Journal Article

A Comparative Perspective on Poverty Reduction in Brazil, China, and India

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collection.link.103
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2212
collection.name.103
B. World Bank Research Observer
dc.contributor.author
Ravallion, Martin
dc.date.accessioned
2013-05-21T17:17:43Z
dc.date.available
2013-05-21T17:17:43Z
dc.date.issued
2011-07-02
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-13T12:25:57Z
dc.description.abstract
Brazil, China, and India have seen falling poverty in their reform periods, but to varying degrees and for different reasons. History left China with favorable initial conditions for rapid poverty reduction through market-led economic growth; at the outset of the reform process there were many distortions to be removed and a relatively low inequality of access to the opportunities so created, though inequality has risen markedly since. By concentrating such opportunities in the hands of the better off, prior inequalities in various dimensions handicapped poverty reduction in both Brazil and India. Brazil's recent success in complementing market-oriented reforms with progressive social policies has helped it achieve a higher proportionate rate of poverty reduction than India, although Brazil has been less successful in terms of economic growth. In the wake of its steep rise in inequality, China might learn from Brazil's success with such policies. India needs to do more to assure that poor people are able to participate in both the country's growth process and its social policies; here there are lessons from both China and Brazil. All three countries have learned how important macroeconomic stability is to poverty reduction.
en
dc.identifier.citation
World Bank Research Observer
dc.identifier.issn
1564-6971
dc.identifier.other
doi;10.1093/wbro/lkp031
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13499
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Research Observer;26(1)
dc.rights
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
consumption expenditures
dc.subject
economic growth
dc.subject
household consumption
dc.subject
household income
dc.subject
household surveys
dc.subject
human development
dc.subject
income
dc.subject
income distribution
dc.subject
inequality
dc.subject
international poverty line
dc.subject
macroeconomic stability
dc.subject
national poverty
dc.subject
national poverty lines
dc.subject
poor
dc.subject
poor people
dc.subject
poverty headcount index
dc.subject
poverty line
dc.subject
poverty measures
dc.subject
poverty reduction
dc.subject
social policies
dc.title
A Comparative Perspective on Poverty Reduction in Brazil, China, and India
en
dc.type
Journal Article
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-01-02
okr.doctype
Journal Article
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1093/wbro/lkp031
okr.journal.nbpages
71-104
okr.language.supported
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.country
Brazil
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.country
India
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Regional Economic Development
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Pro-Poor Growth
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Poverty Reduction Strategies
okr.volume
26(1)

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