The Decision to Invest in Child Quality over Quantity : Household Size and Household Investment in Education in Vietnam

Show simple item record

collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Dang, Hai-Anh
dc.contributor.author
Rogers, F. Halsey
dc.date.accessioned
2013-09-26T14:36:27Z
dc.date.available
2013-09-26T14:36:27Z
dc.date.issued
2013-06
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T05:29:50Z
dc.description.abstract
During Vietnam's two decades of rapid economic growth, its fertility rate has fallen sharply at the same time that its educational attainment has risen rapidly -- macro trends that are consistent with the hypothesis of a quantity-quality tradeoff in child-rearing. This paper investigates whether the micro-level evidence supports the hypothesis that Vietnamese parents are in fact making a tradeoff between quantity and quality of children. The paper presents new measures of household investment in private tutoring, together with traditional measures of household investments in education. It analyzes data from the Vietnam Household Living Standards Surveys and instruments for family size using the distance to the nearest family planning center. The estimation results show that families do indeed invest less in the education of school-age children who have larger numbers of siblings. This effect holds for several indicators of educational investment -- including general education expenditure and various measures of private tutoring investment -- and is robust to various definitions of family size and model specifications that control for community characteristics as well as the distance to the city center. Finally, the results suggest that tutoring may be a better measure of quality-oriented household investments in education than traditional measures like enrollment, which are arguably less nuanced and household-driven.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/17874788/decision-invest-child-quality-over-quantity-household-size-household-investment-education-vietnam
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15846
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6487
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABORTION
dc.subject
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ACCESS TO FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT FERTILITY
dc.subject
ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
AGE RANGES
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY OF FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
BEHAVIOR CHANGE
dc.subject
BIRTH CONTROL
dc.subject
BIRTH ORDER
dc.subject
BIRTHS PER WOMAN
dc.subject
BULLETIN
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
CHILDBEARING
dc.subject
CHILDREN PER FAMILY
dc.subject
COLLEGE ENTRANCE
dc.subject
COMMITTEE ON POPULATION
dc.subject
COMMUNITY HEALTH
dc.subject
COMPULSORY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE USE
dc.subject
CULTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR EDUCATION
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CHANGE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
EDUCATED ADULTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATION EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
EDUCATION EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EDUCATION FINANCE
dc.subject
EDUCATION INVESTMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATION OF SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL LEVELS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL QUALITY
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
ENTRANCE EXAM
dc.subject
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
EQUITABLE ACCESS
dc.subject
EXAM
dc.subject
EXAM PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EXTENDED FAMILIES
dc.subject
EXTENDED FAMILY
dc.subject
FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZES
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
dc.subject
FEWER BIRTHS
dc.subject
FEWER CHILDREN
dc.subject
FIRST CHILD
dc.subject
FIRST GRADE
dc.subject
GENDER DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
GENERAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HIGH CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL
dc.subject
HIGHER LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVES
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT IN CHILDREN
dc.subject
INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
KINSHIP
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LABOUR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LAM
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LET
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
MAJORITY OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
MARITAL FERTILITY
dc.subject
MARRIED WOMEN
dc.subject
MATERNITY CARE
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
MOTHERS
dc.subject
NATIONAL COMMITTEE
dc.subject
NEWSLETTER
dc.subject
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
OLDER CHILDREN
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
PARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
PEER PRESSURE
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POPULATION ASSOCIATION
dc.subject
POPULATION CENSUSES
dc.subject
POPULATION CONTROL
dc.subject
POPULATION CONTROL POLICIES
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION POLICIES
dc.subject
POPULATION SUBGROUP
dc.subject
POPULATION SUBGROUPS
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOLING
dc.subject
PRIVATE TUTORING
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOL
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
QUALITY EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
RADIO
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
RETURNS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL VILLAGE
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL CENSUS
dc.subject
SCHOOL COMMUNITY
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL LEVEL
dc.subject
SCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subject
SCHOOL SYSTEM
dc.subject
SCHOOL YEAR
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SCHOOLING QUALITY
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SECONDARY STUDENTS
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SEX PREFERENCE
dc.subject
SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION
dc.subject
SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
SINGLE CHILD
dc.subject
SMALLER HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SON PREFERENCE
dc.subject
STUDENT TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
STUDENT-TEACHER RATIOS
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS
dc.subject
TEACHER QUALITY
dc.subject
TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
TEACHER TRAINING
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TELEVISION
dc.subject
TERTIARY LEVEL
dc.subject
TEST SCORES
dc.subject
TRAINING COLLEGE
dc.subject
TUITION
dc.subject
TUTORING
dc.subject
TUTORS
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
UNWANTED BIRTHS
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
YOUNG MEN
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject
quantity-quality tradeoff
dc.title
The Decision to Invest in Child Quality over Quantity : Household Size and Household Investment in Education in Vietnam
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-06-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/06/17874788/decision-invest-child-quality-over-quantity-household-size-household-investment-education-vietnam
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6487
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20130617114828
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17874788
okr.identifier.report
WPS6487
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/06/17/000158349_20130617114828/Rendered/PDF/WPS6487.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Vietnam
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Human development :: Child health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Population and Development
okr.topic
Teaching and Learning
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Health
okr.topic
Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Poverty and Inequality Team, Development Research Group; and the Education Unit, Human Development Network
okr.volume
1 of 1

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)