Publication:
Bolivia : Poverty Assessment, Establishing the Basis for More Pro-Poor Growth

dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-19T15:02:17Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-19T15:02:17Z
dc.date.issued 2005-12
dc.description.abstract Bolivia faces high levels of persistent poverty and inequality. In 2002, 65 percent of the population was living in poverty and, of that, nearly 40 percent in extreme poverty. There was a decline in poverty in the mid-1990s, however, the rate today remains close to the level of the early 1990s. In addition, income distribution in Bolivia is among the most unequal in Latin America. This report suggests three main reasons for the continuing high levels of poverty and inequality: First, growth during the 1990s was concentrated in natural resource-based exports, which have a relatively low demand for labor services while labor-intensive sectors and poorer regions grew at a lower rate. Second, the low productivity of firms, particularly in the informal labor-intensive sector, has held back the growth of both employment and wages. Third, the poor have inadequate opportunities to improve their human capital (e.g., through quality education, especially secondary and above), despite recent progress in access to basic education. This results in low labor productivity and restricted access to better-paying jobs. The main overall policy lesson is that broad-based economic growth, sustained over the long term, is a fundamental and necessary condition to reduce poverty and inequality. However, this needs to be supported by policies to improve labor productivity and job creation. This can be accomplished through (1) removing obstacles to firm modernization and growth, and integrating them further into the formal sector; (2) modernizing business and labor regulations in line with international best-practice to allow integration and competition in the world economy; and (3) strengthening human capital and social protection for the poor to enhance their productivity and ability to market their labor. en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/12/6555336/bolivia-poverty-assessment-establishing-basis-more-pro-poor-growth-bolivia-poverty-assessment-establishing-basis-pro-poor-growth
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/8412
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject ACCESS TO ASSETS
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject AGRICULTURE
dc.subject AVERAGE INCOMES
dc.subject BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
dc.subject CAPITAL INFLOWS
dc.subject CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM
dc.subject COMMUNITY ASSETS
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY
dc.subject CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
dc.subject CONSUMPTION POVERTY
dc.subject CREDIT MARKETS
dc.subject DEBT
dc.subject DECLINE IN POVERTY
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
dc.subject DISMISSAL
dc.subject DOMESTIC MARKETS
dc.subject EARNING
dc.subject ECONOMIC BOOM
dc.subject ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject ECONOMIC POLICY
dc.subject ECONOMIC REFORM
dc.subject ECONOMIC REFORMS
dc.subject ECONOMIC SHOCKS
dc.subject ECONOMIC SITUATION
dc.subject EDUCATED WORKERS
dc.subject ELASTICITY
dc.subject EMPLOYEE
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT CREATION
dc.subject EQUAL ACCESS
dc.subject EXPLAINING CHANGES
dc.subject EXPORTS
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN
dc.subject FARM PRODUCTION
dc.subject FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject FIRM PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject FIRM SIZE
dc.subject FISCAL CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS
dc.subject FREE TRADE
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject GROWTH POTENTIAL
dc.subject GROWTH PROJECTIONS
dc.subject GROWTH PROSPECTS
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject GROWTH RATES
dc.subject HIGH OPPORTUNITY COSTS
dc.subject HIGH POVERTY
dc.subject HIGH WAGE
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD HEADS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject IMPACT ON POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject IMPROVING PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject INCOME GAINS
dc.subject INCOME GENERATION
dc.subject INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject JOB CREATION
dc.subject JOB SECURITY
dc.subject LABOR COST
dc.subject LABOR COSTS
dc.subject LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject LABOR LAWS
dc.subject LABOR LEGISLATION
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject LABOR MARKET INDICATORS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET INTERMEDIATION
dc.subject LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE
dc.subject LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subject LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject LABOR REGULATIONS
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
dc.subject MALNUTRITION
dc.subject MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
dc.subject MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
dc.subject MARGINAL RETURNS
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject NATIONAL POVERTY
dc.subject NEW CROP VARIETIES
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject OUTPUT PER CAPITA
dc.subject PAID WORKERS
dc.subject PAYING JOBS
dc.subject PER CAPITA GROWTH
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject PERSISTENT POVERTY
dc.subject POLICY DETERMINANTS
dc.subject POLICY INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject POLICY REFORMS
dc.subject POLITICAL STABILITY
dc.subject POOR AREAS
dc.subject POOR COUNTRIES
dc.subject POOR FAMILIES
dc.subject POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject POOR POLICY
dc.subject POORER REGIONS
dc.subject POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject POVERTY FRONT
dc.subject POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject POVERTY LEVEL
dc.subject POVERTY LINE
dc.subject POVERTY LINES
dc.subject POVERTY MAP
dc.subject POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject POVERTY PROFILES
dc.subject POVERTY RATE
dc.subject POVERTY RATES
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
dc.subject POVERTY TARGET
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject PRO-POOR
dc.subject PRO-POOR GROWTH
dc.subject PRODUCTION FUNCTION
dc.subject PRODUCTION PROCESSES
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY GAINS
dc.subject PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICIES
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject REAL WAGES
dc.subject REDUCED POVERTY
dc.subject REDUCING POVERTY
dc.subject REFORM EFFORTS
dc.subject REGIONAL AVERAGES
dc.subject RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject RURAL DWELLERS
dc.subject RURAL ECONOMY
dc.subject RURAL LABOR
dc.subject RURAL LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject RURAL MIGRATION
dc.subject RURAL POOR
dc.subject RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject RURAL RESIDENTS
dc.subject SALARIED WORKERS
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject SCHOOLING
dc.subject SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
dc.subject SIGNIFICANT IMPACT
dc.subject SMALL BUSINESS
dc.subject SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject SOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject SOCIAL SPENDING
dc.subject STRUCTURAL POLICIES
dc.subject SUBSISTENCE
dc.subject TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
dc.subject TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject THIN MARKETS
dc.subject TRANSACTIONS COSTS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject UNEQUAL COUNTRIES
dc.subject UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject VALUE ADDED
dc.subject WAGE LEVELS
dc.subject WORKER
dc.title Bolivia : Poverty Assessment, Establishing the Basis for More Pro-Poor Growth en
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea Jobs
okr.date.disclosure 2006-01-25
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/12/6555336/bolivia-poverty-assessment-establishing-basis-more-pro-poor-growth-bolivia-poverty-assessment-establishing-basis-pro-poor-growth
okr.globalpractice Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice Poverty
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 000160016_20060125100101
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 6555336
okr.identifier.report 28068
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/01/25/000160016_20060125100101/Rendered/PDF/280680BO.pdf en
okr.region.administrative Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country Bolivia
okr.region.geographical America
okr.region.geographical South America
okr.sector Public Administration
okr.sector Law
okr.sector Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: General public administration sector
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic Services and Transfers to Poor
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic Macroeconomics and Economic Growth
okr.topic Rural Development
okr.unit Poverty Sector (LCSPP)
okr.volume 1 of 1
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