Labor Markets and School-to-Work Transition in Egypt : Diagnostics, Constraints, and Policy Framework

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collection.link.214
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11872
collection.name.214
Policy Notes
dc.contributor.author
Angel-Urdinola, Diego
dc.contributor.author
Semlali, Amina
dc.date.accessioned
2013-03-28T19:55:29Z
dc.date.available
2013-03-28T19:55:29Z
dc.date.issued
2010-11
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-13T12:23:30Z
dc.description.abstract
Analysis in this policy note indicates a rapid deterioration in employment opportunities for young individuals transitioning from school to work in Egypt. Despite substantial improvements in labor market outcomes in recent years (in raising employment and participation and in lowering unemployment), unemployment rates in Egypt remain exceedingly high among youth entering the labor market for the first time. A slow school-to-work transition remains the main reason behind high unemployment rates. Young entrants to the labor market have become more educated than ever before: the share of the working-age-population with university education in Egypt has increased significantly between the years 1998 and 2006 (from 14% to 19% among men and from 9% to 14% among women). However, youth are unable to capitalize the time and resources invested in their education as the labor market is not providing enough good-quality jobs for them. To cope with scarce formal jobs, young-educated workers are opting to work in the informal sector and/or withdraw from the labor force, which is contributing to a deadweight loss of recent investments in education. There are three key factors that seem to explain why school-to-job transition remains low in Egypt: investments in the private sector remain low and capital intensive, new graduates are not equipped with the skills demanded by the private sector, and the public sector still provides incentives for educated individuals (mainly women) to queue for private sector jobs. There are several policy options used in the international context to further enhance the performance of the labor market; such as enhancing employability of new entrants, reforming the technical and vocational training system, and designing targeted programs aiming to boost labor demand.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/11/16332888/labor-markets-school-to-work-transition-egypt-diagnostics-constraints-policy-framework
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13050
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSENTEEISM
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subject
ATTRITION
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION RATE
dc.subject
CREATING JOBS
dc.subject
DAYCARE FACILITIES
dc.subject
DEADWEIGHT
dc.subject
DEADWEIGHT LOSS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject
DISMISSAL
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
EARLY IDENTIFICATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EMPLOYABILITY
dc.subject
EMPLOYABLE SKILLS
dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GENERATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT POLICY
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SHARE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT TRAINING
dc.subject
ENTRY-LEVEL JOBS
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FEMALE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY
dc.subject
FINDING JOBS
dc.subject
FIRING COSTS
dc.subject
FIRM PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
FIRM SIZE
dc.subject
FUTURE GENERATIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
JOB DESTRUCTION
dc.subject
JOB EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
JOB LOSSES
dc.subject
JOB MARKET
dc.subject
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
JOB SECURITY
dc.subject
JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject
JOB VACANCIES
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
LABOR COST
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR INTENSITY
dc.subject
LABOR LAW
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET IMPACT
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET INDICATORS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET INFORMATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET INTERMEDIATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET NEEDS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET PROGRAM
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REFORM
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REFORMS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET RIGIDITY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR OFFICES
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LABOUR
dc.subject
LABOUR OFFICE
dc.subject
LIFE SKILLS
dc.subject
LOCAL EMPLOYERS
dc.subject
LOCAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICES
dc.subject
LOCAL LABOR OFFICES
dc.subject
MANPOWER
dc.subject
MATHEMATICS
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
NET EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
NET JOB CREATION
dc.subject
OCCUPATION
dc.subject
ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
dc.subject
PAYROLL TAX
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MONITORING
dc.subject
POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POPULATION COUNCIL
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE ENTERPRISE
dc.subject
PRIVATE FIRMS
dc.subject
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTORS
dc.subject
PRIVATE TRAINING
dc.subject
PRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PROGRAM COMPLETION
dc.subject
PROGRAM CONTENT
dc.subject
PROGRAM COSTS
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS
dc.subject
REAL INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
REAL WAGES
dc.subject
RETIREMENT
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SEASONAL LABOR
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SERVANTS
dc.subject
SERVICE FACILITIES
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTORS
dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAY
dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SKILLS ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject
STABLE JOB
dc.subject
TECHNICAL SKILLS
dc.subject
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TEMPORARY JOB
dc.subject
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TRADE UNIONS
dc.subject
TRAINING CENTER
dc.subject
TRAINING CENTERS
dc.subject
TRAINING COURSES
dc.subject
TRAINING INSTITUTION
dc.subject
TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
TRAINING PROGRAM
dc.subject
TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
TRAINING PROVIDER
dc.subject
TRAINING PROVIDERS
dc.subject
TRAINING SYSTEM
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED PERSONS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED YOUTH
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS
dc.subject
UNIVERSITY EDUCATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject
WAGE POLICY
dc.subject
WAGE RATE
dc.subject
WORK EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject
YOUNG MOTHERS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject
YOUNG WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH LABOR
dc.subject
YOUTH TRAINING
dc.subject
YOUTH TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.title
Labor Markets and School-to-Work Transition in Egypt : Diagnostics, Constraints, and Policy Framework
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2012-06-05
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/11/16332888/labor-markets-school-to-work-transition-egypt-diagnostics-constraints-policy-framework
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000425970_20120605114457
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16332888
okr.identifier.report
69306
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/06/05/000425970_20120605114457/Rendered/PDF/693060ESW0P1200it0220120dau000Copy.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Egypt, Arab Republic of
okr.sector
Education :: Vocational training
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Other social services
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Social risk mitigation
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Health
okr.topic
Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Human Development Group (MNSHD)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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