The Mexican Social Protection System in Health

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collection.link.222
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/13083
collection.name.222
UNICO Studies Series
dc.contributor.author
Bonilla-Chacín, M.E.
dc.contributor.author
Aguilera, Nelly
dc.date.accessioned
2013-05-06T15:55:18Z
dc.date.available
2013-05-06T15:55:18Z
dc.date.issued
2013-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:07Z
dc.description.abstract
With a population of 113 million and a per-capita Gross Domestic Product, or GDP of US$10,064 (current U.S. dollars), Mexico is one of the largest and highest-income countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The country has benefited from sustained economic growth during the last decade, which was temporarily interrupted by the financial and economic crisis. Real GDP is projected to grow 3.8 percent and 3.6 percent in 2012 and 2013, respectively (International Monetary Fund, or IMF 2012). Despite this growth, poverty in the country remains high; with half of the population living below the national poverty line. The country is also highly heterogeneous, with large socioeconomic differences across states and across urban and rural areas. In 2010, while the extreme poverty ratio in the Federal District and the states of Colima and Nuevo Leon was below 3 percent, in Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca it was 25 percent or higher. These large regional differences are also found in other indicators of well-being, such as years of schooling, housing conditions, and access to social services. This case study assesses key features and achievements of the Social Protection System in Health (Sistema de Proteccion Social en Salud) in Mexico, and particularly of its main pillar, Popular Health Insurance (Seguro Popular, PHI). It analyzes the contribution of this policy to the establishment and implementation of universal health coverage in Mexico. In 2003, with the reform of the General Health Law, the PHI was institutionalized as a subsidized health insurance scheme open to the population not covered by the social security schemes. Today, the PHI covers all of its intended affiliates, about 52 million people
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13300
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
UNICO Studies Series;No. 1
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
HEALTH SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
HOUSING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES ACCESS
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE
dc.subject
YEARS OF SCHOOLING
dc.title
The Mexican Social Protection System in Health
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-02-13
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.report
75008
okr.language.supported
en
okr.language.supported
es
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Mexico
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Public & Municipal Finance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Economics & Finance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring & Evaluation
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Systems Development & Reform
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Public Sector Development
okr.unit
Health Sector (LCSHH)

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