
dc.subject
NATURAL HAZARDS
dc.subject
PINE
dc.subject
PINE FORESTS
dc.subject
PINES
dc.subject
PLANT
dc.subject
PLANTING
dc.subject
PUBLIC AWARENESS
dc.subject
RESERVED FORESTS
dc.subject
RISK REDUCTION
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SALT WATER
dc.subject
SHIPS
dc.subject
SPECIES
dc.subject
STORMS
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
TREE
dc.subject
TREE SPECIES
dc.subject
TREES
dc.subject
TSUNAMI
dc.subject
TSUNAMIS
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
WILDLIFE
dc.subject
WOOD
dc.subject
WOODS
dc.title
Green Belts and Coastal Risk Management
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-07-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Brief
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/09/18024142/green-belts-coastal-risk-management
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000356161_20130719145722
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
18024142
okr.identifier.report
79370
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/07/19/000356161_20130719145722/Rendered/PDF/793700BRI0drm000Box377374B00Public0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Japan
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Hazard Risk Management
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Forestry
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements :: Peri-Urban Communities
okr.topic
Environment :: Wildlife Resources
okr.unit
Urban (WBIUR)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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