Can Participation Be Induced? Some Evidence from Developing Countries

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dc.contributor.author
Mansuri, Ghazala
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dc.contributor.author
Rao, Vijayendra
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dc.date.accessioned
2012-12-11T22:57:08Z
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dc.date.available
2012-12-11T22:57:08Z
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dc.date.issued
2012-07
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/11973
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dc.description.abstract
The World Bank has allocated close to $80 billion towards participatory development projects over the last decade. A comprehensive review of the evidence on the efficacy of the approach conducted by the authors for the forthcoming Policy Research Report, Localizing Development: Does Participation Work?, finds that while participatory projects have been reasonably effective in improving access to basic services, there is far less evidence of their effectiveness in improving household income or in building sustainable participatory institutions at the local level. A key issue is that the institutional culture in development agencies such as the World Bank lacks the flexibility and long-term commitment necessary for effective externally induced participatory development. Induced participation -- driven by large-scale bureaucratically managed processes, is quite different from more organic types of participation endogenously organized by civic groups. It requires a very different approach to development, one that pays close attention to contextual variation and to uncertain trajectories of change. In order to be effective, induced participatory projects need a strong focus on learning-by-doing; on monitoring and evaluation and a willingness to learn from failure. A review of the World Bank's practices in monitoring and evaluation, and of its incentives to learn from failure, reveals that without significant changes, including changes in the incentive structures facing management, the Bank cannot be effective in inducing participation.
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 6139
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
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dc.subject
ACCOMMODATION
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dc.subject
ACCOUNTABILITY
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dc.subject
AID
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dc.subject
AUDITS
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dc.subject
BENEFICIARIES
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dc.subject
BLOCK GRANTS
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dc.subject
BUILDING LOCAL CAPACITY
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dc.subject
CIVIL RIGHTS
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dc.subject
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
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dc.subject
CLINICS
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dc.subject
COMMUNITIES
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY BASED DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY BASED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY MEETINGS
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY MEMBERS
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
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dc.subject
COMPANION
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dc.subject
CORRUPTION
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dc.subject
COUNTERFACTUAL
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dc.subject
DECENTRALIZATION
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dc.subject
DECISIONMAKING
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dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
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dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED GROUPS
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dc.subject
ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS
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dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
ENGINEERS
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dc.subject
EXCLUSION
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dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
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dc.subject
FACILITATORS
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dc.subject
FLEXIBILITY
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dc.subject
GENDER
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dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITIES
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dc.subject
GRAMEEN BANK
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dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
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dc.subject
IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES
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dc.subject
INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
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dc.subject
INTERVENTION
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dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
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dc.subject
LEARNING
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dc.subject
LIVELIHOOD
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dc.subject
LIVELIHOODS
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dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
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dc.subject
LOCAL CAPACITY
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dc.subject
LOCAL COMMUNITIES
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dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
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dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
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dc.subject
LOCAL MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
LOCAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY
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dc.subject
LOCAL PARTICIPATION
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dc.subject
LOCALITIES
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dc.subject
M&E SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
MANDATES
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dc.subject
MONITORING TEAMS
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dc.subject
MULTILATERAL AGENCIES
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dc.subject
MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
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dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
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dc.subject
NEIGHBORHOOD
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dc.subject
NEIGHBORHOODS
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dc.subject
NUTRITION
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PARTICIPATORY APPROACH
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PARTICIPATORY DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
PARTICIPATORY MONITORING
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PARTICIPATORY PROCESS
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dc.subject
PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES
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PARTICIPATORY PROJECTS
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POLICY INITIATIVES
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dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
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dc.subject
PROGRAMS
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PROJECT APPRAISAL
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PROJECT EVALUATION
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dc.subject
QUALITY OF PUBLIC SERVICES
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QUALITY OF SERVICES
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REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS
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dc.subject
RENTS
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dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
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dc.subject
SAVINGS
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SCHOOLS
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SELF HELP
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SERVICE DELIVERY
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SERVICE QUALITY
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dc.subject
SETTLEMENT
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dc.subject
SMS
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SOCIAL CAPITAL
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dc.subject
SOCIAL COHESION
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dc.subject
SOCIAL FUNDS
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dc.subject
SOCIAL INCLUSION
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dc.subject
SOCIAL INTERACTIONS
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SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
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dc.subject
SOCIAL STRUCTURE
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dc.subject
SOCIAL STRUCTURES
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dc.subject
SOCIETY
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dc.subject
STEREOTYPES
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dc.subject
TARGETING
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TOLERANCE
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URBAN COMMUNITIES
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VILLAGE COUNCILS
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dc.subject
VILLAGES
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dc.subject
WORTH
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dc.title
Can Participation Be Induced? Some Evidence from Developing Countries
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20120719114131
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16520074
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okr.date.disclosure
2012-07-01
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okr.topic
Social Development :: Community Development and Empowerment
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Disability
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okr.topic
Housing and Human Habitats
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okr.topic
Banks and Banking Reform
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okr.topic
Poverty Monitoring and Analysis
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okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements
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okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction
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okr.identifier.report
WPS6139
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okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6139
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okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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okr.relation.associatedurl
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/13394
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okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
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okr.globalpractice
Governance
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okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
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okr.globalpractice
Poverty
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okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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