Publication:
The Incidence of Graft on Developing-Country Firms

dc.contributor.author González, Alvaro
dc.contributor.author Ernesto López-Córdova, J.
dc.contributor.author E. Valladares, Elio
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-08T15:39:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-08T15:39:03Z
dc.date.issued 2007-11
dc.description.abstract This paper measures the extent to which firms in developing countries are the target of bribes. Using new firm-level survey data from 33 African and Latin American countries, we first show that perceptions adjust slowly to firms' experience with corrupt officials and hence are an imperfect proxy for the true incidence of graft. We then construct an experience-based index that reflects the probability that a firm will be asked for a bribe in order to complete a specified set of business transactions. On average, African firms are three times as likely to be asked for bribes as are firms in Latin America, although there is substantial variation within each region. Last, we show that graft appears to be more prevalent in countries with excessive regulation and where democracy is weak. In particular, our results suggest that the incidence of graft in Africa would fall by approximately 85 percent if countries in the region had levels of democracy and regulation similar to those that exist in Latin America. en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2007/11/8682858/incidence-graft-developing-country-firms
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/7529
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4394
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject ANTI-CORRUPTION
dc.subject ARSON
dc.subject BRIBE
dc.subject BRIBERY
dc.subject BRIBES
dc.subject BRIBING
dc.subject BUSINESS CLIMATE
dc.subject BUSINESS ENTRY
dc.subject BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject BUSINESS REGULATIONS
dc.subject BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS
dc.subject BUSINESSES
dc.subject CENTRAL AMERICA
dc.subject CIVIL SERVANTS
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject CONFIDENCE
dc.subject CORRUPT
dc.subject CORRUPT ACTS
dc.subject CORRUPT OFFICIALS
dc.subject CORRUPT PRACTICES
dc.subject CORRUPTION
dc.subject CORRUPTION PERCEPTION
dc.subject CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS
dc.subject CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX
dc.subject CRIME
dc.subject DEMOCRACIES
dc.subject DEMOCRACY
dc.subject ELECTRICITY
dc.subject ENTERPRISE SURVEY
dc.subject ENTERPRISE SURVEYS
dc.subject ENTREPRENEURS
dc.subject EXTORTION
dc.subject GOVERNMENT CONTRACT
dc.subject GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS
dc.subject GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
dc.subject GRAFT
dc.subject HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject INSPECTIONS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL REFORM
dc.subject INTEGRITY
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject LATIN AMERICAN
dc.subject LEGAL SYSTEM
dc.subject LICENSE
dc.subject LICENSES
dc.subject MEDIA
dc.subject MOBILE TELEPHONES
dc.subject MULTINATIONAL
dc.subject NEPOTISM
dc.subject PAYOFF
dc.subject PERCEPTION OF CORRUPTION
dc.subject PETTY CORRUPTION
dc.subject POLITICAL CORRUPTION
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject PROCUREMENT
dc.subject PUBLIC OFFICIALS
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject REMEDY
dc.subject RESULT
dc.subject RESULTS
dc.subject ROBBERY
dc.subject SOLICITATIONS
dc.subject TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject TELEPHONE
dc.subject TELEPHONE CONNECTION
dc.subject TELEPHONE CONNECTIONS
dc.subject TELEPHONE SERVICE
dc.subject TELEPHONE SERVICES
dc.subject TELEPHONY
dc.subject THEFT
dc.subject TRANSACTION
dc.subject USERS
dc.subject VICTIMS
dc.subject WEB
dc.subject Microdata Set
dc.title The Incidence of Graft on Developing-Country Firms en
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2007/11/8682858/incidence-graft-developing-country-firms
okr.globalpractice Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice Governance
okr.globalpractice Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice Governance
okr.globalpractice Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice Trade and Competitiveness
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-4394
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 000158349_20071112131416
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 8682858
okr.identifier.report WPS4394
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2007/11/12/000158349_20071112131416/Rendered/PDF/wps4394.pdf en
okr.relation.associateddataset http://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/464
okr.topic Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
okr.topic Public Sector Corruption and Anticorruption Measures
okr.topic Corruption and Anticorruption Law
okr.topic Social Development :: Crime and Society
okr.topic Private Sector Development :: E-Business
okr.topic Law and Development
okr.topic Public Sector Development
okr.unit Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume 1 of 1
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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