Publication: India's Emergent Horticultural Exports : Addressing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards and Other Challenges

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World Bank
This study was initiated by a request from the State Governments of Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra for the World Bank to examine the current and prospective sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS)-related barriers facing their tropical fruit exports. Specific interest was expressed in examining issues and outlining solutions pertaining to exports of bananas, pomegranates, and fresh mangoes. This study seeks to (1) provide insights into the range of SPS-related and broader competitiveness challenges and opportunities facing Indian export horticulture, (2) highlight strengths and weaknesses in current approaches and capacities to address these challenges, and (3) identify near- and medium-term priority actions-both specific and strategic-to enhance competitiveness and standards compliance. The study ultimately seeks to catalyze a more strategic dialogue between Indian policy makers, technical agencies, and the private sector regarding priority actions and the appropriate and sustainable division of roles and responsibilities of different players. This study is organized as follows: an introduction followed by Chapter 2, which provides an overview of selected international trends in horticultural trade and introduces some of the official and private standards. Chapter 3 shifts to the broader Indian context. It summarizes major trends in domestic horticultural production and marketing, the prevailing regulatory environment, and the complex apparatus of government support and other interventions in this sector. Chapter 4 denotes major trends in the growth and market orientation of Indian horticultural exports and highlights key competitive strengths and weaknesses in the export supply chains for a range of commodities or products. Chapter 5 examines how SPS measures and capacities affect India's current market access and the profitability of its horticultural trade. The chapter identifies "looming threats" to this trade and discusses alternatives for mitigating them, including changes in crop production or procurement, conformity assessment, and/or other arrangements. Chapter 6 draws out the conclusions from the study and includes recommendations and policy options for the Government of India.
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World Bank. 2007. India's Emergent Horticultural Exports : Addressing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards and Other Challenges. © Washington, DC. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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