The Global HIV Epidemics among Sex Workers

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collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Kerrigan, Deanna
dc.contributor.author
Wirtz, Andrea
dc.contributor.author
Baral, Stefan
dc.contributor.author
Decker, Michele
dc.contributor.author
Murray, Laura
dc.contributor.author
Poteat, Tonia
dc.contributor.author
Pretorius, Carel
dc.contributor.author
Sherman, Susan
dc.contributor.author
Sweat, Mike
dc.contributor.author
Semini, Iris
dc.contributor.author
N'Jie, N'Della
dc.contributor.author
Stanciole, Anderson
dc.contributor.author
Butler, Jenny
dc.contributor.author
Osornprasop, Sutayut
dc.contributor.author
Oelrichs, Robert
dc.contributor.author
Beyrer, Chris
dc.date.accessioned
2013-01-30T20:53:56Z
dc.date.available
2013-01-30T20:53:56Z
dc.date.issued
2013-01
dc.date.lastModified
2019-09-27T16:05:13Z
dc.description.abstract
Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). Unfairly, sex workers have often been framed as 'vectors of disease' and 'core transmitters' rather than workers and human beings with rights in terms of HIV prevention and beyond. By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. This backdrop includes the critical role of stigma, discrimination and violence faced by sex workers, as well as, the importance of community empowerment and mobilization among sex workers to address these regressive forces. The eight country case studies work to highlight the experiences of diverse populations of and contexts for sex work across settings. Given the limited epidemiologic and intervention evaluation data available among male and transgender sex workers, however, our collaborative team (Johns Hopkins University, or JHU, World Bank, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and Global Network of Sex Work Projects, or NSWP) determined that the systematic review, mathematical modeling and cost-effective analyses would focus on female sex workers. Throughout the process of this analysis as a whole, the participation of sex worker perspectives and sex worker organizations such as NSWP and their regional partners has been critical by providing documents and resources, input and consultation throughout the analytical process.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/11/17015107/global-hiv-epidemics-among-sex-workers
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9774-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12217
dc.language
English
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCESS TO CONDOMS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO TREATMENT
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ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
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ADULT POPULATION
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AGED
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AIDS RELIEF
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ANTENATAL CARE
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ANTENATAL CLINICS
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BASIC PREVENTION
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BEHAVIORAL SURVEILLANCE
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BURDEN OF DISEASE
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CLINICAL SERVICES
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COMMERCIAL SEX
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COMMERCIAL SEX WORKER
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CONDOM
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CONSISTENT CONDOM USE
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DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISEASE
dc.subject
DISEASE BURDEN
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DISEASE CONTROL
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DRUG USER
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EMERGENCY PLAN
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EPIDEMIC
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EPIDEMIC SCENARIOS
dc.subject
EPIDEMICS
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EPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subject
EQUAL ACCESS
dc.subject
FEMALE SEX WORKERS
dc.subject
GLOBAL AIDS RESPONSE
dc.subject
GLOBAL HEALTH
dc.subject
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject
HEALTH SURVEYS
dc.subject
HEPATITIS
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV EPIDEMICS
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HIV INFECTIONS
dc.subject
HIV POSITIVE
dc.subject
HIV PREVALENCE
dc.subject
HIV PREVENTION
dc.subject
HIV PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
HIV TESTING
dc.subject
HIV TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HIV/AIDS
dc.subject
HUMAN BEINGS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS IMPERATIVE
dc.subject
HUMAN TRAFFICKING
dc.subject
IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
dc.subject
IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
dc.subject
IMMUNODEFICIENCY
dc.subject
IMPACT OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject
INCIDENCE OF HIV
dc.subject
INFECTIONS
dc.subject
INFECTIONS AMONG ADULTS
dc.subject
INJECTING DRUG USE
dc.subject
INJECTION DRUG
dc.subject
INJECTION DRUG USE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE
dc.subject
INTIMATE PARTNERS
dc.subject
LACK OF INFORMATION
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LOW PREVALENCE
dc.subject
MALARIA
dc.subject
MALE CLIENTS
dc.subject
MALE SEX
dc.subject
MEDICAL CARE
dc.subject
MEDICAL COSTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MOTHER-TO-CHILD
dc.subject
NATIONAL AIDS
dc.subject
NATIONAL AIDS COMMISSION
dc.subject
NATIONAL SURVEILLANCE
dc.subject
NEW INFECTIONS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF NEW INFECTIONS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
NUMBER OF WOMEN
dc.subject
NURSING
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
PEER EDUCATION
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PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject
PREVENTION AND CARE
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PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS
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PREVENTION OF MOTHER
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PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
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PREVENTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject
PROSTITUTE
dc.subject
PROSTITUTES
dc.subject
PROSTITUTION
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PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
RAPE
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE AGE
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS
dc.subject
RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
RISK POPULATIONS
dc.subject
RISK STATUS
dc.subject
SAFE SEX
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SERVICE PROVISION
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SEX
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SEX PRACTICES
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SEX WITH MEN
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SEX WORK
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SEX WORKER
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SEX WORKER ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
SEX WORKERS
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SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
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SEXUAL PARTNERS
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SEXUAL PARTNERSHIPS
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SEXUAL PRACTICES
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SEXUAL VIOLENCE
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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION
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SOCIAL COHESION
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SOCIAL MOBILIZATION
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SOCIAL SCIENCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
STIS
dc.subject
SURVEILLANCE DATA
dc.subject
THERAPY
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TREATMENT AND CARE
dc.subject
TREATMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
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UNAIDS
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UNFPA
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UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
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UNIVERSAL ACCESS
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UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO TREATMENT
dc.subject
VECTORS
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY
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WORKING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.title
The Global HIV Epidemics among Sex Workers
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-11-29
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/11/17015107/global-hiv-epidemics-among-sex-workers
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9774-9
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000425962_20121129123909
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17015107
okr.identifier.report
74053
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/11/29/000425962_20121129123909/Rendered/PDF/NonAsciiFileName0.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: HIV AIDS
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Disease Control and Prevention
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: HIV AIDS and Business
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Health, Nutrition & Popultn Team (HDNHE)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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