Publication:
Armenia Demographic Change : Implications for Social Policy and Poverty

dc.contributor.authorWorld Bank
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-19T10:13:59Z
dc.date.available2012-03-19T10:13:59Z
dc.date.issued2011-07-29
dc.description.abstractThis note provides an overview of demographic changes and their policy implications in Armenia, with particular reference to the poor. Armenia is currently experiencing a significant aging of the population and decrease in the size of the population, these changes have far-reaching implications. The fertility rate in Armenia has fallen dramatically, from about 4.5 children per woman in the 1950s to 1.74 children per woman at present, which is well under the fertility rate required for population replacement. Armenia's population, which stood at 3.5 million people in 1990, is expected to decrease to 3 million by 2050. This trend, combined with increasing life expectancy, underlies the growing rise in the percentage of elderly persons and the decline in the working-age population. This note provides an overview of the key demographic changes unfolding in Armenia, highlights their linkages with social spending, and draws policy implications for labor force participation, productivity, and ultimately for Armenia's development and poverty reduction trajectory. The note is structured as follows: section two summarizes the key demographic trends underway in Armenia; section three presents a profile of poverty and social spending by age; section four analyzes the four policy issues as listed in column 2 of table 1. In each of these three sections, the poverty reduction angle is emphasized. The final section provides a summary of the key messages.en
dc.identifierhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20111212235403
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/2803
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherWorld Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holderWorld Bank
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subjectACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subjectADULT EDUCATION
dc.subjectADULT POPULATION
dc.subjectAGE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subjectAGE GROUP
dc.subjectAGED
dc.subjectAGING
dc.subjectAGING POPULATION
dc.subjectAGING POPULATIONS
dc.subjectANNUITIES
dc.subjectAVERAGE WAGE
dc.subjectBASIC BENEFIT
dc.subjectBASIC PENSION
dc.subjectBENEFIT LEVELS
dc.subjectCANCER
dc.subjectCAPITAL INVESTMENTS
dc.subjectCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subjectCHILD CARE
dc.subjectCHILDREN PER WOMAN
dc.subjectCITIZENS
dc.subjectDEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
dc.subjectDEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
dc.subjectDEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subjectDEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
dc.subjectDEPENDENCY RATIO
dc.subjectDEPENDENCY RATIOS
dc.subjectDISABILITY
dc.subjectDRIVERS
dc.subjectEARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subjectECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subjectEDUCATION SYSTEMS
dc.subjectEDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subjectELDERLY
dc.subjectELDERLY PERSONS
dc.subjectELDERLY POPULATION
dc.subjectEMPLOYEE
dc.subjectEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
dc.subjectFAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subjectFEMALE LABOR
dc.subjectFEMALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subjectFEMALE LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subjectFERTILITY
dc.subjectFERTILITY RATE
dc.subjectFERTILITY RATES
dc.subjectFEWER PEOPLE
dc.subjectFORMAL LABOR MARKET
dc.subjectFUNDED PENSIONS
dc.subjectGOVERNMENT CAPACITY
dc.subjectGROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subjectGROSS REPLACEMENT RATE
dc.subjectHEALTH CARE
dc.subjectHEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subjectHEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subjectHEALTH SECTOR
dc.subjectHEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subjectHEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subjectHIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectHIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subjectHOSPITAL
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subjectHUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subjectHUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectHUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subjectIMPLICATIONS FOR POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subjectINCOME SUPPORT
dc.subjectINFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
dc.subjectJOB CREATION
dc.subjectJOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subjectJOB SEARCH
dc.subjectJOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subjectJOBS
dc.subjectLABOR FORCE
dc.subjectLABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET
dc.subjectLABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subjectLABOR SUPPLY
dc.subjectLABOUR
dc.subjectLIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subjectLIFE-LONG LEARNING
dc.subjectLIFELONG LEARNING
dc.subjectLIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subjectLIVING STANDARDS
dc.subjectLOCAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subjectLOW FERTILITY
dc.subjectMEDICAL CARE
dc.subjectMINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subjectMORTALITY
dc.subjectNUMBER OF WORKERS
dc.subjectOCCUPATIONS
dc.subjectOLD AGE
dc.subjectOLD-AGE
dc.subjectOLDER AGE GROUPS
dc.subjectOLDER PEOPLE
dc.subjectOLDER WORKERS
dc.subjectPATIENT
dc.subjectPENSION
dc.subjectPENSION BENEFIT
dc.subjectPENSION BENEFITS
dc.subjectPENSION COST
dc.subjectPENSION REFORM
dc.subjectPENSION RIGHTS
dc.subjectPENSION SIZE
dc.subjectPENSION SPENDING
dc.subjectPENSION SYSTEM
dc.subjectPENSION SYSTEMS
dc.subjectPENSION TRANSFERS
dc.subjectPENSION VALUE
dc.subjectPENSIONER
dc.subjectPENSIONERS
dc.subjectPENSIONS
dc.subjectPOLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subjectPOLICY LEVER
dc.subjectPOLITICAL INSTABILITY
dc.subjectPOPULATION DECLINE
dc.subjectPOPULATION DIVISION
dc.subjectPOPULATION DYNAMICS
dc.subjectPOPULATION ESTIMATES
dc.subjectPOPULATION SHIFTS
dc.subjectPOPULATION SIZE
dc.subjectPREVIOUS SECTION
dc.subjectPRICE GROWTH
dc.subjectPRIMARY OBJECTIVE
dc.subjectPRODUCTIVITY GAINS
dc.subjectPUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subjectREFORM LAWS
dc.subjectREPLACEMENT RATES
dc.subjectRESPECT
dc.subjectRETIREES
dc.subjectRETIREMENT
dc.subjectRETIREMENT AGE
dc.subjectRETIREMENT AGES
dc.subjectRETIREMENT BENEFITS
dc.subjectRETIREMENT INCOME
dc.subjectRETIREMENT-INCOME
dc.subjectRETURN MIGRATION
dc.subjectRURAL AREAS
dc.subjectSCHOOL CHILDREN
dc.subjectSCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
dc.subjectSECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subjectSERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subjectSEX
dc.subjectSEX RATIO
dc.subjectSEX RATIOS
dc.subjectSEX-SELECTIVE ABORTIONS
dc.subjectSICK LEAVE
dc.subjectSIGNIFICANT POLICY
dc.subjectSKILLS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectSOCIAL AFFAIRS
dc.subjectSOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subjectSOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS
dc.subjectSOCIAL EXPENDITURES
dc.subjectSOCIAL INSURANCE
dc.subjectSOCIAL INSURANCE FUND
dc.subjectSOCIAL ISSUES
dc.subjectSOCIAL PENSIONS
dc.subjectSOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subjectSOCIAL POLICY
dc.subjectSOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subjectSOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subjectSOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subjectSOCIAL TRANSFER
dc.subjectSOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subjectTAX RATES
dc.subjectTOTAL LABOR FORCE
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYED
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subjectVOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subjectVULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subjectWAGE GROWTH
dc.subjectWAGE LEVELS
dc.subjectWAGES
dc.subjectWORKER
dc.subjectWORKER PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subjectWORKFORCE
dc.subjectWORKING-AGE POPULATION
dc.subjectWORLD POPULATION
dc.subjectYOUNG ADULTS
dc.subjectYOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subjectYOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.titleArmenia Demographic Change : Implications for Social Policy and Povertyen
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.crosscuttingsolutionareaJobs
okr.date.disclosure2011-12-09
okr.doctypeEconomic & Sector Work::Poverty Assessment
okr.docurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20111212235403
okr.globalpracticeSocial Protection and Labor
okr.globalpracticeHealth, Nutrition, and Population
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum000333037_20111212235403
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum15546582
okr.identifier.report63154
okr.language.supporteden
okr.pdfurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/12/12/000333037_20111212235403/Rendered/PDF/631540ESW0P11800disclosed0120090110.pdfen
okr.region.administrativeEurope and Central Asia
okr.region.countryArmenia
okr.sectorPublic Administration
okr.sectorLaw
okr.sectorPublic Administration, Law, and Justice :: General public administration sector
okr.topicSocial Protections and Labor::Pensions & Retirement Systems
okr.topicHealth, Nutrition and Population::Population Policies
okr.topicSocial Protections and Labor::Labor Markets
okr.topicSocial Protections and Labor::Labor Policies
okr.topicHealth, Nutrition and Population::Health Monitoring & Evaluation
okr.topicHealth, Nutrition and Population
okr.unitHuman Development Sector Unit (ECSHD)
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