Climate Change Policies and Employment in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Oral, Isil
dc.contributor.author
Santos, Indhira
dc.contributor.author
Zhang, Fan
dc.date.accessioned
2013-01-29T18:09:18Z
dc.date.available
2013-01-29T18:09:18Z
dc.date.issued
2012-12
dc.description.abstract
This paper analyzes the differential impact of climate change policies on employment in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In particular, the paper examines (i) how vulnerable labor markets are in Eastern European and Central Asian countries to future carbon regulation, and (ii) what countries can do to mitigate some of the potential negative effects of these regulatory changes on employment. In many aspects, the nature of the shock associated with climate regulation is similar to that associated with an increase in energy prices. Constraints on carbon emissions put a price on climate-damaging activities and make hydrocarbon-based energy production and consumption more expensive. As a result, firms in energy-intensive industries may react to higher energy prices by reducing production, which in turn would lead to lower employment. In the presence of frictions in labor markets, these sector shifts will cause resources to be unemployed, at least in the short term. Using principal component analysis, the paper finds that Eastern European and Central Asian countries vary greatly in their vulnerability and adaptability of employment to carbon regulation. Since the economy takes time to adjust, policy-makers will need to ensure that the incentives are there for new firms to emerge and employ workers, and that workers have the skills to respond to that demand. Moreover, governments have a role to play in ensuring that workers that are displaced have a proper safety net that will not only help in protecting their welfare, but will also allow workers to make more efficient labor market transitions.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/12/17083512/climate-change-policies-employment-eastern-europe-central-asia
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12204
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 6294
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES
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ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subject
ACTIVE LABOR PROGRAMS
dc.subject
AGGREGATE DEMAND
dc.subject
AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
AVERAGE UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
AVERAGE WAGE
dc.subject
AVERAGE WAGES
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
BARGAINING
dc.subject
BARGAINING POWER
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKET
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
CARBON TAXES
dc.subject
CARPENTERS
dc.subject
CEMENT
dc.subject
CLASSROOM TRAINING
dc.subject
CLEAN ENERGY
dc.subject
CLEANER TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COLLECTIVE DISMISSALS
dc.subject
COLLEGE EDUCATION
dc.subject
COMMERCIALIZATION
dc.subject
COST INCREASES
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
DIFFERENTIATED IMPACT
dc.subject
DIRECT JOB CREATION
dc.subject
DIRECT JOB CREATION PROGRAMS
dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED GROUPS
dc.subject
DISMISSAL
dc.subject
DISPLACED WORKERS
dc.subject
DOMESTIC COAL
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SHOCK
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY OF LABOR
dc.subject
EFFICIENT LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
EFFICIENT LIGHTING
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY PRICE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY PRICES
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSION CAP
dc.subject
EMPLOYABILITY
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT IMPACT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT INCENTIVES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT INCREASE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT INCREASES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OFFICES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
ENERGY BILLS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ENERGY PRICE
dc.subject
ENERGY PRICES
dc.subject
ENERGY PRODUCTION
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
FIRM SURVEYS
dc.subject
FIRST-TIME JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject
FLEXIBLE LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
FOSSIL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL PRICES
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
GROSS WAGE
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
HIGHER ENERGY PRICES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME SECURITY
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INNOVATION
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
JOB TRAINING
dc.subject
JOB-SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET NEEDS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REFORMS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR REALLOCATION
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LOCAL FIRM
dc.subject
LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
LOW EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
LOW UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
MARKET ECONOMY
dc.subject
MARKET REFORM
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
OIL PRICE
dc.subject
OIL PRICES
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCER
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCERS
dc.subject
OIL SHOCKS
dc.subject
ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
dc.subject
PASSIVE LABOR
dc.subject
PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION
dc.subject
POWER PLANT
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
PREVIOUS SECTION
dc.subject
PRICE CHANGE
dc.subject
PRICE CHANGES
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASE
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASES
dc.subject
PRICE OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
PRICE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
PRIMARY ENERGY
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
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PRIVATE SERVICE
dc.subject
PRODUCTION PROCESSES
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY INCREASE
dc.subject
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject
REGULAR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
REGULAR JOBS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE SOURCES
dc.subject
RETAIL
dc.subject
RETAIL TRADE
dc.subject
RIGID LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAY
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SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
dc.subject
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL BENEFITS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PRICE
dc.subject
SOLAR PANEL
dc.subject
SOLAR POWER
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION EFFECTS
dc.subject
TAX INCENTIVE
dc.subject
TAX REVENUES
dc.subject
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TEMPORARY WORK
dc.subject
TEMPORARY WORKERS
dc.subject
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
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TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TRAINING COURSES
dc.subject
TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
TRAINING POLICIES
dc.subject
TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED WORKERS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT SYSTEM
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
UNION DENSITY
dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject
WAGE LEVEL
dc.subject
WAGE LEVELS
dc.subject
WAGE SECTOR
dc.subject
WAGE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
WIND
dc.subject
WIND POWER
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKING HOURS
dc.subject
WORKING POOR
dc.title
Climate Change Policies and Employment in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2012-12-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/12/17083512/climate-change-policies-employment-eastern-europe-central-asia
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6294
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20121217101057
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
17083512
okr.identifier.report
WPS6294
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/12/17/000158349_20121217101057/Rendered/PDF/wps6294.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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