Climate Change in the Himalayas : Current State of Knowledge

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Gautam, Mahesh R.
dc.contributor.author
Timilsina, Govinda R.
dc.contributor.author
Acharya, Kumud
dc.date.accessioned
2013-09-26T18:27:25Z
dc.date.available
2013-09-26T18:27:25Z
dc.date.issued
2013-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:26Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper reviews the literature on the potential biophysical and economic impacts of climate change in the Himalayas. Existing observations indicate that the temperature is rising at a higher rate in Nepal and Chinese regions of the Himalayas compared with rest of the Himalayas. A declining trend of monsoon in the western Indian Himalayas and an increasing trend in the eastern Indian Himalayas have been observed, whereas increasing precipitation and stream flow in many parts of Tibetan Plateau are noted. Glaciers in both the eastern and western Himalayas are mostly retreating, but the majority of the glaciers in Karakorum are either stable or advancing slowly. Expansion of glacier lakes is reported, with the highest rate in Nepal and Bhutan. Most literature predicts increases in temperature and monsoon precipitations and decreases in winter precipitations in the future thereby leading to monsoon flooding and increased sediments in stream flow. Available hydrological simulations indicate reduced rainfall and shrinkage of glacier thereby leading to shortage of water supply for power generation and irrigation in winter particularly in highly glaciated basins. Projected economic impacts of glacial lake outburst floods can be substantial on the developed river basin with infrastructures and population centers. However, there is a clear gap in knowledge of economic impacts of climate change in the Himalayas.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/17935389/climate-change-himalayas-current-state-knowledge
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15875
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6516
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSORPTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
ALBEDO
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ALTITUDE
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ANNUAL PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
dc.subject
ASSESSMENTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
ASSESSMENTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
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AUTONOMOUS REGION
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AVERAGE ANNUAL RAINFALL
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BASIN REGION
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BIOMASS
dc.subject
BIOSPHERE
dc.subject
BLACK CARBON
dc.subject
BLACK CARBON AEROSOLS
dc.subject
CARBON CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
CARBON FERTILIZATION
dc.subject
CENTRAL REGION
dc.subject
CENTRAL REGIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PLANNING
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE STUDIES
dc.subject
CLIMATE EVENTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE IMPACT
dc.subject
CLIMATE IMPACTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE MODELING
dc.subject
CLIMATE MODELS
dc.subject
CLIMATE PROJECTIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATE RESEARCH
dc.subject
CLIMATE RESEARCH UNIT
dc.subject
CLIMATE SENSITIVE
dc.subject
CLIMATE SENSITIVITIES
dc.subject
CLIMATE SENSITIVITY
dc.subject
CLIMATE VARIATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE VARIATIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATE WARMING
dc.subject
CLIMATES
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CHANGES
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATIC EXTREMES
dc.subject
CLIMATIC FACTORS
dc.subject
CLIMATIC INDICES
dc.subject
CLIMATIC PARAMETERS
dc.subject
CLIMATIC VARIABILITY
dc.subject
CLIMATIC VARIABLES
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COMBUSTION
dc.subject
CONSEQUENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CROP YIELD
dc.subject
DAILY TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DRY SEASON
dc.subject
DUST
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF CLIMATE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSION SCENARIO
dc.subject
EMISSION SCENARIOS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ENDEMIC SPECIES
dc.subject
EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
dc.subject
EVERGREEN FORESTS
dc.subject
EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENTS
dc.subject
EXTREME EVENTS
dc.subject
EXTREME PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
EXTREME PRECIPITATION EVENTS
dc.subject
EXTREME TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
EXTREME TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
EXTREME WEATHER
dc.subject
EXTREMES OF TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
FERTILIZATION
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
FOREST FIRE
dc.subject
FOREST FIRES
dc.subject
FOREST TYPES
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
GCM
dc.subject
GLACIAL LAKE
dc.subject
GLACIAL LAKE OUTBURST
dc.subject
GLACIAL LAKES
dc.subject
GLACIER AREA
dc.subject
GLACIER MELT
dc.subject
GLACIER MELTING
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GLACIER RETREAT
dc.subject
GLACIERS
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE MODEL
dc.subject
GREEN HOUSE GASES
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
HIGH TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
HUMAN HEALTH
dc.subject
HUMIDITY
dc.subject
HYDROLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
dc.subject
HYDROLOGY
dc.subject
ICE
dc.subject
ICE CORES
dc.subject
ICE COVER
dc.subject
IMPACT OF CLIMATE
dc.subject
IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE
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INCREASE IN TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
INDIAN OCEAN REGION
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INDICATOR OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
IPCC
dc.subject
IRRIGATION
dc.subject
LAKES
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LOW RAINFALL
dc.subject
LOWER RAINFALL
dc.subject
MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
MEAN TEMPERATURE
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METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
dc.subject
MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
MINIMUM TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
MONSOON
dc.subject
MONSOONS
dc.subject
MOUNTAIN GLACIERS
dc.subject
MOUNTAIN REGION
dc.subject
MOUNTAIN REGIONS
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACTS
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
OZONE
dc.subject
POLAR REGIONS
dc.subject
PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
dc.subject
RAIN
dc.subject
RAINFALL
dc.subject
RAINFALL EXTREMES
dc.subject
RAINFALL PATTERNS
dc.subject
RAINFALL TREND
dc.subject
RATES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
REGIONAL CLIMATE
dc.subject
REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
REGIONAL CLIMATE MODEL
dc.subject
REGIONAL CLIMATES
dc.subject
REGIONAL DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
REGIONAL STUDY
dc.subject
RELATIVE HUMIDITY
dc.subject
RICE PRODUCTION
dc.subject
SCIENTISTS
dc.subject
SEASON
dc.subject
SEASONAL PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
SEASONAL RAINFALL
dc.subject
SEASONAL TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
SEDIMENT LOAD
dc.subject
SEDIMENTS
dc.subject
SNOW
dc.subject
SNOWFALL
dc.subject
SOLAR RADIATION
dc.subject
SPATIAL PATTERNS
dc.subject
SPATIAL SCALE
dc.subject
STORMS
dc.subject
SULFATE
dc.subject
SUMMER TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
SURFACE AIR
dc.subject
SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
SURFACE ALBEDO
dc.subject
SURFACE RUNOFF
dc.subject
TEMPERATE FORESTS
dc.subject
TEMPERATE ZONE
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE CHANGE
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE DATA
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE EXTREMES
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE INCREASE
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE INCREASES
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE RANGE
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE RISE
dc.subject
TEMPORAL ANALYSES
dc.subject
TEMPORAL CORRELATION
dc.subject
TEMPORAL SCALE
dc.subject
TEMPORAL VARIABILITY
dc.subject
TREE SPECIES
dc.subject
TROPOSPHERE
dc.subject
WARMER TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
WARMING CLIMATE
dc.subject
WATER AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
WATER QUALITY
dc.subject
WATER TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
WEATHER EVENTS
dc.subject
WET SEASON
dc.subject
WINTER MONTHS
dc.subject
WINTER RAINFALL
dc.subject
WINTER SEASON
dc.subject
WINTER TEMPERATURE
dc.title
Climate Change in the Himalayas : Current State of Knowledge
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2013-06-07
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/17935389/climate-change-himalayas-current-state-knowledge
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6516
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20130627143612
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17935389
okr.identifier.report
WPS6516
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/06/27/000158349_20130627143612/Rendered/PDF/WPS6516.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.geographical
South Asia
okr.sector
Energy and mining
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management
okr.topic
Science and Technology Development :: Science of Climate Change
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Environment :: Global Environment Facility
okr.topic
Environment :: Ecosystems and Natural Habitats
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Regional Economic Development
okr.unit
Environment and Energy Team, Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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