Tajikistan's Winter Energy Crisis : Electricity Supply and Demand Alternatives

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collection.link.335
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32463
collection.name.335
World Bank Studies
dc.contributor.author
Fields, Daryl
dc.contributor.author
Kochnakyan, Artur
dc.contributor.author
Mukhamedova, Takhmina
dc.contributor.author
Stuggins, Gary
dc.contributor.author
Besant-Jones, John
dc.date.accessioned
2013-09-24T21:07:48Z
dc.date.available
2013-09-24T21:07:48Z
dc.date.issued
2013
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:22Z
dc.description.abstract
Tajikistan's electricity system is in a state of crisis. Approximately 70 percent of the Tajik people suffer from extensive shortages of electricity during the winter. These shortages, estimated at about 2,700 GWh, about a quarter of winter electricity demand, impose economic losses estimated at over United States (US) 200 million dollars per annum or 3 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The electricity shortages have not been addressed because investments have not been made in new electricity supply capacity and maintenance of existing assets has not improved. The financial incentive for electricity consumers to reduce their consumption is inadequate as electricity prices are among the lowest in the world. Without prompt action to remedy the causes of Tajikistan's electricity crisis and with growing demand, the shortages could increase to about 4,500 GWh by 2016 (over a third of winter electricity demand) or worse. The World Bank undertook this study to assist the Government of Tajikistan (GoT) in finding ways to overcome the current electricity shortages and establish a sound basis for meeting the growing electricity demand in Tajikistan. The study focuses on the investments and policy reforms needed between now and 2020 to strengthen the financial, technical and institutional capacity of the Tajik power sector and prepare the GoT for undertaking a major expansion of power supply capacity. The study excludes large hydropower plants with storage, given their complexity and global experience that such projects are subject to delays. The winter electricity shortages are caused by a combination of low hydropower output during winter when river flows are low and high demand driven by heating needs. The GoT should focus its immediate attention on three ways to eliminate the current winter power shortages: 1) ambitious energy efficiency plans to reduce uneconomic power usage; 2) new dual-fired thermal power supply to complement the existing hydropower supply during winter; and 3) increased energy imports to leverage surplus electricity supply in neighboring countries.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/01/18042383/tajikistans-winter-energy-crisis-electricity-supply-demand-alternatives
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9967-5
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-9967-5
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15795
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Study;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR LEAKAGE
dc.subject
AIR LEAKS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
ALLOWANCE
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
ALUMINUM
dc.subject
ALUMINUM INDUSTRY
dc.subject
ANNUAL GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
APPLIANCE STANDARDS
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
BOILER
dc.subject
BOILER HOUSE
dc.subject
BOILER HOUSES
dc.subject
BOILERS
dc.subject
CALCULATION
dc.subject
CAPS
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON MONOXIDE
dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC FAILURE
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COAL GAS
dc.subject
COAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
COLORS
dc.subject
COMPACT FLUORESCENT LAMPS
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
COST OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
COST OF ENERGY
dc.subject
COST OF ENERGY SUPPLY
dc.subject
COSTS OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR ENERGY
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR ENERGY SERVICES
dc.subject
DEMAND FORECAST
dc.subject
DEMAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DEMAND REDUCTION
dc.subject
DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DIESEL POWER
dc.subject
DISSOLUTION
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
DISTRICT HEATING
dc.subject
DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEMS
dc.subject
DOMESTIC SOURCES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC SUPPLY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC COSTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ELECTRIC HEATERS
dc.subject
ELECTRIC WATER HEATING
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY COSTS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY DEMAND
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY DEMAND GROWTH
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY PRICE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY PRICES
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SAVINGS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SYSTEM
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY TARIFF
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY TARIFFS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY USAGE
dc.subject
ELECTROLYSIS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
END-USE
dc.subject
END-USE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
END-USERS
dc.subject
ENERGY AUDITS
dc.subject
ENERGY BILLS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENERGY COSTS
dc.subject
ENERGY DEFICIT
dc.subject
ENERGY DEMAND
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS
dc.subject
ENERGY INTENSITY
dc.subject
ENERGY LOSS
dc.subject
ENERGY LOSSES
dc.subject
ENERGY MARKET
dc.subject
ENERGY NEEDS
dc.subject
ENERGY PRICES
dc.subject
ENERGY RESOURCES
dc.subject
ENERGY SAVINGS
dc.subject
ENERGY SECURITY
dc.subject
ENERGY SHORTAGES
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCES
dc.subject
ENERGY SYSTEM
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
EXTREME TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
FEASIBILITY
dc.subject
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CONDITION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL COSTS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL NEEDS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL REASONS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
FLUORESCENT LAMP
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject
FOSSIL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL OIL
dc.subject
FUEL SUPPLY
dc.subject
FUEL SWITCHING
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GAS
dc.subject
GAS BOILERS
dc.subject
GAS TURBINE
dc.subject
GASIFICATION
dc.subject
GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
GENERATION UNITS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROWTH IN DEMAND
dc.subject
GROWTH IN ELECTRICITY DEMAND
dc.subject
HARD COAL
dc.subject
HEALTH RISK
dc.subject
HEAT
dc.subject
HEAT DEMAND
dc.subject
HEAT GENERATION
dc.subject
HEAT SUPPLY
dc.subject
HEAT TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HEATING SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEAVY OIL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD ENERGY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER PLANT
dc.subject
IMPORTS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
IRRADIATION
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
KILOWATT HOUR
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOAD SHEDDING
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS SUPPLY
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
OIL EQUIVALENT
dc.subject
PEAK DEMAND
dc.subject
PEAK LOAD
dc.subject
PEAK POWER
dc.subject
PETROLEUM
dc.subject
PORTFOLIO
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
POWER CAPACITY
dc.subject
POWER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
POWER DEMAND
dc.subject
POWER FLOWS
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION
dc.subject
POWER PLANT CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
POWER PRICES
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR
dc.subject
POWER SHORTAGES
dc.subject
POWER SUPPLY
dc.subject
POWER SYSTEM
dc.subject
POWER TRADE
dc.subject
PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject
PRICE ELASTICITY
dc.subject
PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASE
dc.subject
PRICE SIGNAL
dc.subject
PROVISION OF HEAT
dc.subject
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS
dc.subject
QUANTITY OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS
dc.subject
SCENARIOS
dc.subject
SMALL HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
SOLAR POWER
dc.subject
SOLAR THERMAL
dc.subject
SOLAR WATER HEATERS
dc.subject
SOLID FUELS
dc.subject
SPACE HEATING
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject
SUPPLY COSTS
dc.subject
SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
THERMAL PLANT
dc.subject
THERMAL PLANT CAPACITY
dc.subject
THERMAL PLANTS
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER PLANT
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
TOTAL COST
dc.subject
TOTAL DEMAND
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION LINE
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION LINES
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
dc.subject
TURBINES
dc.subject
UTILITY COMPANY
dc.subject
VOLTAGE
dc.subject
WASTE
dc.title
Tajikistan's Winter Energy Crisis : Electricity Supply and Demand Alternatives
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2013-07-26
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/01/18042383/tajikistans-winter-energy-crisis-electricity-supply-demand-alternatives
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9967-5
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000442464_20130726144616
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
18042383
okr.identifier.report
79616
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/07/26/000442464_20130726144616/Rendered/PDF/796160PUB0REPL00Box377374B00PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Tajikistan
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy and Environment
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Environment :: Environment and Energy Efficiency
okr.unit
Agriculture & Rural Development (ECSAR)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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