Expanding Job Opportunities in Ghana Honorati, Maddalena Johansson de Silva, Sara 2016-10-20T15:13:35Z 2016-10-20T15:13:35Z 2016-10-20
dc.description.abstract Ghana was, until very recently, a success story in Africa, achieving high and sustained growth and impressive poverty reduction. However, Ghana is now facing major challenges in diversifying its economy, sustaining growth, and making it more inclusive. Most of the new jobs that have been created in the past decade have been in low-earning, low-productivity trade services. Macroeconomic instability, limited diversification and growing inequities in Ghana’s labor markets make it harder for the economy to create more jobs, and particularly, better jobs. Employment needs to expand in both urban areas, which will continue to grow rapidly, and rural areas, where poverty is still concentrated. The current fiscal and economic crisis is heightening the need for urgent reforms but limiting the room for maneuver and increasing pressure for a careful prioritization of policy actions. Going forward, Ghana will need to consider an integrated jobs strategy that addresses barriers to the business climate, deficiencies in skills, lack of competitiveness of job-creating sectors, problems with labor mobility, and the need for comprehensive labor market regulation. Ghana needs to diversify its economy through gains in productivity in sectors like agribusiness, transport, construction, energy, and information and communications technology (ICT) services. Productivity needs to be increased also in agriculture, in order to increase the earnings potential for the many poor who still work there. In particular, Ghana’s youth and women need help in connecting to these jobs, through relevant skills development and services that target gaps in information about job opportunities. Even with significant effort, most of Ghana’s population will continue to work in jobs characterized by low and fluctuating earnings for the foreseeable future, however, and they will need social safety nets that help them manage vulnerability to income shortfalls. More productive and inclusive jobs will help Ghana move to a second phase of structural transformation and develop into a modern middle-income economy. en
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-4648-0941-5
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Directions in Development;
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject JOBS
dc.subject INFORMALITY
dc.subject MIGRATION
dc.subject INCLUSION
dc.subject LABOR
dc.subject LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject EARNINGS
dc.subject SKILLS
dc.title Expanding Job Opportunities in Ghana en
dc.type Book en
dc.type Livre fr
dc.type Libro es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crossref.title Expanding Job Opportunities in Ghana 2016-10-20
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/978-1-4648-0941-5
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 210941 109384
okr.imported true
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl sftp:// en
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Skills Development and Labor Force Training
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.topic Private Sector Development :: Microenterprises
okr.unit GSP07
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication 99410a24-bfa2-5293-ab45-b38531838595
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 706db16a-e556-46f0-8283-1b4a4b88645c
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