Contract Teachers in India Goyal, Sangeeta Pandey, Priyanka 2013-04-25T19:34:40Z 2013-04-25T19:34:40Z 2011-06-24
dc.description.abstract In this paper, we use non‐experimental data from government schools in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, two of the largest Indian states, to present average school outcomes by contract status of teachers. We find that contract teachers are associated with higher effort than civil service teachers with permanent tenures, before as well as after controlling for school fixed effects. And higher teacher effort is associated with better student performance after controlling for other school inputs and student characteristics. Given that salaries earned by contract teachers are one‐fourth or less of civil service teachers, contract teachers may be a more cost‐effective resource. However, contracts ‘as they are’ appear weak. Not only do contract teachers have fairly low average effort in absolute terms, but those who have been on the job for at least one full tenure have lower effort than others who are in the first contract period. en
dc.identifier.citation Education Economics
dc.identifier.issn 0964-5292
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis
dc.relation.ispartofseries Education Economics;
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject developing countries
dc.subject primary education
dc.subject teacher incentives
dc.subject teacher contracts
dc.subject teacher absenteeism
dc.title Contract Teachers in India en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.type Article de journal fr
dc.type Artículo de revista es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Journal Article
okr.externalcontent External Content
okr.globalpractice Education
okr.journal.nbpages 464-484
okr.language.supported en
okr.peerreview Academic Peer Review India
okr.sector Education :: Primary education
okr.topic Education :: Primary Education
okr.volume 21(5)
relation.isAuthorOfPublication bfbdb664-482d-5d6b-9375-d722263d790d
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