How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain?

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Spears, Dean
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dc.date.accessioned
2013-04-11T19:54:05Z
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dc.date.available
2013-04-11T19:54:05Z
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dc.date.issued
2013-01
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dc.description.abstract
Physical height is an important economic variable reflecting health and human capital. Puzzlingly, however, differences in average height across developing countries are not well explained by differences in wealth. In particular, children in India are shorter, on average, than children in Africa who are poorer, on average, a paradox called "the Asian enigma" which has received much attention from economists. This paper provides the first documentation of a quantitatively important gradient between child height and sanitation that can statistically explain a large fraction of international height differences. This association between sanitation and human capital is robustly stable, even after accounting for other heterogeneity, such as in GDP. The author applies three complementary empirical strategies to identify the association between sanitation and child height: country-level regressions across 140 country-years in 65 developing countries; within-country analysis of differences over time within Indian districts; and econometric decomposition of the India-Africa height differences in child-level data. Open defecation, which is exceptionally widespread in India, can account for much or all of the excess stunting in India.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13163
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6351
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
ADEQUATE NUTRITION
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dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
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dc.subject
BABIES
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dc.subject
BIRTH WEIGHT
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dc.subject
BREASTFEEDING
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dc.subject
BULLETIN
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dc.subject
CHILD GROWTH
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dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
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dc.subject
CHILD MALNUTRITION
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dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
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dc.subject
CHILD STUNTING
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dc.subject
CHILD WELFARE
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dc.subject
CHILDBEARING
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dc.subject
CHILDRENS HEALTH
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dc.subject
CHOLERA
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dc.subject
CHRONIC DISEASE
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dc.subject
COMPLICATIONS
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dc.subject
DEFECATION
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dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
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dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
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dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
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dc.subject
DIARRHEA
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dc.subject
DIARRHOEA
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dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
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dc.subject
DISPARITIES IN LIFE EXPECTANCY
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dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC STATUS
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dc.subject
FAMILIES
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dc.subject
FAMILY HEALTH
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dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
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dc.subject
FEMALE LITERACY
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dc.subject
FIRST BIRTH
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dc.subject
FLUSH TOILETS
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dc.subject
HEALTH EFFECTS
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dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
HEALTH SURVEYS
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dc.subject
HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD ASSETS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
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dc.subject
HUMAN BIOLOGY
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dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
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dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
HUMAN WELFARE
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dc.subject
INFANT
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dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
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dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
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dc.subject
INFANT NUTRITION
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dc.subject
INFANTS
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dc.subject
INFECTION
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dc.subject
INFECTIONS
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dc.subject
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
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dc.subject
INTERVENTION
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
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dc.subject
LATRINES
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dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
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dc.subject
MALNUTRITION
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dc.subject
MATERNAL NUTRITION
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dc.subject
MEDICAL RESEARCH
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dc.subject
MEDICINE
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dc.subject
MOTHER
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dc.subject
MULTIPLE BIRTH
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dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
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dc.subject
NUTRITION
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dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
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dc.subject
OLDER CHILDREN
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dc.subject
ORAL REHYDRATION
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dc.subject
PAINS
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dc.subject
PATHOGENS
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dc.subject
PERINATAL MORTALITY
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dc.subject
PHYSICAL GROWTH
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dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
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dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
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dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
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dc.subject
POLICY RESPONSE
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dc.subject
POOR HEALTH
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dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
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dc.subject
PREGNANCY
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dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
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dc.subject
PREVALENCE
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dc.subject
PROGRESS
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dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
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dc.subject
RADIO
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dc.subject
RICHER PEOPLE
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RURAL AREAS
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dc.subject
RURAL WOMEN
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dc.subject
SANITARY CONDITIONS
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dc.subject
SANITATION
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dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
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dc.subject
SEX
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dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE
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dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
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dc.subject
STUNTING
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dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
TABOO
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dc.subject
TREATMENT
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dc.subject
TV
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dc.subject
UNDERNUTRITION
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dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
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dc.subject
WEIGHT GAIN
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WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
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dc.subject
YOUTH
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dc.title
How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain?
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okr.date.disclosure
2013-01-01
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/01/17211398/much-international-variation-child-height-can-sanitation-explain
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okr.globalpractice
Governance
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okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6351
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20130205082533
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okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17211398
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okr.identifier.report
WPS6351
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okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/02/05/000158349_20130205082533/Rendered/PDF/wps6351.pdf
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Africa
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okr.region.administrative
South Asia
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okr.topic
Early Child and Children's Health
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
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okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
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okr.topic
Disease Control and Prevention
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okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
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okr.topic
Health
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okr.topic
Nutrition and Population
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okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
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okr.volume
1 of 1
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