Panama Poverty Assessment : Translating Growth into Opportunities and Poverty Reduction

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collection.link.17
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2118
collection.name.17
Poverty Assessment
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2013-03-12T20:12:42Z
dc.date.available
2013-03-12T20:12:42Z
dc.date.issued
2011-06-30
dc.description.abstract
Panama is one of the richest and fastest growing economies in Latin America; however it is considered a country of stark contrasts and, for some of its citizens, abysmal poverty. Large disparities in extreme poverty, poverty, and in other measures of human development exist among its citizens. This chapter examines the trends in economic growth, inequality and poverty in Panama between 1997 and 2008 at both the national level and by region, ethnicity and gender. It presents characterization of the patterns of consumption growth across the consumption distribution (including whether the growth is 'pro-poor'). Next, it examines the role of internal migration flows in explaining shifts in poverty and extreme poverty between rural and urban areas. Lastly, the chapter begins to analyze the inequality of access to basic opportunities among children using the Human Opportunity Index (HOI). The Human Opportunity Index (HOI) is an operational measure of opportunities that takes into account both coverage and the distribution of access to basic goods and services by children, who cannot be held accountable for pre-determined circumstances at birth such as their race, gender, family income, parents' education level, or place of residence. The study is based on nationally-representative Living Standards Measurement Surveys (LSMS), which were conducted in 1997, 2003 and 2008. The LSMS household questionnaire includes quantitative data on various aspects of living conditions, including household structure, housing, infrastructure, health, nutrition, education and training, economic activity (labor), migration, spending and consumption, income, savings, credit, independent business activities, and agriculture. Since the latest available information is for 2008, the poverty numbers presented here reflect the Panamanian situation after the end of the period of high growth but before the impact of the 2008-09 global financial crises. With this latest dataset, there are now three comparable household surveys that allow for the study of the evolution of poverty in Panama between 1997, 2003, and 2008.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2011/06/16465530/panama-poverty-assessment-translating-growth-opportunities-poverty-reduction
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12671
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SANITATION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SCHOOLS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SECTORS
dc.subject
ANNUAL GROWTH
dc.subject
BENEFICIARY FAMILIES
dc.subject
CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
dc.subject
CARIBBEAN REGION
dc.subject
CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM
dc.subject
CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject
CASH TRANSFERS
dc.subject
CHANGES IN POVERTY
dc.subject
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CLEAN WATER
dc.subject
COLLEGE EDUCATION
dc.subject
CONSUMER PRICES
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION AGGREGATE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION GROWTH
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION MEASURE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING
dc.subject
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
dc.subject
DESTITUTE FAMILIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
dc.subject
DIET
dc.subject
DIRECT TRANSFERS
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF ACCESS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject
EDUCATION OF PARENTS
dc.subject
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
EQUITABLE ACCESS
dc.subject
EXTREME POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FOOD BASKET
dc.subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FOOD POVERTY
dc.subject
FOOD POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
FOOD PRICES
dc.subject
GINI COEFFICIENT
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GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
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GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject
GROWTH ELASTICITY
dc.subject
GROWTH PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
HEADCOUNT POVERTY
dc.subject
HEADCOUNT RATIO
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HIGH GROWTH
dc.subject
HIGH POVERTY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME DATA
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
JOB TRAINING
dc.subject
LEVELS OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LONG RUN
dc.subject
MALNUTRITION
dc.subject
MEANS TESTING
dc.subject
MEASLES
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MODEL SPECIFICATIONS
dc.subject
MONEY TRANSFERS
dc.subject
MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL POPULATION
dc.subject
NATIONAL POVERTY
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PER CAPITA GROWTH
dc.subject
PLACE OF RESIDENCE
dc.subject
PLACES OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
POOR WOMEN
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY ESTIMATES
dc.subject
POVERTY GAP
dc.subject
POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject
POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
POVERTY MAPS
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION POLICIES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAMS
dc.subject
POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject
PREGNANCIES
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject
PRENATAL CARE
dc.subject
PRICE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRO-POOR
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
RATE OF GROWTH
dc.subject
REDUCING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
REDUCING POVERTY
dc.subject
REGIONAL AVERAGE
dc.subject
REGIONAL AVERAGES
dc.subject
REGIONAL CONTEXT
dc.subject
RELATIVE IMPORTANCE
dc.subject
REPEATERS
dc.subject
RURAL
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RURAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
RURAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
RURAL ORIGIN
dc.subject
RURAL PHENOMENON
dc.subject
RURAL POOR
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject
RURAL PUBLIC
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SANITATION
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SCARCE RESOURCES
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECONDARY DEGREE
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECTORAL POLICIES
dc.subject
SEGMENTS OF SOCIETY
dc.subject
SERVICES FOR CHILDREN
dc.subject
SMALL ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SPENDING
dc.subject
SUBSISTENCE
dc.subject
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS
dc.subject
TARGETING
dc.subject
TEEN
dc.subject
TEENAGE PREGNANCY
dc.subject
TEENAGERS
dc.subject
TEENS
dc.subject
TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
UNFPA
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL ACCESS
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN DWELLERS
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
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URBAN POOR
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
WELFARE MEASURE
dc.title
Panama Poverty Assessment : Translating Growth into Opportunities and Poverty Reduction
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-07-03
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2011/06/16465530/panama-poverty-assessment-translating-growth-opportunities-poverty-reduction
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20120704025002
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16465530
okr.identifier.report
62955
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/07/04/000333038_20120704025002/Rendered/PDF/629550ESW0P11300Report0No.0629550PA.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Panama
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
okr.theme
Economic management
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Regional Economic Development
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic
Health
okr.topic
Nutrition and Population
okr.volume
1 of 1

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