Empowering Women : Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa

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collection.link.42
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2150
collection.name.42
Africa Development Forum
dc.contributor.author
Hallward-Driemeier, Mary
dc.contributor.author
Hasan, Tazeen
dc.date.accessioned
2012-12-11T20:16:16Z
dc.date.available
2012-12-11T20:16:16Z
dc.date.issued
2012-10-04
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:58Z
dc.description.abstract
This book looks at the effect of legal and economic rights on women's economic opportunities. It focuses on entrepreneurship because women in Africa are active entrepreneurs, and the links between property rights and the ability to enter contracts in one's own name affect entrepreneurial activities. The laws that are the focus of this book are not business laws and regulations, which are generally gender blind and presuppose that individuals can own property or enter into contracts. Instead, the book examines family, inheritance, and land laws, which oft en restrict these rights in ways that hurt women. This book surveys constitutions and statutes in all 47 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to document where gender gaps in these laws impinge on women's legal capacity, property rights, or both. The book also looks at some labor law issues, such as restrictions on the types of industries or hours of work in which women may engage and provisions for equal pay for work of equal value. These laws affect women as employees and influence the attractiveness of wage employment versus entrepreneurship. They were also selected because they affect the choice of enterprise women may run. The equal pay for work of equal value provisions are also of interest as an indicator of the recognition of women's broader economic rights. This book provides a series of indicators that show whether a country does or does not provide particular legal provisions. Several points are worth emphasizing in interpreting these indicators. First, the indicators are binary; there is no attempt to differentiate between small and large gender gaps. Second, the indicators are not used to generate an index or otherwise aggregate the indicators; no weights are given to differentiate the relative importance of different sets of laws. Third, the indicators reflect whether certain legal provisions are recognized in a country or not; because the link between the indicator and gender gaps is not always straightforward, care must be taken in making value judgments. Although some indicators reveal that women are treated equally or identify gender differences in treatment, others do not. Although recognition of these sources of law can have implications for women's rights, it does not necessarily imply that women's rights are stronger or weaker. Conversely, the inclusion of some protections for women's rights may reflect not the strong standing of women but rather the fact that gender equality is not seen as axiomatic and needs to be explicitly stated. Second and third chapters focus on formal rights and how they have been upheld in court decisions. Fourth chapter examines the gap between laws on the books and practice on the ground. Fifth chapter looks at how both the substance of law and women's access to justice issues can be improved to expand women's ability to pursue economic opportunities.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/10/16800303/empowering-women-legal-rights-economic-opportunities-africa
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9533-2
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/11960
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Africa Development Forum;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ANNUAL GROWTH
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ENTRY
dc.subject
BONDS
dc.subject
BUSINESS CYCLE
dc.subject
BUSINESS CYCLES
dc.subject
CAPITAL FLOWS
dc.subject
CAPITAL GOODS
dc.subject
CAPITAL INFLOWS
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKETS
dc.subject
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
CPI
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING REGIONS
dc.subject
DEVELOPING WORLD
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DIVERSIFICATION
dc.subject
DIVIDENDS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC COOPERATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INSTABILITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
EXTERNAL FACTORS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL MARKETS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
FISCAL PRESSURES
dc.subject
FORECASTS
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES
dc.subject
GLOBAL CONDITIONS
dc.subject
GLOBAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
GNP
dc.subject
GROSS DEBT
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROWTH PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
GROWTH PROSPECTS
dc.subject
GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
HIGH INFLATION
dc.subject
HIGH PREMIUM
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
IMPORTS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INFLATION PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
INFLATION RATES
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVENTORIES
dc.subject
INVESTMENT RATES
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LOCAL CURRENCY
dc.subject
LOW INFLATION
dc.subject
LOW INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
dc.subject
MARKET PRICES
dc.subject
MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MONETARY POLICIES
dc.subject
MONETARY POLICY
dc.subject
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
dc.subject
NON-OECD COUNTRIES
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
OIL EXPORTERS
dc.subject
OIL PRICES
dc.subject
OPEC
dc.subject
OPEN ECONOMIES
dc.subject
OUTPUT GROWTH
dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOMES
dc.subject
POLICY REFORMS
dc.subject
POTENTIAL OUTPUT
dc.subject
PRIMARY COMMODITIES
dc.subject
PRIMARY PRODUCTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKETS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION PROCESSES
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject
REAL GDP
dc.subject
REAL INTEREST
dc.subject
REAL INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
RECESSION
dc.subject
RECESSIONS
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SHORT-TERM INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
STRUCTURAL UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject
TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
TRADE POLICIES
dc.subject
TRADE VOLUMES
dc.subject
TRANSITION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
TREASURY BILLS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
URUGUAY ROUND
dc.subject
WORLD ECONOMY
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
WTO
dc.title
Empowering Women : Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-10-04
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/10/16800303/empowering-women-legal-rights-economic-opportunities-africa
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9533-2
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000386194_20121005021244
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16800303
okr.identifier.report
73071
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/10/05/000386194_20121005021244/Rendered/PDF/730710PUB0EPI001200pub0date01004012.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Conditions and Volatility
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Macroeconomic Management
okr.topic
Environmental Economics & Policies
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic
Environment
okr.unit
Development Policy Department (DECDP)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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