Can Participation Be Induced? Some Evidence from Developing Countries

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dc.contributor.author
Mansuri, Ghazala
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Rao, Vijayendra
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2013-05-13T18:48:37Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2013-05-13T18:48:37Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2013-04-08
en_US
dc.identifier.citation
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy
en_US
dc.identifier.issn
1369-8230
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13394
en_US
dc.description.abstract
Influenced by Amartya Sen, over the last decade, The World Bank has allocated nearly US$80 billion to local participatory development projects targeting poverty, improved public service delivery, and strengthened social cohesion and government accountability. But the success of these programs is hindered by both endogenous local factors and flawed program design and implementation. Two especially important local obstacles are (1) entrenched interests of political agents, civil bureaucrats, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with either incentives to resist or capabilities to appropriate program resources, and (2) poverty and illiteracy, as the poor and illiterate participate less and benefit less from participatory projects than do the wealthier, more educated, and more connected. After reviewing hundreds of participatory projects, three lessons are clear for program planning. First, contextual factors like inequality, history, geography, and political systems (among others) are important. Second, communities do not necessarily have a ready stock of ‘social capital’ to mobilize. Third, induced participatory interventions work best when supported by a responsive state – donors cannot substitute for a non-functional state, and successful programs combine enlightened state action from above with social mobilization from below. Future participatory development projects would benefit substantially from revised planning and considerably more attention paid to evaluation and monitoring. Project managers have historically paid little attention to context, monitoring, or evaluation, in part because The World Bank’s operational policies did not provide incentives to do so. Donor agencies should also exercise greater patience and allow for flexible, long-term engagement to facilitate contextual and programmatic learning, including learning from failure.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en_US
en_US
dc.publisher
Taylor and Francis
en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy;16(2)
en_US
dc.relation.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo
en_US
dc.rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 IGO
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
en_US
dc.subject
participatory development
en_US
dc.subject
decentralization
en_US
dc.subject
deliberative democracy
en_US
dc.subject
empowerment
en_US
dc.subject
political voice
en_US
dc.title
Can Participation Be Induced? Some Evidence from Developing Countries
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
en_US
okr.volume
16(2)
en_US
okr.date.disclosure
2013-05-03
en_US
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements :: Community Driven Development
en_US
okr.topic
Governance :: Democratic Government
en_US
okr.topic
Governance :: Politics and Government
en_US
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Decentralization
en_US
okr.doctype
Journal Article
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
en_US
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
en_US
okr.relation.associatedurl
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698230.2012.757918
en_US
okr.relation.associatedurl
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11973
en_US
okr.externalcontent
External Content
en_US
okr.journal.nbpages
284-304
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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