The Right Skills for the Job? Rethinking Training Policies for Workers

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dc.contributor.author
Almeida, Rita
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Behrman, Jere
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Robalino, David
en_US
dc.contributor.editor
Almeida, Rita
en_US
dc.contributor.editor
Behrman, Jere
en_US
dc.contributor.editor
Robalino, David
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2013-03-29T17:20:55Z
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dc.date.available
2013-03-29T17:20:55Z
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dc.date.issued
2012
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dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8714-6
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dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-8714-6
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13075
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dc.description.abstract
This book addresses the question of how to build and upgrade job relevant skills. Specifically, the authors focus on three types of training programs relevant for individuals who are leaving formal general schooling or are already in the labor market: pre-employment technical and vocational education and training (TVET); on-the-job training (OJT); and training-related active labor market programs (ALMPs). ALMPs are usually of shorter duration and target individuals who are seeking a second chance and who do not have access to TVET or OJT; these are often low-skilled unemployed or informal workers. Contrary to training-related ALMPs, pre-employment TVET is usually offered within the formal schooling track and tends to be administered by the ministries of education. The book discusses the main justifications for these programs and how they relate to market failures that can lead to underinvestment in training and misalignment between supply and demand for skills. Unfortunately, governments are also prone to failure and many of the programs that countries have adopted today are part of the problem and not the solution. This book proposes options to improve the design and implementation of current skills development systems. Clearly, the authors cannot cover all issues in detail. Training methods among TVET, OJT, and ALMP programs are quite different, ranging from classroom instruction, laboratory research, TVET workshops, and apprenticeship arrangements and internships in firms. All have different challenges and specificities. The report highlights the most important design features of the different programs and points to the main knowledge gaps and areas for future research and analysis. The book is organized into five chapters. Following this overview, chapter two introduces the policy framework that guides the analysis in the book. This framework describes the main market and government failures that require attention and identifies potential interventions to address them. Chapter's three to five then discuss the main challenges facing, respectively, TVET, OJT, and training-related ALMP programs and outlines recommendations to address them. The rest of this overview summarizes the main messages from each of the chapters and in the last section outlines the main knowledge gaps and proposes an agenda for future research and policy analysis.
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Human Development Perspectives;
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
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dc.subject
Academic Programs
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dc.subject
access to training
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dc.subject
acquisition of knowledge
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dc.subject
Adolescent Girls
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dc.subject
adults
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dc.subject
apprenticeship arrangements
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dc.subject
bargaining
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dc.subject
bargaining power
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dc.subject
basic education
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dc.subject
Basic Skills
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dc.subject
bureaucracies
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dc.subject
business processes
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dc.subject
business services
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dc.subject
capital markets
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dc.subject
classroom
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dc.subject
classroom instruction
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dc.subject
classroom learning
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dc.subject
cognitive skills
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dc.subject
communication skills
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dc.subject
competitive bidding
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dc.subject
competitive labor markets
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dc.subject
continuous training
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dc.subject
craftsmen
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dc.subject
curricula
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dc.subject
curriculum
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dc.subject
data collection
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dc.subject
Data Sources
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dc.subject
decision-making
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dc.subject
Development Strategies
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dc.subject
Displaced Workers
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dc.subject
Division of Labor
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dc.subject
early childhood
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dc.subject
early childhood development
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dc.subject
early years of life
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dc.subject
Economic Growth
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dc.subject
economic sectors
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dc.subject
Economics
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dc.subject
educated workers
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dc.subject
Education for All
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dc.subject
education institutions
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dc.subject
Education programs
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dc.subject
Education Reform
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dc.subject
Education Sector
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dc.subject
education system
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dc.subject
education systems
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dc.subject
educational activities
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dc.subject
Educational Development
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dc.subject
Employment
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dc.subject
employment opportunities
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dc.subject
enrollment
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dc.subject
externalities
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dc.subject
Financial institutions
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dc.subject
formal schooling
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dc.subject
Free Press
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dc.subject
gender differences
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dc.subject
Gender discrimination
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dc.subject
general education
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dc.subject
general secondary education
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dc.subject
Girls
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dc.subject
Global Education
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dc.subject
high school
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dc.subject
high unemployment
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dc.subject
higher levels of education
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dc.subject
Human Capital
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dc.subject
Human development
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dc.subject
imperfect information
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dc.subject
Income
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dc.subject
Industrial Training
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dc.subject
innovation
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dc.subject
innovations
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dc.subject
instructional content
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dc.subject
Insurance
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dc.subject
interactive skills
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dc.subject
internships
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dc.subject
Interventions
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investments in education
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dc.subject
Job Training
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dc.subject
labor costs
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dc.subject
Labor Economics
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dc.subject
Labor Force
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dc.subject
Labor Market
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dc.subject
labor market indicators
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dc.subject
Labor Market Policies
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dc.subject
labor markets
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dc.subject
labor mobility
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dc.subject
labor policies
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dc.subject
Labour
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dc.subject
leadership
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dc.subject
Level of Education
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dc.subject
life skills
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dc.subject
literacy
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dc.subject
living standards
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dc.subject
low levels of education
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dc.subject
lower secondary education
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dc.subject
Manpower
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dc.subject
Manpower policy
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dc.subject
Market Failures
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dc.subject
new entrants
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dc.subject
nongovernmental organizations
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dc.subject
numeracy
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dc.subject
Occupational training
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dc.subject
occupations
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Pecuniary externalities
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dc.subject
perfect competition
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dc.subject
political institutions
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dc.subject
political process
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dc.subject
problem solving
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dc.subject
problem-solving skills
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dc.subject
production techniques
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dc.subject
Productivity
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dc.subject
productivity growth
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dc.subject
public institutions
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dc.subject
quality education
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dc.subject
quality standards
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dc.subject
resource allocation
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dc.subject
Retraining
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dc.subject
schooling
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dc.subject
schools
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dc.subject
secondary education
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dc.subject
secondary school
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dc.subject
secondary schools
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dc.subject
skill development
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dc.subject
skilled labor
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dc.subject
Skilled Workers
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dc.subject
Skills Acquisition
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dc.subject
Skills Development
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dc.subject
Skills Training
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dc.subject
social benefits
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dc.subject
social skills
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dc.subject
student characteristics
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dc.subject
student learning
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dc.subject
student loans
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dc.subject
Target Populations
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dc.subject
teachers
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dc.subject
Teaching
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dc.subject
Technical Education
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dc.subject
tertiary education
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dc.subject
trainees
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dc.subject
Training centers
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dc.subject
training costs
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dc.subject
training courses
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dc.subject
Training Programs
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dc.subject
training providers
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Unemployed
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dc.subject
Unemployment
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dc.subject
Unemployment Rates
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dc.subject
universities
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dc.subject
unskilled labor
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dc.subject
Unskilled Workers
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dc.subject
Vocational education
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dc.subject
vocational skills
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dc.subject
Vocational Training
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dc.subject
vulnerable groups
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dc.subject
wage subsidies
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dc.subject
Wages
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dc.subject
writing skills
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dc.subject
Young People
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dc.subject
Youth
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dc.title
The Right Skills for the Job? Rethinking Training Policies for Workers
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okr.volume
1 of 1
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okr.date.disclosure
2012-07-11
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okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
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okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
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okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
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okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: ICT Policy and Strategies
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okr.identifier.report
70908
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okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8714-6
en_US
okr.unit
IEG Public Sector (IEGPS)
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okr.doctype
Publication
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
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okr.globalpractice
Education
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okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
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okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
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okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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