Journal Article

Can Participation Be Induced? Some Evidence from Developing Countries

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collection.link.125
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4401
collection.name.125
C. Journal articles published externally
dc.contributor.author
Mansuri, Ghazala
dc.contributor.author
Rao, Vijayendra
dc.date.accessioned
2013-05-13T18:48:37Z
dc.date.available
2013-05-13T18:48:37Z
dc.date.issued
2013-04-08
dc.description.abstract
Influenced by Amartya Sen, over the last decade, The World Bank has allocated nearly US$80 billion to local participatory development projects targeting poverty, improved public service delivery, and strengthened social cohesion and government accountability. But the success of these programs is hindered by both endogenous local factors and flawed program design and implementation. Two especially important local obstacles are (1) entrenched interests of political agents, civil bureaucrats, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with either incentives to resist or capabilities to appropriate program resources, and (2) poverty and illiteracy, as the poor and illiterate participate less and benefit less from participatory projects than do the wealthier, more educated, and more connected. After reviewing hundreds of participatory projects, three lessons are clear for program planning. First, contextual factors like inequality, history, geography, and political systems (among others) are important. Second, communities do not necessarily have a ready stock of ‘social capital’ to mobilize. Third, induced participatory interventions work best when supported by a responsive state – donors cannot substitute for a non-functional state, and successful programs combine enlightened state action from above with social mobilization from below. Future participatory development projects would benefit substantially from revised planning and considerably more attention paid to evaluation and monitoring. Project managers have historically paid little attention to context, monitoring, or evaluation, in part because The World Bank’s operational policies did not provide incentives to do so. Donor agencies should also exercise greater patience and allow for flexible, long-term engagement to facilitate contextual and programmatic learning, including learning from failure.
en
dc.identifier.citation
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy
dc.identifier.issn
1369-8230
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13394
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Taylor and Francis
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy;16(2)
dc.rights
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
participatory development
dc.subject
decentralization
dc.subject
deliberative democracy
dc.subject
empowerment
dc.subject
political voice
dc.title
Can Participation Be Induced? Some Evidence from Developing Countries
en
dc.type
Journal Article
okr.date.disclosure
2013-05-03
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Journal Article
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.externalcontent
External Content
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.journal.nbpages
284-304
okr.language.supported
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.relation.associatedurl
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698230.2012.757918
okr.relation.associatedurl
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11973
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements :: Community Driven Development
okr.topic
Governance :: Democratic Government
okr.topic
Governance :: Politics and Government
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Decentralization
okr.volume
16(2)

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