Publication:
Women’s Labor Force Participation in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: A Study of Social and Psychological Barriers

dc.contributor.author Iman, Sen
dc.contributor.author Afif, Zeina
dc.contributor.author Gauri, Varun
dc.contributor.author Mohamed, Gohdar
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-02T22:20:39Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-02T22:20:39Z
dc.date.issued 2022-04
dc.description.abstract Women’s labor force participation in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq is very low, at 14 percent. This paper investigates a number of social and psychological barriers to participation, using recent methods in the measurement of social norms and cultural beliefs and primary data collected from all three governorates. Furthermore, since greater growth in employment generation is expected in the private sector, the paper explores women and men’s perceptions toward working in the private sector in detail. The findings show that while 70 percent of women and men support women’s participation in the private sector, several challenges remain in both information about the sector, as well as perceived risks and discrimination. More broadly, the findings show that traditional gender role expectations may still impede women’s labor force participation. Perceptions of common societal practices and beliefs of other members from the same household are all correlated with women’s work. The paper explores additional mental barriers using a smaller sample of younger and more educated female job seekers, who are registered with a jobs agency, and finds that both perseverance in the job search process and trust and engagement with formal institutions are additional behavioral barriers. en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099728304282234440/IDU03d4388360c37c04149090b60d078abce3838
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/37365
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;10028
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject WOMENS LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject FEMALE JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT EQUITY
dc.subject TRADITIONAL ROLES
dc.subject ROLE OF WOMEN IN KURDISTAN
dc.subject BARRIERS TO EMPLOYMENT
dc.title Women’s Labor Force Participation in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq en
dc.title.subtitle A Study of Social and Psychological Barriers en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.date.disclosure 2022-04-28
okr.date.lastmodified 2022-04-28T00:00:00Z en
okr.doctype Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099728304282234440/IDU03d4388360c37c04149090b60d078abce3838
okr.guid 099728304282234440
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-10028
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 33806013
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 33806013
okr.identifier.report WPS10028
okr.imported true en
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099728304282234440/pdf/IDU03d4388360c37c04149090b60d078abce3838.pdf en
okr.region.administrative Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country Iraq
okr.topic Gender :: Gender Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Poverty
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Social Development
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Social Policy
okr.topic Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economics and Gender
okr.unit EFI-Poverty and Equity-GE (EPVGE)
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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