How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain?

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Spears, Dean
dc.date.accessioned
2013-04-11T19:54:05Z
dc.date.available
2013-04-11T19:54:05Z
dc.date.issued
2013-01
dc.description.abstract
Physical height is an important economic variable reflecting health and human capital. Puzzlingly, however, differences in average height across developing countries are not well explained by differences in wealth. In particular, children in India are shorter, on average, than children in Africa who are poorer, on average, a paradox called "the Asian enigma" which has received much attention from economists. This paper provides the first documentation of a quantitatively important gradient between child height and sanitation that can statistically explain a large fraction of international height differences. This association between sanitation and human capital is robustly stable, even after accounting for other heterogeneity, such as in GDP. The author applies three complementary empirical strategies to identify the association between sanitation and child height: country-level regressions across 140 country-years in 65 developing countries; within-country analysis of differences over time within Indian districts; and econometric decomposition of the India-Africa height differences in child-level data. Open defecation, which is exceptionally widespread in India, can account for much or all of the excess stunting in India.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13163
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6351
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ADEQUATE NUTRITION
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
BABIES
dc.subject
BIRTH WEIGHT
dc.subject
BREASTFEEDING
dc.subject
BULLETIN
dc.subject
CHILD GROWTH
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
CHILD MALNUTRITION
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILD STUNTING
dc.subject
CHILD WELFARE
dc.subject
CHILDBEARING
dc.subject
CHILDRENS HEALTH
dc.subject
CHOLERA
dc.subject
CHRONIC DISEASE
dc.subject
COMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
DEFECATION
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DIARRHEA
dc.subject
DIARRHOEA
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISPARITIES IN LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY HEALTH
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FEMALE LITERACY
dc.subject
FIRST BIRTH
dc.subject
FLUSH TOILETS
dc.subject
HEALTH EFFECTS
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH SURVEYS
dc.subject
HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD ASSETS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN BIOLOGY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN WELFARE
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
INFANT NUTRITION
dc.subject
INFANTS
dc.subject
INFECTION
dc.subject
INFECTIONS
dc.subject
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LATRINES
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
MALNUTRITION
dc.subject
MATERNAL NUTRITION
dc.subject
MEDICAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
MEDICINE
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
MULTIPLE BIRTH
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
dc.subject
OLDER CHILDREN
dc.subject
ORAL REHYDRATION
dc.subject
PAINS
dc.subject
PATHOGENS
dc.subject
PERINATAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
PHYSICAL GROWTH
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POLICY RESPONSE
dc.subject
POOR HEALTH
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject
PREVALENCE
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
RADIO
dc.subject
RICHER PEOPLE
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL WOMEN
dc.subject
SANITARY CONDITIONS
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject
STUNTING
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TABOO
dc.subject
TREATMENT
dc.subject
TV
dc.subject
UNDERNUTRITION
dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject
WEIGHT GAIN
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.title
How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain?
en
okr.date.disclosure
2013-01-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/01/17211398/much-international-variation-child-height-can-sanitation-explain
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6351
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20130205082533
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17211398
okr.identifier.report
WPS6351
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/02/05/000158349_20130205082533/Rendered/PDF/wps6351.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.topic
Early Child and Children's Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
okr.topic
Disease Control and Prevention
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Health
okr.topic
Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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