World Development Report 2013 : Jobs

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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5995
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5996
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5998
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5999
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/6000
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/6001
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/6002
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https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2124
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French PDFs Available
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Arabic PDFs Available
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Chinese PDFs Available
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Japanese PDFs Available
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World Development Report
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-10-03T14:56:13Z
dc.date.available
2012-10-03T14:56:13Z
dc.date.issued
2012-10
dc.description.abstract
Jobs provide higher earnings and better benefits as countries grow, but they are also a driver of development. Poverty falls as people work their way out of hardship and as jobs empowering women lead to greater investments in children. Efficiency increases as workers get better at what they do, as more productive jobs appear, and less productive ones disappear. Societies flourish as jobs bring together people from different ethnic and social backgrounds and provide alternatives to conflict. Jobs are thus more than a byproduct of economic growth. They are transformational—they are what we earn, what we do, and even who we are. High unemployment and unmet job expectations among youth are the most immediate concerns. But in many developing countries, where farming and self-employment are prevalent and safety nets are modest at best, unemployment rates can be low. In these countries, growth is seldom jobless. Most of the poor work long hours but simply cannot make ends meet. And the violation of basic rights is not uncommon. Therefore, the number of jobs is not all that matters: jobs with high development payoffs are needed. Confronted with these challenges, policy makers ask difficult questions. Should countries build their development strategies around growth, or should they focus on jobs? Can entrepreneurship be fostered, especially among the many microenterprises in developing countries, or are entrepreneurs born? Are greater investments in education and training a prerequisite for employability, or can skills be built through jobs? In times of major crises and structural shifts, should jobs, not just workers, be protected? And is there a risk that policies supporting job creation in one country will come at the expense of jobs in other countries? The World Development Report 2013: Jobs offers answers to these and other difficult questions by looking at jobs as drivers of development—not as derived labor demand—and by considering all types of jobs—not just formal wage employment. The Report provides a framework that cuts across sectors and shows that the best policy responses vary across countries, depending on their levels of development, endowments, demography, and institutions. Policy fundamentals matter in all cases, as they enable a vibrant private sector, the source of most jobs in the world. Labor policies can help as well, even if they are less critical than is often assumed. Development policies, from making smallholder farming viable to fostering functional cities to engaging in global markets, hold the key to success.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9575-2
dc.identifier.issn
0163-5085
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/11843
dc.language.iso
en
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Development Report
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
Jobs
dc.subject
Wages
dc.subject
Living standards
dc.subject
Material well-being
dc.subject
Well-being
dc.subject
Productivity
dc.subject
Social cohesion
dc.subject
Jobs agenda
dc.subject
Youth unemployment
dc.subject
Aging societies
dc.subject
Migration
dc.subject
Labor regulations
dc.subject
Labor policies
dc.subject
Collective representation
dc.subject
Labor market
dc.subject
Social insurance
dc.subject
Labor reallocation
dc.subject
Youth bulges
dc.title
World Development Report 2013
en
dc.title.subtitle
Jobs
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2012-10-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.externalurl
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTNWDR2013/Resources/8258024-1320950747192/8260293-1322665883147/WDR_2013_Report.pdf
okr.externalurl
http://econ.worldbank.org/external/default/main?contentMDK=23044836&theSitePK=8258025&piPK=8258412&pagePK=8258258
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9575-2
okr.language.supported
en
okr.language.supported
es
okr.language.supported
fr
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: Compulsory pension and unemployment insurance
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.unit
DECWD

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