Public Mosquito Abatement: A Cluster Randomized Experiment

Thumbnail Image
Files in English
English PDF (2.38 MB)
Mosquito abatement is a public good. A simultaneous model of mosquito abundance and abatement response is developed. This paper uses data from a cluster randomized controlled experiment conducted over the period 2012-2014 in urban areas of Reunion in France to study the impact of WHO-recommended mechanical elimination techniques, which involve removing sources of stagnant water around the house, on a number of outcomes, including objective entomological indices and self-declared protective behaviors. Empirical results document that households reduce their protective behavior in response to public control. This study holds implications for arboviral disease control, including Zika control.
Link to Data Set
Thuilliez, Josselin; Dumont, Yves. 2017. Public Mosquito Abatement: A Cluster Randomized Experiment. Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7980. © World Bank, Washington, DC. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Report Series
Report Series
Other publications in this report series
  • Publication
    Urban Informality in Sub-Saharan Africa
    (World Bank, 2024-02-14) Cunningham, Wendy; Newhouse, David Locke; Ricaldi, Federica; Tchuisseu Seuyong, Feraud; Viollaz, Mariana; Edochie, Ifeanyi Nzegwu
    This paper describes the state of informal sector work in urban Sub-Saharan Africa, using household surveys from 26 countries representing 61 percent of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa and firm surveys from three countries. Five main conclusions emerge. First, the urban informal sector is large and persistent in Sub-Saharan Africa. Approximately 56 to 65 percent of urban workers are informal, half of whom are self-employed. Data from five countries suggest little systematic reduction in the prevalence of informality during the 2010s. Second, heterogeneity in the African informal sector cuts along demographic lines. Women are overrepresented in informal self-employment, men in informal wage work, and youth in unpaid employment. Third, while the urban informal workers are, on average, poorer and in less-skilled occupations than formal sector workers, the majority are not extremely poor and are in mid-skilled occupations. Fourth, informal enterprises are small and are challenged to survive and grow into job-creating firms. Few find much benefit from registration given the costs, both monetary (taxes) and transactional (information about the registration process). Fifth, access to urban public services (utilities) is weakly associated with the probability of working in an informal job, although access to mobile phones is high across all job types. If thriving urban jobs are to contribute to economic and social development in Africa, it will be crucial for policies and programs to take into consideration the heterogeneity in jobs, the profile of workers, and the urban context.
  • Publication
    What Lies Behind “Good” Analytical Work on Development ? Four Years of Knowledge Products at the World Bank
    (World Bank, 2024-02-14) Rama, Martin; Singh, Rucheta; Aslam, Aiza
    The World Bank’s analytical work has a strong reputation, but its knowledge products are also perceived to be of varying quality and relevance, and the drivers of this heterogeneity are only partially understood. Building on previous evaluations, this paper adopts a production function approach to assess how budget resources, time to completion, technical skills, and institutional responsibilities affect the internal ratings and external visibility of different types of analytical tasks at the World Bank. To this effect, the paper first matches records from three unconnected electronic platforms — for internal documents, budget codes, and external publications — to assemble a comprehensive database of knowledge products and their key characteristics. With analytical documents as its unit of observation, the exercise shows that: (1) devoting more resources to analytical tasks leads to both better ratings and greater visibility; (2) both outcomes are systematically worse when a greater share of resources comes from trust funds; (3) they are also consistently worse for tasks that take longer to complete; (4) more academically oriented team leaders underperform on ratings and overperform on visibility, whereas technically solid but less stellar team leaders overperform on ratings; and (5) everything else equal, performance varies systematically with the nature of the unit in charge. The findings of the paper can be read as a cautionary note against knowledge management that is based on the counting of analytical tasks. Instead, the findings call for much stronger information systems on knowledge products, a better alignment of incentives for the units in charge, and regular evaluations in the spirit of this paper.
  • Publication
    Beyond the Usual
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-02-13) Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo Javier; Cueva, Ronald A.; Davalos, Maria Eugenia
    Job quality can impact workers’ productivity and contribute to societal well-being. To analyze the evolution of job quality in Bolivia, this paper employs Bolivian household survey data spanning 2007 to 2021 to construct a synthetic job quality index. The index incorporates a broad definition of a good job, encompassing six dimensions: adherence to regulations, working conditions, establishment of an appropriate wage-job linkage, productive usage and adaptability of skills, availability of career opportunities, and employment resilience. The findings indicate that job quality in Bolivia has mostly remained incessant, exhibiting limited change even during periods of high growth in economic output. However, this result masks heterogeneities, with significant variation in job quality associated with workers’ demographic and job-specific characteristics and across regions.
  • Publication
    Indigenous peoples, land and conflict in Mindanao, Philippines
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-02-12) Madrigal Correa, Alma Lucia; Cuesta Leiva, Jose Antonio; Somerville, Sergio Patrick
    This article explores the links between conflict, land and indigenous peoples in several regions of Mindano, the Philippines, notorious for their levels of poverty and conflict. The analysis takes advantage of the unprecedented concurrence of data from the most recent, 2020, census; an independent conflict data monitor for Mindanao; and administrative sources on ancestral land titling for indigenous peoples in the Philippines. While evidence elsewhere compellingly links land titling with conflict reduction, a more nuanced story emerges in the Philippines. Conflicts, including land- and resource-related conflicts, are generally less likely in districts (barangays) with higher shares of indigenous peoples. Ancestral domain areas also have a lower likelihood for general conflict but a higher likelihood for land-related conflict. Ancestral domains titling does not automatically solve land-related conflicts. When administrative delays take place (from cumbersome bureaucratic processes, insufficient resources and weak institutional capacity), titling processes may lead to sustained, rather than decreased, conflict.
  • Publication
    Gender-Specific Transportation Costs and Female Time Use
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-02-12) Chen, Yutong; Cosar, Kerem; Ghose, Devaki; Mahendru, Shirish; Sekhri, Sheetal
    This paper estimates a synthetic difference-in-differences specification on the roll-out of a program providing free bus transit for women in several Indian states, to examine the impact on women’s time allocation and labor supply. Household expenditures on buses fall and women save time on travel. However, there is substantial heterogeneity. Skilled employed women increase labor supply and reduce time on household chores. Low-skilled married women increase time on household activities and reduce labor supply. Unemployed women increase job search with no effect on employment. The findings show that gender roles within households undermine the effect of gender-specific travel subsidies on female labor supply.
Journal Volume
Journal Issue
Associated URLs
Associated content