From Privilege to Competition : Unlocking Private-Led Growth in the Middle East and North Africa World Bank 2013-05-22T22:17:31Z 2013-05-22T22:17:31Z 2009
dc.description.abstract The report starts with an introductory chapter that sets the stage for the issues and provides a short historical background on the development of the private sector in Middle East and North Africa (MENA), drawing on anecdotes and stories heard from many entrepreneurs and public officials consulted throughout the region during the preparation of this report. The core of the analysis is then presented in three parts. Part one assesses the performance of private sector development in the region from a macroeconomic and microeconomic standpoint (chapter two). It then presents the framework that is used to explain the identified performance gap (chapter three) and uses this framework in (chapter four) to claim that the lack of private sector dynamism in MENA is not necessarily due to insufficient reforms, but rather to the discretionary way in which rules and policies are implemented, and the lack of credibility of governments to really level the playing field when applying their policies and reforms. Part two then illustrates how this issue of poor implementation of the policies translates in three key policy areas in the business environment of the region: access to finance (chapter five), access to land (chapter six), and the conduct of industrial policies (chapter seven). The aim is to show how the role of the state and its institutions, when diverted from their regulatory and administrative missions by special interests and when subject to discretionary influence, can distort policies that may otherwise be well designed and well intended. Part three analyzes the political economy of reforms in MENA (chapter eight) and uses this analysis to offer a set of strategic recommendations and concrete policy actions that take into account the region's diversity and political economy (chapter nine). en
dc.identifier.isbn 978-0-8213-7877-9
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries MENA Development Report;
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject Competition
dc.subject access to information
dc.subject action plans
dc.subject Availability of Credit
dc.subject Bailouts
dc.subject balance-of-payments crises
dc.subject Bank Credit
dc.subject Banking Sector
dc.subject Banking Systems
dc.subject barriers to competition
dc.subject barriers to entry
dc.subject beneficiaries
dc.subject beneficiary
dc.subject budget constraints
dc.subject Business Associations
dc.subject business entry
dc.subject Business Environment
dc.subject business information
dc.subject business leaders
dc.subject Business Manager
dc.subject business managers
dc.subject business regulations
dc.subject Businesses
dc.subject capital requirements
dc.subject CD
dc.subject central bank
dc.subject checks
dc.subject checks and balances
dc.subject client countries
dc.subject Collateral
dc.subject Communications Development
dc.subject competitiveness
dc.subject conflicts of interest
dc.subject conflicts of interests
dc.subject Copyright
dc.subject Copyright Clearance
dc.subject Copyright Clearance Center
dc.subject corporate governance
dc.subject Corporation
dc.subject country to country
dc.subject CPI
dc.subject Credibility
dc.subject Credit Constraints
dc.subject Credit Information
dc.subject Credit Market
dc.subject Credit Markets
dc.subject Credit Rationing
dc.subject Creditors
dc.subject customs
dc.subject data analysis
dc.subject data availability
dc.subject data coverage
dc.subject decision making
dc.subject decision-making institutions
dc.subject Demand for Credit
dc.subject democracies
dc.subject developing country
dc.subject Development Bank
dc.subject e-government
dc.subject E-mail
dc.subject economic activities
dc.subject economic activity
dc.subject Economic Cooperation
dc.subject economic crisis
dc.subject Economic development
dc.subject economic growth
dc.subject economic integration
dc.subject economic policies
dc.subject employment creation
dc.subject enterprise sector
dc.subject Enterprise Surveys
dc.subject entry barriers
dc.subject entry requirements
dc.subject exchange rate
dc.subject exchange rate regimes
dc.subject Export Growth
dc.subject Export Markets
dc.subject exporters
dc.subject Finance Corporation
dc.subject Financial Crisis
dc.subject financial management
dc.subject financial sector
dc.subject Financial Statements
dc.subject foreign competition
dc.subject Foreign Direct Investment
dc.subject Foreign investment
dc.subject Foreign Ownership
dc.subject Foreign Ownership of Banks
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject general public
dc.subject global economic prospects
dc.subject global economy
dc.subject good governance
dc.subject government policies
dc.subject Government Subsidies
dc.subject gross domestic product
dc.subject growth rates
dc.subject Growth Strategies
dc.subject growth strategy
dc.subject holding
dc.subject human capital
dc.subject id
dc.subject identification number
dc.subject incumbent
dc.subject industrial development
dc.subject information flows
dc.subject innovation
dc.subject innovations
dc.subject inspection
dc.subject Inspections
dc.subject institution
dc.subject International Bank
dc.subject International comparisons
dc.subject International Finance
dc.subject international standard
dc.subject Investment Bank
dc.subject Investment Climate
dc.subject investment decisions
dc.subject Investment Rates
dc.subject investors confidence
dc.subject job creation
dc.subject labor force
dc.subject labor markets
dc.subject Labor Productivity
dc.subject lack of credibility
dc.subject lan
dc.subject level playing field
dc.subject liberalization
dc.subject licenses
dc.subject local investors
dc.subject local markets
dc.subject macroeconomic management
dc.subject macroeconomic policies
dc.subject macroeconomic stability
dc.subject Manufacturing
dc.subject material
dc.subject Medium Enterprise
dc.subject menu
dc.subject microenterprises
dc.subject minimum capital requirements
dc.subject Monetary Fund
dc.subject multinational corporations
dc.subject New Products
dc.subject Nonperforming Loans
dc.subject NPL
dc.subject Oil
dc.subject oil boom
dc.subject oil prices
dc.subject One-Stop Shop
dc.subject one-stop shops
dc.subject ownership structure
dc.subject photo
dc.subject policy decisions
dc.subject policy makers
dc.subject Political Economy
dc.subject portfolios
dc.subject private entities
dc.subject Private Investment
dc.subject private investors
dc.subject private markets
dc.subject private sector
dc.subject private sector development
dc.subject Private Sector Growth
dc.subject private sector participation
dc.subject privatization
dc.subject privatizations
dc.subject procurement
dc.subject property rights
dc.subject public administration
dc.subject public administrations
dc.subject public bank
dc.subject public banks
dc.subject public expenditures
dc.subject public governance
dc.subject public investment
dc.subject public policies
dc.subject Public Sector
dc.subject public spending
dc.subject quality of service
dc.subject quality standards
dc.subject queries
dc.subject real estate
dc.subject regulators
dc.subject regulatory agencies
dc.subject Regulatory Barriers
dc.subject regulatory capacity
dc.subject regulatory environment
dc.subject regulatory frameworks
dc.subject regulatory oversight
dc.subject repo
dc.subject Republic
dc.subject Resource allocation
dc.subject results
dc.subject Return
dc.subject returns
dc.subject search
dc.subject separation of powers
dc.subject sla
dc.subject small businesses
dc.subject social development
dc.subject social protection
dc.subject state capture
dc.subject state enterprises
dc.subject State Intervention
dc.subject state policies
dc.subject Supervision
dc.subject targets
dc.subject Tax
dc.subject tax exemptions
dc.subject tax obligations
dc.subject tax reform
dc.subject telecommunications
dc.subject Telephone
dc.subject Trade policy
dc.subject transition countries
dc.subject Transparency
dc.subject unemployment
dc.subject uses
dc.subject volatility
dc.subject Wan
dc.subject World Development Indicators
dc.subject World Trade
dc.title From Privilege to Competition : Unlocking Private-Led Growth in the Middle East and North Africa en
dspace.entity.type Publication 2010-01-05
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice Trade and Competitiveness
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/978-0-8213-7877-9 51833 67690
okr.language.supported en
okr.peerreview Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.geographical North Africa
okr.region.geographical Middle East
okr.topic Environment :: Environmental Economics & Policies
okr.topic Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Debt Markets
okr.topic Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Political Economy
okr.topic Private Sector Development :: E-Business
okr.topic Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
okr.unit Poverty Reduct & Econ. Mgmt Dept (MNSPR); Finance & Private Sector Dev. (MNSF1)
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