Publication:
The Quest for Pro-Poor and Inclusive Growth: The Role of Governance

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Date
2018-10
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2018-10
Abstract
This paper analyses the role of good governance in fostering pro-poor and inclusive growth. Using a sample of 112 countries over 1975–2012, it shows that growth is generally pro-poor. However, growth has not been inclusive, as illustrated by a decline in the bottom 20 percent of the income distribution. While all features of good governance support income growth and reduce poverty, only government effectiveness and the rule of law are found to enhance inclusive growth. The investigation of the determinants of pro-poor and inclusive growth highlights that education, infrastructure improvement, and financial development are the key factors in poverty reduction and inclusive growth. Relying on the panel smooth transition regression (PSTR) model following Gonzalez, Tersvirta and Dijk (2005), the paper identifies a nonlinear relationship between governance and pro-poor growth, while the impact of governance on inclusive growth appears to be linear.
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Doumbia, Djeneba. 2018. The Quest for Pro-Poor and Inclusive Growth: The Role of Governance. MTI Global Practice Discussion Paper;No. 5. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://hdl.handle.net/10986/30596 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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