Opening Doors : Gender Equality and Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author
World Bank
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2013-02-27T20:39:09Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2013-02-27T20:39:09Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2013-02-06
en_US
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9763-3
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12552
en_US
dc.description.abstract
Since the early 1990s, countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region have made admirable progress in reducing the gap between girls and boys in areas such as access to education and health care. Indeed, almost all young girls in the Region attend school, and more women than men are enrolled in university. Over the past two decades, maternal mortality declined 60 percent, the largest decrease in the world. Women in MENA are more educated than ever before. It is not only in the protest squares that have seen women whose aspirations are changing rapidly but increasingly unmet. The worldwide average for the participation of women in the workforce is approximately 50 percent. In MENA, their participation is half that at 25 percent. Facing popular pressure to be more open and inclusive, some governments in the region are considering and implementing electoral and constitutional reforms to deepen democracy. These reforms present an opportunity to enhance economic, social, and political inclusion for all, including women, who make up half the population. However, the outlook remains uncertain. Finally, there are limited private sector and entrepreneurial prospects not only for jobs but also for those women who aspire to create and run a business. These constraints present multiple challenges for reform. Each country in MENA will, of course, confront these constraints in different contexts. However, inherent in many of these challenges are rich opportunities as reforms unleash new economic actors. For the private sector, the challenge is to create more jobs for young women and men. The World Bank has been pursuing an exciting pilot program in Jordan to assist young women graduates in preparing to face the work environment.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en_US
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries
MENA Development Report;
en_US
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
en_US
dc.subject
access to education
en_US
dc.subject
access to health care
en_US
dc.subject
adolescent girls
en_US
dc.subject
adolescents
en_US
dc.subject
age of marriage
en_US
dc.subject
babies
en_US
dc.subject
basic health care
en_US
dc.subject
basic human right
en_US
dc.subject
Births
en_US
dc.subject
Bulletin
en_US
dc.subject
catalysts
en_US
dc.subject
Child Care
en_US
dc.subject
Child Marriages
en_US
dc.subject
children per woman
en_US
dc.subject
citizens
en_US
dc.subject
citizenship
en_US
dc.subject
community development
en_US
dc.subject
contraceptive use
en_US
dc.subject
democracy
en_US
dc.subject
Demographic Transition
en_US
dc.subject
demographic trends
en_US
dc.subject
developing countries
en_US
dc.subject
discrimination
en_US
dc.subject
discrimination against women
en_US
dc.subject
divorce
en_US
dc.subject
domestic violence
en_US
dc.subject
early childhood
en_US
dc.subject
economic empowerment
en_US
dc.subject
economic growth
en_US
dc.subject
economic opportunities
en_US
dc.subject
economic productivity
en_US
dc.subject
educated women
en_US
dc.subject
educational attainment
en_US
dc.subject
employment opportunities
en_US
dc.subject
Empowering Women
en_US
dc.subject
Empowerment of Women
en_US
dc.subject
enforcement of laws
en_US
dc.subject
equal access
en_US
dc.subject
equal opportunities
en_US
dc.subject
equal opportunities for women
en_US
dc.subject
equal partners
en_US
dc.subject
equal treatment
en_US
dc.subject
equal work
en_US
dc.subject
Female Education
en_US
dc.subject
Female Immigrants
en_US
dc.subject
Female Labor
en_US
dc.subject
Female Labor Force
en_US
dc.subject
Female Labor Force Participation
en_US
dc.subject
Female life expectancy
en_US
dc.subject
Female Literacy
en_US
dc.subject
Female Mortality
en_US
dc.subject
Female Workers
en_US
dc.subject
Fertility
en_US
dc.subject
Fertility Rates
en_US
dc.subject
fewer children
en_US
dc.subject
fewer women
en_US
dc.subject
focus group discussions
en_US
dc.subject
Forms of Discrimination
en_US
dc.subject
future generations
en_US
dc.subject
gap between girls
en_US
dc.subject
Gender
en_US
dc.subject
gender balance
en_US
dc.subject
gender differences
en_US
dc.subject
gender disparities
en_US
dc.subject
Gender Equality
en_US
dc.subject
Gender Equity
en_US
dc.subject
gender gap
en_US
dc.subject
gender gap in education
en_US
dc.subject
gender gap in literacy
en_US
dc.subject
Gender Gaps
en_US
dc.subject
gender inequalities
en_US
dc.subject
gender issues
en_US
dc.subject
Gender Norms
en_US
dc.subject
gender parity
en_US
dc.subject
gender perspective
en_US
dc.subject
Gender Policy
en_US
dc.subject
Gender Unit
en_US
dc.subject
Girls in School
en_US
dc.subject
Gross domestic product
en_US
dc.subject
health care
en_US
dc.subject
health services
en_US
dc.subject
Household Chores
en_US
dc.subject
household duties
en_US
dc.subject
household income
en_US
dc.subject
household level
en_US
dc.subject
household responsibilities
en_US
dc.subject
Household surveys
en_US
dc.subject
human capital
en_US
dc.subject
Human Development
en_US
dc.subject
Human Rights
en_US
dc.subject
husbands
en_US
dc.subject
illiteracy
en_US
dc.subject
Immigrants
en_US
dc.subject
Importance of Education
en_US
dc.subject
Inequality
en_US
dc.subject
infant
en_US
dc.subject
infant mortality
en_US
dc.subject
international conventions
en_US
dc.subject
International Cooperation
en_US
dc.subject
investment in children
en_US
dc.subject
Investment in Education
en_US
dc.subject
job creation
en_US
dc.subject
job opportunities
en_US
dc.subject
job security
en_US
dc.subject
Labor Market
en_US
dc.subject
labor markets
en_US
dc.subject
labor supply
en_US
dc.subject
Labour Market
en_US
dc.subject
Labour Organization
en_US
dc.subject
legal rights
en_US
dc.subject
legal status
en_US
dc.subject
levels of education
en_US
dc.subject
life expectancy
en_US
dc.subject
Lives of Women
en_US
dc.subject
local community
en_US
dc.subject
low-income countries
en_US
dc.subject
Low-income country
en_US
dc.subject
lower fertility
en_US
dc.subject
Marital Status
en_US
dc.subject
marriage age
en_US
dc.subject
Married Women
en_US
dc.subject
maternal mortality
en_US
dc.subject
maternal mortality rate
en_US
dc.subject
maternal mortality rates
en_US
dc.subject
maternity leave
en_US
dc.subject
minority
en_US
dc.subject
mother
en_US
dc.subject
national level
en_US
dc.subject
natural resource
en_US
dc.subject
newborn
en_US
dc.subject
number of girls
en_US
dc.subject
number of women
en_US
dc.subject
Opportunities for Women
en_US
dc.subject
parliamentary seats
en_US
dc.subject
Parliamentary Union
en_US
dc.subject
participation in society
en_US
dc.subject
participation of women
en_US
dc.subject
Peace
en_US
dc.subject
pensions
en_US
dc.subject
Personal Status Laws
en_US
dc.subject
political participation
en_US
dc.subject
political parties
en_US
dc.subject
political rights
en_US
dc.subject
political support
en_US
dc.subject
polygamy
en_US
dc.subject
Population Council
en_US
dc.subject
Population Division
en_US
dc.subject
Population Estimates
en_US
dc.subject
Population Reference Bureau
en_US
dc.subject
prenatal care
en_US
dc.subject
primary education
en_US
dc.subject
Primary school
en_US
dc.subject
Progress
en_US
dc.subject
Public Policy
en_US
dc.subject
Public Sphere
en_US
dc.subject
quality of education
en_US
dc.subject
rate of growth
en_US
dc.subject
reform laws
en_US
dc.subject
religious leaders
en_US
dc.subject
reproductive health
en_US
dc.subject
reproductive health services
en_US
dc.subject
respect
en_US
dc.subject
right to education
en_US
dc.subject
Rights of Women
en_US
dc.subject
Salaried Workers
en_US
dc.subject
Secondary Education
en_US
dc.subject
service delivery
en_US
dc.subject
Sex
en_US
dc.subject
Sex discrimination
en_US
dc.subject
Sex discrimination against women
en_US
dc.subject
Sex Ratios
en_US
dc.subject
single mothers
en_US
dc.subject
Single Women
en_US
dc.subject
skilled workers
en_US
dc.subject
Social Affairs
en_US
dc.subject
social barriers
en_US
dc.subject
social cohesion
en_US
dc.subject
Social Institutions
en_US
dc.subject
Social Norms
en_US
dc.subject
Social Security
en_US
dc.subject
social unrest
en_US
dc.subject
son preference
en_US
dc.subject
spouses
en_US
dc.subject
status of women
en_US
dc.subject
Sustainable Development
en_US
dc.subject
tertiary education
en_US
dc.subject
tertiary level
en_US
dc.subject
traditional gender roles
en_US
dc.subject
traditional media
en_US
dc.subject
transportation
en_US
dc.subject
treaties
en_US
dc.subject
UNDP
en_US
dc.subject
Unemployment
en_US
dc.subject
Unemployment Rates
en_US
dc.subject
UNESCO
en_US
dc.subject
UNFPA
en_US
dc.subject
UNIFEM
en_US
dc.subject
United Nations
en_US
dc.subject
United Nations Development Fund for Women
en_US
dc.subject
United Nations Development Programme
en_US
dc.subject
United Nations Population Fund
en_US
dc.subject
urban community
en_US
dc.subject
Wage Gap
en_US
dc.subject
War
en_US
dc.subject
WDR
en_US
dc.subject
Woman
en_US
dc.subject
Workforce
en_US
dc.subject
working conditions
en_US
dc.subject
Working Women
en_US
dc.subject
working-age population
en_US
dc.subject
World Health Organization
en_US
dc.subject
young girls
en_US
dc.subject
young men
en_US
dc.subject
young mothers
en_US
dc.subject
Young People
en_US
dc.subject
Young Women
en_US
dc.title
Opening Doors : Gender Equality and Development in the Middle East and North Africa
en_US
okr.date.disclosure
2013-02-07
en_US
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
en_US
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Health
en_US
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
en_US
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Law
en_US
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Development
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
en_US
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
en_US
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
en_US
okr.identifier.report
75181
en_US
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9763-3
en_US
okr.unit
Middle East and North Africa Econ. Policy, Poverty & Gender (MNSED)
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
en_US
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Education
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Governance
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
en_US
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
en_US
okr.externalurl
http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/03/14/missing-voices-gender-equality-in-the-arab-world
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)