Bangladesh - Towards Accelerated, Inclusive and Sustainable Growth : Opportunities and Challenges, Volume 2. Main Report

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collection.link.76
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2184
collection.name.76
Country Economic Memorandum
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2013-01-08T19:59:40Z
dc.date.available
2013-01-08T19:59:40Z
dc.date.issued
2012-06
dc.description.abstract
In Bangladesh, growth needs to accelerate to absorb the burgeoning labor force and continue making dents in poverty. Such acceleration will require sustained growth in exports and remittances. It will also need an increase in investment both public and private. However, growth acceleration alone will not be enough to absorb the labor force. This will need an improvement in employment intensity of growth, and a further improvement in inclusiveness of service delivery. Moreover, to help ensure that growth acceleration is sustained, the ex-ante and ex-post effects of climate change will need to be addressed. Finally, urbanization offers opportunities to accelerate growth, but can also undermine it if not proactively managed. Bangladesh's Gross National Income (GNI) per capita more than tripled in the past two-and-a-half decades, from an average of US$251 in the 1980s to US$784 by 2011. This growth was accompanied by impressive progress in human development. Yet, after 40 years of independence, Bangladesh remains a low-income country with nearly 50 million people still impoverished and its economic growth potential under-exploited. It is therefore important to understand the drivers underpinning Bangladesh's growth process, what enabled the drivers to move Bangladesh forward, what its prospects are for graduating to middle-income country status by 2021, as envisaged in its sixth five-year plan, and what it would take to accelerate growth sufficiently to achieve this objective.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12121
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
adjustment policies
dc.subject
Aggregate Demand
dc.subject
agriculture
dc.subject
Average Annual Growth
dc.subject
balance sheet
dc.subject
bankruptcies
dc.subject
Benchmarking
dc.subject
binding constraint
dc.subject
binding constraints
dc.subject
bond
dc.subject
bond market
dc.subject
bonds
dc.subject
business environment
dc.subject
Business expansion
dc.subject
business regulation
dc.subject
capita income growth
dc.subject
capital account
dc.subject
Capital Accumulation
dc.subject
Capital flight
dc.subject
capital inflow
dc.subject
capital markets
dc.subject
capital outflows
dc.subject
capital stock
dc.subject
Capital stock growth
dc.subject
comparative advantage
dc.subject
Competitive Advantages
dc.subject
Competitiveness
dc.subject
Consumers
dc.subject
contractual savings
dc.subject
cost of capital
dc.subject
Currency
dc.subject
Damages
dc.subject
debt
dc.subject
democracy
dc.subject
demographic
dc.subject
demographic change
dc.subject
demographic changes
dc.subject
Deposits
dc.subject
deregulation
dc.subject
determinants of growth
dc.subject
developing countries
dc.subject
diminishing returns
dc.subject
dividend
dc.subject
domestic savings
dc.subject
Economic Concentration
dc.subject
economic crisis
dc.subject
economic downturn
dc.subject
economic efficiency
dc.subject
economic expansion
dc.subject
Economic Geography
dc.subject
Economic Growth
dc.subject
economic imbalances
dc.subject
Economic Opportunities
dc.subject
economic performance
dc.subject
economic progress
dc.subject
economic reform
dc.subject
economic reforms
dc.subject
economic stability
dc.subject
EPZ
dc.subject
Exchange Rate
dc.subject
exchange rate fluctuations
dc.subject
exchange rate regime
dc.subject
exchange rates
dc.subject
expected returns
dc.subject
Export Growth
dc.subject
Export Market
dc.subject
export markets
dc.subject
Export Processing Zones
dc.subject
exports
dc.subject
exposure
dc.subject
exposures
dc.subject
external competitiveness
dc.subject
external financing
dc.subject
externalities
dc.subject
Fertility Rate
dc.subject
financial crisis
dc.subject
Financial development
dc.subject
financial developments
dc.subject
financial institutions
dc.subject
financial instruments
dc.subject
financial integration
dc.subject
financial management
dc.subject
financial markets
dc.subject
financial sector
dc.subject
financial services
dc.subject
financial system
dc.subject
financial transactions
dc.subject
Fiscal policies
dc.subject
fiscal policy
dc.subject
food price
dc.subject
foreign capital
dc.subject
foreign exchange
dc.subject
foreign financing
dc.subject
foreign investors
dc.subject
forward contracts
dc.subject
Future research
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GDP deflator
dc.subject
GDP Per Capita
dc.subject
Gini Coefficient
dc.subject
global business
dc.subject
Global Economy
dc.subject
global markets
dc.subject
Government budget
dc.subject
government guarantees
dc.subject
government ownership
dc.subject
gross national savings
dc.subject
Growth accounting
dc.subject
growth path
dc.subject
growth performance
dc.subject
growth potential
dc.subject
growth process
dc.subject
Growth Rate
dc.subject
Growth Rates
dc.subject
growth theory
dc.subject
human capital
dc.subject
Income
dc.subject
income per capita
dc.subject
increases in factor inputs
dc.subject
increases in output
dc.subject
Inflation
dc.subject
inflation rate
dc.subject
institutional capacity
dc.subject
insurance
dc.subject
interest rates
dc.subject
international capital
dc.subject
international capital flows
dc.subject
International Trade
dc.subject
Investment Climate
dc.subject
investment opportunities
dc.subject
ITC
dc.subject
labor force
dc.subject
labor force growth
dc.subject
Labor Market
dc.subject
Life expectancy
dc.subject
liquidity
dc.subject
living standards
dc.subject
long-term investments
dc.subject
low-income countries
dc.subject
low-income country
dc.subject
M2
dc.subject
macro stability
dc.subject
macroeconomic stabilization
dc.subject
Market share
dc.subject
middle-income country
dc.subject
monetary policies
dc.subject
Monetary policy
dc.subject
mutual funds
dc.subject
national income
dc.subject
natural disasters
dc.subject
new products
dc.subject
nominal interest rates
dc.subject
open economy
dc.subject
output
dc.subject
outputs
dc.subject
Per capita income
dc.subject
per capita incomes
dc.subject
political regime
dc.subject
portfolio
dc.subject
portfolio investments
dc.subject
positive effects
dc.subject
Power outages
dc.subject
price stability
dc.subject
private capital
dc.subject
private capital flows
dc.subject
private investment
dc.subject
private investments
dc.subject
private investors
dc.subject
Private Sector Credit
dc.subject
production efficiency
dc.subject
production process
dc.subject
Productivity
dc.subject
productivity growth
dc.subject
property rights
dc.subject
public debt
dc.subject
Public savings
dc.subject
rapid growth
dc.subject
rate of growth
dc.subject
real GDP
dc.subject
real Gross Domestic Product
dc.subject
Real Interest Rate
dc.subject
reform program
dc.subject
reform programs
dc.subject
reinvestment
dc.subject
rent seeking
dc.subject
returns to scale
dc.subject
risk premiums
dc.subject
Savings
dc.subject
savings institutions
dc.subject
share of capital
dc.subject
skilled workers
dc.subject
Skills shortages
dc.subject
small economy
dc.subject
Stable economies
dc.subject
Sustainable Development
dc.subject
Sustainable Growth
dc.subject
tariff barriers
dc.subject
tax
dc.subject
technological innovation
dc.subject
TFP
dc.subject
total expenditure
dc.subject
total factor productivity
dc.subject
total factor productivity growth
dc.subject
track record
dc.subject
trade liberalization
dc.subject
trade policies
dc.subject
trade reforms
dc.subject
transaction costs
dc.subject
treasury
dc.subject
treasury bills
dc.subject
Turnover
dc.subject
Urbanization
dc.subject
virtuous cycle
dc.subject
volatility
dc.subject
wage growth
dc.subject
Wages
dc.subject
world markets
dc.subject
WTO
dc.title
Bangladesh - Towards Accelerated, Inclusive and Sustainable Growth : Opportunities and Challenges, Volume 2. Main Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-11-15
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.report
67991
okr.language.supported
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
Bangladesh
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.region.geographical
South Asia
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.sector
Water, sanitation and flood protection
okr.sector
Education
okr.sector
Industry and trade
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice
okr.theme
Economic management :: Analysis of economic growth
okr.theme
Public sector governance
okr.theme
Financial and private sector development :: Regulation and competition policy
okr.theme
Public sector governance :: Administrative and civil service reform
okr.theme
Urban development
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Climate change
okr.theme
Financial and private sector development :: Infrastructure services for private sector development
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Theory & Research
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Debt Markets
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Growth
okr.unit
Econ. Policy & Poverty Sector (SASEP)

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