Publication:
Jobs Challenges in Slavonia, Croatia – A Subnational Labor Market Assessment

dc.contributor.author Christiaensen, Luc
dc.contributor.author Ferre, Celine
dc.contributor.author Ivica, Rubil
dc.contributor.author Matkovic, Teo
dc.contributor.author Sharafudheen, Tara
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-21T16:03:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-21T16:03:30Z
dc.date.issued 2019-07
dc.description.abstract A thriving region until the early 1990s, Slavonia, the eastern region of Croatia, has been confronted with stagnation and decline, ageing and outmigration as well as impoverishment ever since. This followed Croatia's homeland war of 1991-1995, with Slavonia one of the frontlines, economic restructuring of its state-led economy during the 1990s and 2000s and the global economic crisis of the late 2000s. More recently, after Croatia's EU accession in 2013 and coinciding with the economic upswing since 2014 in Croatia and the EU, Slavonia's labor market has started to tighten, with registered vacancies now exceeding the number of job seekers for highly educated as well as some unskilled and semi-skilled occupations. However, inactivity and unemployment remain high. In 2017, the share of the working-age population in work was only 51 percent, 10 percentage points below the rest of Croatia (61 percent) and 17 percentage points below the 2017 EU28 average. A legacy of war, limited availability of care services, and especially lower education levels explain an important part of Slavonia's much higher inactivity and unemployment. On the demand side, labor productivity in Slavonia's firms is systematically lower than in the rest of the country (except in agriculture and forestry), also consistent with Slavonia's sizeablewage gap. This, together with general disenchantment of the Slavonian population with the economicand business environment, has prompted outmigration. At the same time, a small number of firms alsooutperform their sectoral competitors elsewhere in Croatia, signaling Slavonia's potential.Looking ahead, private sector job creation remains a top priority, especially focusing on Slavonia's lower educated, who make up the bulk of the unemployed and inactive. This especially requires a reduction in the regulatory burden and an increase in Slavonian firms' competitiveness, which will also help to close the substantial wage gap with the rest of Croatia. Given the large share of its population in agriculture and forestry-related activities (close to 30 percent), Program Slavonia's current focus on agriculture and forestry is clearly warranted. With Slavonia's longstanding history and labor force experience in manufacturing and the rising number of vacancies in this sector, so is attention to manufacturing. en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/554611566303661972/Jobs-Challenges-in-Slavonia-Croatia-A-Subnational-Labor-Market-Assessment
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/32300
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Jobs Working Paper;No. 35
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject JOB CREATION
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject LIFELONG LEARNING
dc.subject POVERTY
dc.subject INCLUSION
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject CHILDCARE SERVICES
dc.title Jobs Challenges in Slavonia, Croatia – A Subnational Labor Market Assessment en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crossref.title Jobs Challenges in Slavonia, Croatia – A Subnational Labor Market Assessment
okr.date.disclosure 2019-08-20
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/554611566303661972/Jobs-Challenges-in-Slavonia-Croatia-A-Subnational-Labor-Market-Assessment
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/32300
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b087001e89_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 31347840
okr.identifier.report 140884
okr.imported true en
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/554611566303661972/pdf/Jobs-Challenges-in-Slavonia-Croatia-A-Subnational-Labor-Market-Assessment.pdf en
okr.region.administrative Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country Croatia
okr.topic Education :: Economics of Education
okr.topic Rural Development :: Rural Labor Markets
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Skills Development and Labor Force Training
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Vocational & Technical Education
okr.unit Social Protection & Labor ECA (HECSP)
relation.isAuthorOfPublication edddec25-fd05-5c5a-b900-c6e67e3312a4
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Thumbnail Image
Name:
English PDF
Size:
2.27 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
English Text
Size:
238.12 KB
Format:
Plain Text
Description:
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
1.71 KB
Format:
Plain Text
Description:
Collections