Policy and Investment Priorities to Reduce Environmental Degradation of the lake Nicaragua Watershed (Cocibolca) : Addressing Key Environmental Challenges - Study 2

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collection.link.55
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2163
collection.name.55
Country Environmental Analysis
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2013-03-28T18:24:42Z
dc.date.available
2013-03-28T18:24:42Z
dc.date.issued
2010-06-29
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:02Z
dc.description.abstract
Globally, an estimated 24 percent of the disease burden (healthy life years lost) and an estimated 23 percent of all deaths (premature mortality) are attributable to environmental risks (World Health Organization, or WHO 2006). The burden of disease is unequally shared, with the children and the poor being particularly affected. Among children between the ages 0 and 14, the proportion of deaths attributable to environmental risks, such as poor water and sanitation, indoor air pollution and vector-borne diseases, is estimated to be as high as 36 percent (WHO 2006). Several key messages have emerged from the process of putting together this study: (i) environmental health risks impose a significant burden on Nicaragua's economy, amounting to 2.6 billion Nicaraguan Cordoba (NIO) or 2.4 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and result in premature deaths and infections, especially in children under five; (ii) cost-effective interventions to address these environmental health risks exist and should be prioritized in Nicaragua; (iii) country-specific health and environmental data are somewhat limited, especially in the case of air quality, and data collection and monitoring need to be further strengthened; and (iv) the capacity of Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARENA) and Ministry of Health (MINSA) staff to conduct environmental health costing analysis needs to be strengthened through proper training.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/06/16336040/nicaragua-addressing-key-environmental-challenges-vol-2-2-policy-investment-priorities-reduce-environmental-degradation-lake-nicaragua-watershed-cocibolca
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13041
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACTION PLANS
dc.subject
ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT
dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECTS
dc.subject
ADVERSE IMPACTS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL EXPANSION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL FIELDS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL LAND
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
ALGAE
dc.subject
ALGAL GROWTH
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOODS
dc.subject
ANECDOTAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject
ANIMAL
dc.subject
ANNUAL PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
ANNUAL RUNOFF
dc.subject
AQUACULTURE
dc.subject
AQUATIC LIFE
dc.subject
AQUEDUCTS
dc.subject
AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject
BACTERIA
dc.subject
BASINS
dc.subject
BEACHES
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
BIOSPHERE
dc.subject
BIOSPHERE RESERVE
dc.subject
BIRD
dc.subject
BIRD SPECIES
dc.subject
BIRDS
dc.subject
BREEDING
dc.subject
BREEDING GROUNDS
dc.subject
BROAD RANGE
dc.subject
BURNING
dc.subject
CARP
dc.subject
CATTLE
dc.subject
CERTIFICATION
dc.subject
CIVIL UNREST
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COAST
dc.subject
COASTAL AREAS
dc.subject
COASTAL TOURISM
dc.subject
COASTAL ZONE
dc.subject
CONFLICT RESOLUTION
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
CONSERVATION STATUS
dc.subject
CONSERVATION TILLAGE
dc.subject
CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
CONTAMINANTS
dc.subject
CRITICAL AREAS
dc.subject
CROP PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CROPS
dc.subject
CULTIVATED AREA
dc.subject
DATA GAPS
dc.subject
DEPTH ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
DISCHARGE
dc.subject
DOMESTIC USE
dc.subject
DOMESTIC WATER
dc.subject
DRAINAGE
dc.subject
DREDGING
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
DRY SEASON
dc.subject
ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES
dc.subject
ECOLOGY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM HEALTH
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
ENCROACHMENT
dc.subject
ENDEMIC FISH
dc.subject
ENDEMIC FISH SPECIES
dc.subject
ENDEMIC SPECIES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
EROSION
dc.subject
EUTROPHICATION
dc.subject
EUTROPHICATION PROBLEMS
dc.subject
EXOTIC FISH
dc.subject
EXOTIC FISH SPECIES
dc.subject
EXPOSURE
dc.subject
FARM MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FARMS
dc.subject
FISH
dc.subject
FISH KILLS
dc.subject
FISH POPULATIONS
dc.subject
FISH STOCKS
dc.subject
FISHERIES
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST COVER
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FRESHWATER
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
GRASSLANDS
dc.subject
GROUNDWATER
dc.subject
GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE
dc.subject
HABITATS
dc.subject
HARM
dc.subject
HIGH LEVELS
dc.subject
HYDROLOGY
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL WATER
dc.subject
INVASIVE SPECIES
dc.subject
IRON
dc.subject
IRRIGATION
dc.subject
IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
IRRIGATION WATER
dc.subject
ISSUES
dc.subject
LAKE
dc.subject
LAKE SEDIMENTS
dc.subject
LAKES
dc.subject
LAND DEGRADATION
dc.subject
LAND TENURE
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND USES
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
dc.subject
MAMMAL SPECIES
dc.subject
MESOAMERICAN BIOLOGICAL CORRIDOR
dc.subject
METEOROLOGICAL DATA
dc.subject
MITIGATION
dc.subject
MONITORING PROGRAM
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER
dc.subject
NATIONAL FISHERIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL PARK
dc.subject
NATIVE FISH
dc.subject
NATIVE SPECIES
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NATURAL WETLANDS
dc.subject
NEW SPECIES
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
NON-NATIVE SPECIES
dc.subject
NUTRIENT CONTENT
dc.subject
NUTRIENT FLOWS
dc.subject
NUTRIENT LEVELS
dc.subject
NUTRIENT LOADS
dc.subject
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
dc.subject
OXIDATION
dc.subject
OXYGEN LEVELS
dc.subject
PASTURE
dc.subject
PASTURE PRODUCTION
dc.subject
PASTURES
dc.subject
PESTICIDE USE
dc.subject
PHOSPHORUS
dc.subject
PHYTOPLANKTON
dc.subject
PLANNING PROCESS
dc.subject
PLANT
dc.subject
PLANTATIONS
dc.subject
PLASTIC BAGS
dc.subject
POINT SOURCE
dc.subject
POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
dc.subject
POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
PONDS
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POTABLE WATER
dc.subject
PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
PRESSURE
dc.subject
PROTECTED AREAS
dc.subject
PROTECTION OF WETLANDS
dc.subject
PUBLIC AWARENESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH RISKS
dc.subject
PUMPING
dc.subject
QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject
RAINFALL
dc.subject
RAINFALL CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
RAINFALL PATTERNS
dc.subject
RANGES
dc.subject
RECREATIONAL FISHING
dc.subject
REGIONAL CLIMATE
dc.subject
REMOTE SENSING
dc.subject
REPTILES
dc.subject
RESERVOIR
dc.subject
RESTAURANTS
dc.subject
RESTORATION
dc.subject
RIVER
dc.subject
RIVER BASINS
dc.subject
RIVER NETWORK
dc.subject
RIVER WATERSHED
dc.subject
RIVERS
dc.subject
RUNOFF
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SEDIMENT
dc.subject
SEDIMENT LOAD
dc.subject
SEDIMENT LOADS
dc.subject
SEDIMENTS
dc.subject
SHORE
dc.subject
SHORES
dc.subject
SHRUBS
dc.subject
SIGNIFICANT WETLANDS
dc.subject
SOIL DEGRADATION
dc.subject
SOIL EROSION
dc.subject
SOIL FERTILITY
dc.subject
SOILS
dc.subject
SPECIES
dc.subject
SPECIES OF FISH
dc.subject
STABILIZATION PONDS
dc.subject
STORMS
dc.subject
STREAM
dc.subject
STREAM CHANNELS
dc.subject
STREAM FLOW
dc.subject
STREAMS
dc.subject
SUGARCANE
dc.subject
SURFACE AREA
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE USE
dc.subject
TILAPIA
dc.subject
TOPOGRAPHY
dc.subject
TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
dc.subject
TOXIC ALGAE
dc.subject
TREATING WASTEWATER
dc.subject
TREE
dc.subject
VEGETATION
dc.subject
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
dc.subject
WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
WATER CONTAMINATION
dc.subject
WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject
WATER QUALITY
dc.subject
WATER QUANTITY
dc.subject
WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject
WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WATER SOURCES
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
WATER TREATMENT
dc.subject
WATERSHED
dc.subject
WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WATERSHED PROTECTION
dc.subject
WATERSHEDS
dc.subject
WET SEASON
dc.subject
WETLAND
dc.subject
WETLAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WETLAND PROTECTION
dc.subject
WETLAND SYSTEMS
dc.subject
WETLANDS
dc.subject
WILDLIFE
dc.subject
WILDLIFE REFUGE
dc.subject
WILDLIFE REFUGES
dc.title
Policy and Investment Priorities to Reduce Environmental Degradation of the lake Nicaragua Watershed (Cocibolca) : Addressing Key Environmental Challenges - Study 2
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-06-06
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Country Environmental Analysis (CEA)
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/06/16336040/nicaragua-addressing-key-environmental-challenges-vol-2-2-policy-investment-priorities-reduce-environmental-degradation-lake-nicaragua-watershed-cocibolca
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Water
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20120606005526
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16336040
okr.identifier.report
67497
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/06/06/000333037_20120606005526/Rendered/PDF/674970v20REVIS0ENGLISH0June2902010.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Nicaragua
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: Renewable energy
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: General energy sector
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Forestry
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Other environment and natural resources management
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Environmental policies and institutions
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Water Supply and Systems
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water and Industry
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Wetlands
okr.topic
Environment :: Wildlife Resources
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.unit
Environment (LCSEN)
okr.volume
2 of 4

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