Publication:
The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance: Evidence from Teacher Absence in India

dc.contributor.authorMuralidharan, Karthik
dc.contributor.authorDas, Jishnu
dc.contributor.authorHolla, Alaka
dc.contributor.authorMohpal, Aakash
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-09T22:35:04Z
dc.date.available2016-03-09T22:35:04Z
dc.date.issued2016-02
dc.description.abstractThe relative return to input-augmentation versus inefficiency-reduction strategies for improving education system performance is a key open question for education policy in low-income countries. Using a new nationally-representative panel dataset of schools across 1297 villages in India, this paper shows that the large investments over the past decade have led to substantial improvements in input-based measures of school quality, but only a modest reduction in inefficiency as measured by teacher absence. In the data, 23.6 percent of teachers were absent during unannounced visits with an associated fiscal cost of $1.5 billion/year. There are two robust correlations in the nationally-representative panel data that corroborate findings from smaller-scale experiments. First, reductions in student-teacher ratios are correlated with increased teacher absence. Second, increases in the frequency of school monitoring are strongly correlated with lower teacher absence. Simulations using these results suggest that investing in better governance by increasing the frequency of monitoring could be over ten times more cost effective at increasing teacher-student contact time (net of teacher absence) than hiring more teachers. Thus, at current margins, policies that decrease the inefficiency of public spending in India are likely to yield substantially higher returns than those that augment inputs.en
dc.identifierhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/02/25976238/fiscal-cost-weak-governance-evidence-teacher-absence-india
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/23918
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWorld Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPolicy Research Working Paper;No. 7579
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holderWorld Bank
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectPUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subjectCOLLEGE
dc.subjectITS
dc.subjectSCHOOL TEACHERS
dc.subjectNATIONAL SCHOOL
dc.subjectTEACHERS
dc.subjectELEMENTARY EDUCATION
dc.subjectSTUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subjectNUMBER OF SCHOOLS
dc.subjectSTUDENT-TEACHER RATIO
dc.subjectSCHOOL DATA
dc.subjectSCHOOL ENROLMENT
dc.subjectCOLLEGE DEGREES
dc.subjectTUITION
dc.subjectDISTRICT EDUCATION
dc.subjectENROLLMENT
dc.subjectSCHOOL DAY
dc.subjectEDUCATION POLICY
dc.subjectSTRATEGIES
dc.subjectHEAD TEACHER
dc.subjectEDUCATION OUTCOMES
dc.subjectPAPERS
dc.subjectCOLLEGE DEGREE
dc.subjectPOOR PEOPLE
dc.subjectRESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.subjectTEACHER PERFORMANCE
dc.subjectSCHOOL CENSUS
dc.subjectLEARNING GOALS
dc.subjectACADEMIC YEARS
dc.subjectRURAL POPULATION
dc.subjectCOMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subjectOPEN ACCESS
dc.subjectQUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subjectTRAINING
dc.subjectTEACHER TRAINING
dc.subjectEDUCATION INVESTMENTS
dc.subjectPRIVATE SCHOOLS
dc.subjectSPECIAL EDUCATION
dc.subjectSCHOOL CONSTRUCTION
dc.subjectSCHOOL HOURS
dc.subjectSCHOOL DAYS
dc.subjectPARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subjectEDUCATION DEPARTMENT
dc.subjectSTUDENT OUTCOMES
dc.subjectEDUCATION BUDGET
dc.subjectLEARNING
dc.subjectEDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subjectRESEARCH
dc.subjectSCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subjectTEACHER SALARIES
dc.subjectTEACHER RECOGNITION
dc.subjectPRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subjectENROLLMENT FIGURES
dc.subjectPRIMARY EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subjectTEACHING
dc.subjectSCHOOL LEVEL
dc.subjectSCHOOL-AGE
dc.subjectRADIO
dc.subjectLIBRARIES
dc.subjectPRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subjectREADING
dc.subjectSCHOOL YEAR
dc.subjectUNIVERSAL EDUCATION
dc.subjectSCHOOL FACILITIES
dc.subjectWORKERS
dc.subjectVALUES
dc.subjectPRIMARY DATA
dc.subjectPRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS
dc.subjectPUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subjectSTUDENT
dc.subjectSCHOOLS
dc.subjectHEAD TEACHERS
dc.subjectLEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subjectPUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS
dc.subjectURBAN SCHOOLS
dc.subjectSTUDENT PERFORMANCE
dc.subjectMINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subjectTEACHING DUTIES
dc.subjectTEACHER RATIOS
dc.subjectTEACHER HIRING
dc.subjectLITERATURE
dc.subjectEDUCATION OF CHILDREN
dc.subjectCLASS SIZE
dc.subjectREPORT CARDS
dc.subjectRIGHT TO EDUCATION
dc.subjectSENIOR TEACHER
dc.subjectINFORMAL SCHOOLS
dc.subjectTEACHER
dc.subjectSCHOOL FEEDING
dc.subjectRURAL PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subjectTEACHER RATIO
dc.subjectETHICS
dc.subjectREMOTE VILLAGES
dc.subjectEDUCATION
dc.subjectVILLAGE LEVEL
dc.subjectSTUDENT TEACHER RATIO
dc.subjectSCHOOL HOLIDAYS
dc.subjectCLASS SIZES
dc.subjectHUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subjectSCHOOL ADMINISTRATION
dc.subjectSCHOOL SUPERVISION
dc.subjectPRIMARY EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subjectSCHOOL CENSUSES
dc.subjectPARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATION
dc.subjectPUBLIC SCHOOL
dc.subjectPUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subjectUNIVERSITY
dc.subjectSTUDENTS
dc.subjectSCHOOL GOVERNANCE
dc.subjectSCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
dc.subjectPRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subjectDEGREES
dc.subjectTEACHER ABSENTEEISM
dc.subjectSCHOOL INSPECTIONS
dc.subjectCLASSROOM
dc.subjectTEACHING ACTIVITY
dc.subjectCIVIL SERVICE
dc.subjectSCHOOL
dc.subjectSCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subjectNUMBER OF TEACHERS
dc.subjectSTUDENT LEARNING
dc.subjectSCHOOL SURVEYS
dc.subjectHUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectPRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.titleThe Fiscal Cost of Weak Governanceen
dc.title.subtitleEvidence from Teacher Absence in Indiaen
dc.typeWorking Paperen
dc.typeDocument de travailfr
dc.typeDocumento de trabajoes
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.associatedcontenthttps://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/29313 Journal article
okr.crossref.titleThe Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance: Evidence from Teacher Absence in India
okr.date.disclosure2016-02-25
okr.doctypePublications & Research
okr.doctypePublications & Research::Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurlhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/02/25976238/fiscal-cost-weak-governance-evidence-teacher-absence-india
okr.identifier.doi10.1596/1813-9450-7579
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum090224b0841b1331_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum25976238
okr.identifier.reportWPS7579
okr.importedtrue
okr.language.supporteden
okr.pdfurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/02/25/090224b0841b1331/1_0/Rendered/PDF/The0fiscal0cos0her0absence0in0India.pdfen
okr.region.administrativeSouth Asia
okr.region.countryIndia
okr.topicEducation::Effective Schools and Teachers
okr.topicGovernance::National Governance
okr.topicGovernance::Local Government
okr.topicEducation::Education Reform and Management
okr.topicPublic Sector Development::Public Sector Corruption/Anticorruption Measures
okr.topicPublic Sector Development::Public Sector Management and Reform
okr.unitHuman Development and Public Services Team, Development Research Group
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscoveryea440dcd-bd1b-5ecb-99eb-ac38454d8b51
relation.isSeriesOfPublication26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
relation.isSeriesOfPublication.latestForDiscovery26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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