HIV/AIDS and Mental Health

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collection.link.221
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/12995
collection.name.221
Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Papers
dc.contributor.author
Baingana, Florence
dc.contributor.author
Thomas, Rachel
dc.contributor.author
Comblain, Christine
dc.date.accessioned
2013-06-04T20:05:48Z
dc.date.available
2013-06-04T20:05:48Z
dc.date.issued
2005-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:09Z
dc.description.abstract
Mental and neurological disorders have an intertwined relationship with HIV, yet are often overlooked when AIDS interventions are planned and implemented. Cognitive disorders, substance abuse, and disorders of personality can influence behavior in ways that lead to greater risk of HIV infection. Conversely, HIV/AIDS itself can lead to psychological conditions due to circumstances surrounding the disease, and psychiatric conditions resulting from HIV-related neurological changes. Such disorders can adversely influence the progression of the disease, lead to noncompliance with prescribed medical treatment, and increase the likelihood that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) will act in high-risk ways. Since the World Bank is the largest long-term investor in the prevention and mitigation of HIV/AIDS in developing countries, it has an important role to play in mental health interventions related to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The main purpose of this document is to increase knowledge of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and mental health and highlight the need for psychosocial support for PLWHA. The document begins with a description of the global AIDS pandemic, addresses psychosocial risks for infection, then discusses the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS. This is followed by a description of the neuro-psychiatric and psychological disorders associated with HIV/AIDS and the social and economic implications of failing to address these disorders. Next, current World Bank AIDS initiatives are considered, and opportunities and challenges for including mental health and psychosocial interventions in AIDS programming are explored. The document concludes with recommendations for future initiatives aimed at meeting the mental health and psychosocial needs of PLWHA.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/01/5620033/hivaids-mental-health
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13741
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) discussion paper;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
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ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
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ADULTS
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ADVOCACY
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AIDS INFECTIONS
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AIDS INTERVENTIONS
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AIDS PANDEMIC
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ALCOHOL
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ANXIETY
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AUTOPSIES
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BASIC NEEDS
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BRAIN
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BRAIN DISEASES
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CAREGIVERS
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CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
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CHILD DEATHS
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CHILD HEALTH
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CHRONIC ILLNESS
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COGNITIVE DISORDERS
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CONDOMS
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DEMENTIA
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DEPRESSION
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DIAGNOSES
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DIAGNOSIS
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DIARRHEA
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DISCRIMINATION
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DISEASE
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DISEASE CONTROL
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DRUG USERS
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ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
EDUCATION
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ENCEPHALITIS
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EPIDEMICS
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FAMILIES
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FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
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FEMALES
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GENITAL MUTILATION
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GIRLS
dc.subject
HEALTH
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE ACCESS
dc.subject
HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HIV INFECTIONS
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HIV POSITIVE
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HIV TRANSMISSION
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HOMOSEXUALS
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
ILLNESSES
dc.subject
IMMUNE SYSTEM
dc.subject
INFLUENZA
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INSOMNIA
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INTERVENTION
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ISOLATION
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LIFE EXPECTANCY
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LIVE BIRTHS
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LYMPHOMA
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MALNUTRITION
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MEDICAL CARE
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MEDICAL TREATMENT
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MENINGITIS
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MENTAL DISORDERS
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MENTAL HEALTH
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MENTAL HEALTH CARE
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MIGRATION
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MORBIDITY
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MORTALITY
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MOTHERS
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NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS
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NUTRITION
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OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS
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ORPHANS
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PANDEMIC
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PARENTS
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PATHOLOGY
dc.subject
PATIENTS
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PERSONALITY
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PREVALENCE
dc.subject
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject
PROSTITUTION
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PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT
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PSYCHOTHERAPY
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
RAPE
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SCREENING
dc.subject
SEX WORKERS
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SEXUAL ABUSE
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SEXUAL PRACTICES
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SEXUAL VIOLENCE
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SEXUALITY
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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
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SLEEP
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SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
STIS
dc.subject
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
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SUICIDE
dc.subject
SYMPTOMS
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject
TUMORS
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UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
WELLBEING
dc.subject
WIDOWS
dc.title
HIV/AIDS and Mental Health
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/01/5620033/hivaids-mental-health
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000090341_20050223110316
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
5620033
okr.identifier.report
31503
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/02/23/000090341_20050223110316/Rendered/PDF/315030HNP0Mental0health0Baingana.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: HIV AIDS
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Health Economics and Finance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.unit
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.volume
1 of 1

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