Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon

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collection.link.126
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5908
collection.name.126
World Bank Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Margulis, Sergio
dc.date.accessioned
2013-08-14T16:51:09Z
dc.date.available
2013-08-14T16:51:09Z
dc.date.issued
2004
dc.description.abstract
The worldwide concern with deforestation of Brazilian Amazonia is motivated not only by the irreversible loss of this natural wealth, but also by the perception that it is a destructive process in which the social and economic gains are smaller than the environmental losses. This perception also underlies the diagnosis, formulation and evaluation of public policies proposed by government and non-governmental organizations working in the region, including the World Bank. The present work suggests that a fuller understanding is necessary with regard to the motivations and identity of the agents responsible for deforestation, the evaluation of the social and economic benefits from the process and the resulting implications of public policies for the region. The objective of the report is to show that, in contrast to the 1970s and 1980s when occupation of Brazilian Amazonia was largely induced by government policies and subsidies, recent deforestation in significant parts of the region is basically caused by medium- and large-scale cattle ranching. Following a private rationale, the dynamics of the occupation process gradually became autonomous, as is suggested by the significant increase in deforestation in the 1990s despite the substantial reduction of subsidies and incentives by government. Among the causes of the transformation are technological and managerial changes and the adaptation of cattle ranching to the geo-ecological conditions of eastern Amazonia which allowed for productivity gains and cost reductions. The fact that cattle ranching is viable from the private perspective does not mean that the activity is socially desirable or environmentally sustainable. Private gain needs to be contrasted with the environmental (social) costs associated with cattle ranching and deforestation. From the social perspective, it is legitimate to argue that the private benefits from large-scale cattle ranching are largely exclusive, having contributed little to alleviate social and economic inequalities. The study notes, however, that decreases in the price of beef in national markets and increases in exports caused by the expansion of cattle ranching in Eastern Amazonia may imply social benefits that go beyond sectoral and regional boundaries.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
0-8213-5691-7
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15060
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Working Paper;No. 22
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
CATTLE INDUSTRY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ASPECTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL ASPECTS
dc.subject
RANCHING
dc.subject
NET INCOME
dc.subject
INCENTIVES (TAX)
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICIES
dc.subject
NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
POLICY FORMULATION
dc.subject
TIMBER EXTRACTION
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK
dc.subject
SOYBEAN HARVESTING AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
ANIMAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
BEEF
dc.subject
BEEF CATTLE
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
BREEDING
dc.subject
CATTLE
dc.subject
CATTLE PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CGIAR
dc.subject
CGIAR CONSULTATIVE GROUP
dc.subject
CIFOR
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
CONSERVATION INITIATIVES
dc.subject
CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS
dc.subject
CROPS
dc.subject
CULTIVATION
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION RATES
dc.subject
ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC STRATEGIES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL AGENDA
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL VALUATION
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FAO
dc.subject
FARMERS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST AREAS
dc.subject
FOREST CLEARING
dc.subject
FOREST CONVERSION
dc.subject
FOREST COVER
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FOREST PROTECTION
dc.subject
FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject
IDENTITY
dc.subject
IDRC
dc.subject
IFPRI
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
LAND TITLING
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOGGING
dc.subject
MICROECONOMICS
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE BASE
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COSTS
dc.subject
PASTURES
dc.subject
POLICY INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
RAINFALL
dc.subject
RAINFORESTS
dc.subject
RANCHERS
dc.subject
RESOURCE USE
dc.subject
RURAL INCOME
dc.subject
SOCIAL COSTS
dc.subject
SPATIAL PATTERNS
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FOREST
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE USE
dc.subject
TIMBER
dc.subject
TIMBER EXTRACTION
dc.subject
TRADEOFFS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
UNCTAD
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.title
Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon
en
dc.title.alternative
Causas do desmatamento da Amazonia Brasileira
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2003/12/2875768/causes-deforestation-brazilian-amazon
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Water
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/0-8213-5691-7
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000090341_20040202130625
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
2875768
okr.identifier.report
27715
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2004/02/02/000090341_20040202130625/Rendered/PDF/277150PAPER0wbwp0no1022.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Brazil
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy and Environment
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Research
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Forestry
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Drought Management
okr.unit
Office of the Vice President (SDNVP)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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